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State
Washington
Chapter 47.60 RCW Puget sound ferry and toll bridge system





Chapter 47.60 RCW
Puget sound ferry and toll bridge system

Chapter Listing


RCW Sections
47.60.010 Ferry system, toll bridges, and facilities authorized -- Power to contract, sell and lease back.
47.60.013 Emergency powers of governor to insure continued operation of ferry and toll bridge system -- Cost reimbursement.
47.60.015 "Washington State Ferries" -- Name authorized.
47.60.017 State ferry system a public mass transportation system.
47.60.020 Eminent domain -- Condemnation proceedings.
47.60.030 Existing contracts -- Prior negotiations and bids validated.
47.60.040 Survey by department.
47.60.050 Improvement of facilities -- Financing.
47.60.060 Revenue bonds authorized -- Issuance -- Conditions -- Negotiability -- Interim bonds.
47.60.080 Determining amount of bonds to be issued.
47.60.090 Sale of bonds -- Deposit, disbursement of proceeds.
47.60.100 Bonds are legal investment for state moneys.
47.60.110 Bondholders may compel performance.
47.60.113 Refunding bonds -- Authorization -- Amount -- Interest -- Conditions.
47.60.114 Refunding bonds -- Payable from revenues.
47.60.115 Refunding bonds -- Disposition -- Laws applicable.
47.60.120 Other crossings -- Infringement of existing franchises -- Waivers (as amended by 2003 c 83).
47.60.120 Other crossings -- Infringement of existing franchises -- Waivers (as amended by 2003 c 373).
47.60.122 Ferries, terminal facilities -- Interim revenue warrants authorized.
47.60.124 Revenue refunding bonds to redeem interim warrants.
47.60.126 Interim warrants and refunding bonds -- Laws applicable.
47.60.130 Unit or combined operation -- Continuous project -- Rental, charter, lease of system property -- Sale of unneeded property.
47.60.135 Charter of state ferries--Hazardous materials.
47.60.140 System as self-liquidating undertaking -- Powers of department -- Concessions.
47.60.145 Historic ferries -- Acquisition by qualified persons or organizations.
47.60.150 Fixing of charges -- Deposit of revenues.
47.60.170 Ferries revolving fund -- Deposit of excess funds.
47.60.200 Consent to liability not general liability of state.
47.60.210 Seamen may sue for injuries -- Venue.
47.60.220 Department as common carrier -- Rights and liabilities.
47.60.230 Liability for damages as to persons or property.
47.60.240 Liability to persons other than shippers or passengers -- Limitation.
47.60.250 Claim for damages -- Filing -- Contents -- Time limitations.
47.60.260 Payment of claims.
47.60.270 Venue of actions -- Enforcement of judgment.
47.60.275 Local law enforcement officers on ferries and terminals.
47.60.277 "No Smoking" areas on state ferries -- Establishment directed.
47.60.280 Ferry service -- Lummi Island to Orcas Island -- Limitation on operation.
47.60.282 Ferry service between Port Townsend and Keystone -- Operation authorized, when.
47.60.283 Ferry service between Port Townsend and Keystone -- Purpose.
47.60.290 State ferries -- Review of tariffs and charges.
47.60.300 State ferries -- Scope of review -- Periodic reviews required.
47.60.310 State ferries -- Local expressions -- Ferry advisory committees.
47.60.326 Schedule of charges for state ferries -- Review by department, factors considered -- Rule making by commission.
47.60.330 Public participation.
47.60.400 Refunding bonds authorized, 1961 Act.
47.60.420 Additional revenue bonds, refunding bonds, authorized, 1961 Act -- Prior charge against Puget Sound capital construction account if ferry system revenues insufficient.
47.60.430 Additional revenue bonds, refunding bonds, authorized, 1961 Act -- Agreement to continue imposition of certain taxes.
47.60.440 Additional revenue bonds, refunding bonds, authorized, 1961 Act -- Ferry system a revenue-producing undertaking -- Debt service -- Tolls on ferry system and Hood Canal bridge.
47.60.500 Acquisition of additional ferries -- Legislative finding -- Department authority.
47.60.505 Puget Sound capital construction account -- Created -- Use.
47.60.530 Puget Sound ferry operations account -- Created -- Use.
47.60.550 Parking or holding area for ferry patrons in conjunction with municipal off-street parking facilities.
47.60.560 General obligation bonds -- Ferries -- Authorized -- Purposes -- Passenger-only vessels -- Issuance, sale, and retirement.
47.60.570 Disposition of proceeds from sale of bonds.
47.60.580 Bonds -- Terms -- Principal and interest payable from proceeds of state excise taxes on motor vehicle and special fuels.
47.60.590 Repayment of bonds -- Fund sources.
47.60.600 Bonds -- Powers and duties of state finance committee.
47.60.610 Excess repayment funds -- Disposition.
47.60.620 Reimbursements and transfers of funds.
47.60.630 Bonds legal investment for public funds.
47.60.640 Bonds -- Equal charge against revenues from motor vehicle and special fuel excise taxes.
47.60.645 Passenger ferry account.
47.60.649 Passenger-only ferry service -- Finding.
47.60.652 Passenger-only ferry service -- Vessel and terminal acquisition, procurement, and construction.
47.60.654 Passenger-only ferry service -- Contingency.
47.60.656 Passenger-only ferry service -- Conveyance of vessels authorized.
47.60.680 Prequalification of contractors required.
47.60.690 Qualifications of contractor -- Rules to assure.
47.60.700 Application for prequalification -- Form.
47.60.710 Department authority to obtain information.
47.60.720 Additional investigation -- Terms of prequalification -- Notice of nonqualification.
47.60.730 Renewal of prequalification -- Nonrenewal or revocation, notice.
47.60.740 Rejection of bid despite prequalification -- Unqualified bidder.
47.60.750 Appeal of refusal, modification, or revocation of prequalification.
47.60.760 Financial information regarding qualifying not public.
47.60.770 Jumbo ferry construction -- Notice.
47.60.772 Jumbo ferry construction -- Bidding documents.
47.60.774 Jumbo ferry construction -- Procedure on conclusion of evaluation.
47.60.776 Jumbo ferry construction -- Contract.
47.60.778 Jumbo ferry construction -- Bid deposits -- Low bidder claiming error.
47.60.780 Jumbo ferry construction--Propulsion system acquisition.
47.60.800 General obligation bonds -- 1992 issue -- Purpose -- Issuance and sale.
47.60.802 Bonds -- 1992 issue -- Supervision of sale by state finance committee -- Option of short-term obligations.
47.60.804 Bonds -- 1992 issue -- Use of proceeds.
47.60.806 Bonds -- 1992 issue -- Payment of principal and interest from pledged excise taxes.
47.60.808 Bonds -- 1992 issue -- Payment from ferry bond retirement fund.
47.60.810 Design-build ferries -- Authorized -- Phases defined.
47.60.812 Design-build ferries -- Notice of request for proposals.
47.60.814 Design-build ferries -- Issuance of request for proposals.
47.60.816 Design-build ferries -- Phase one.
47.60.818 Design-build ferries -- Phase two.
47.60.820 Design-build ferries -- Phase three.
47.60.822 Design-build ferries -- Notice to proposers not selected -- Appeal.



Notes:
Bridges across navigable waters: RCW 79.110.110 through 79.110.140.
Credit permits for vehicular passage: RCW 47.56.247, 47.56.248.

Sale, lease of unneeded toll facility, ferry system property -- Franchises for utility, railway purposes: RCW 47.56.253 through 47.56.257.

Traffic violations and unlawful acts on toll facility or ferry: RCW 46.61.690.




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47.60.010
Ferry system, toll bridges, and facilities authorized Power to contract, sell and lease back.
The department is authorized to acquire by lease, charter, contract, purchase, condemnation, or construction, and partly by any or all of such means, and to thereafter operate, improve, and extend, a system of ferries on and crossing Puget Sound and any of its tributary waters and connections thereof, and connecting with the public streets and highways in the state. The system of ferries shall include such boats, vessels, wharves, docks, approaches, landings, franchises, licenses, and appurtenances as shall be determined by the department to be necessary or desirable for efficient operation of the ferry system and best serve the public. The department may in like manner acquire by purchase, condemnation, or construction and include in the ferry system such toll bridges, approaches, and connecting roadways as may be deemed by the department advantageous in channeling traffic to points served by the ferry system. In addition to the powers of acquisition granted by this section, the department is empowered to enter into any contracts, agreements, or leases with any person, firm, or corporation and to thereby provide, on such terms and conditions as it shall determine, for the operation of any ferry or ferries or system thereof, whether acquired by the department or not.

The authority of the department to sell and lease back any state ferry, for federal tax purposes only, as authorized by 26 U.S.C., Sec. 168(f)(8) is confirmed. Legal title and all incidents of legal title to any ferry sold and leased back (except for the federal tax benefits attributable to the ownership thereof) shall remain in the state of Washington.


[1984 c 18 1; 1984 c 7 296; 1961 c 13 47.60.010. Prior: 1949 c 179 1; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-30.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.013
Emergency powers of governor to insure continued operation of ferry and toll bridge system Cost reimbursement.
The governor is authorized to take such actions as may be necessary to insure the continued operation of the Puget Sound ferry and toll bridge system under any emergency circumstances which threaten the continued operation of the system. In the event of such an emergency, the governor may assume all the powers granted by law to the transportation commission and department of transportation with respect to the ferry system. In addition, notwithstanding the provisions of chapters 47.60 and 47.64 RCW, the governor may contract with any qualified persons for the operation of the Washington state ferry system, or any part thereof, or for ferry service to be provided by privately owned vessels. Administrative costs to the office of the governor incurred in the exercise of this authority shall be reimbursed by the department.


[1981 c 341 1.]

Notes: Severability -- 1981 c 341: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1981 c 341 2.]






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47.60.015
"Washington State Ferries" Name authorized.
The department is authorized to operate its ferry system under the name: "Washington State Ferries."


[1984 c 7 297; 1961 c 13 47.60.015. Prior: 1953 c 33 1.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.017
State ferry system a public mass transportation system.
The legislature finds and declares that the state ferry system is a public mass transportation system.


[1974 ex.s. c 105 1.]




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47.60.020
Eminent domain Condemnation proceedings.
For the purpose of carrying out any or all of the powers granted in this chapter, the department has the power of eminent domain for the acquisition of either real or personal property, used or useful for the Puget Sound ferry system. Condemnation pursuant to this chapter shall be the procedure set out in chapter 8.04 RCW. The department may institute condemnation proceedings in the superior court of any county or other court of competent jurisdiction in which any of the property sought to be condemned is located or in which the owner of any thereof does business, and the court in any such action has jurisdiction to condemn property wherever located within the state. It shall not be necessary to allege or prove any offer to purchase or inability to agree with the owners thereof for the purchase of any such property in the proceedings. It is the intention of this section to permit the consolidation in one action of all condemnation proceedings necessary to acquire a ferry system and every type of property incident thereto, irrespective of its location within the state or diversity of ownership. Upon the filing of a petition for condemnation as provided in this section, the court may issue an order restraining the removal from the jurisdiction of the state of any personal property sought to be acquired by the proceeding during the pendency thereof. The court further has the power to issue such orders or process as are necessary to place the department into possession of any property condemned.


[1984 c 7 298; 1961 c 13 47.60.020. Prior: 1949 c 179 2; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-31.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.030
Existing contracts Prior negotiations and bids validated.
In any case where the department takes over any property or properties which are under lease, contract, or concession, or where the department has heretofore entered into any contract or negotiation or received any bid for any of the purposes set forth in this chapter, the department is authorized to continue in effect and carry out any such contract, lease, or concession or complete any such negotiation or accept any such bid or any modification of any of them which appears advantageous to the department without regard to any limitations or directions as to the manner thereof contained in this chapter. However, this section shall not be construed as requiring the department so to act, but this section is permissive only and then only in respect to contracts, leases, concessions, negotiations, or bids existing, entered into, or received prior to April 1, 1949.


[1984 c 7 299; 1961 c 13 47.60.030. Prior: 1949 c 179 7; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-36.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.040
Survey by department.
For the purpose of obtaining information for the consideration of the department upon the acquisition of any ferries or ferry facilities or the construction of any toll bridge under this chapter, the department shall make any examination, investigation, survey, or reconnaissance for the determination of material facts pertaining thereto.

The cost of any such examination, investigation, survey, or reconnaissance, and all preliminary expenses leading up to and resulting in the issuance of any revenue bonds including, but not being limited to expenses in making surveys and appraisals and the drafting, printing, issuance, and sale of bonds under this chapter shall be borne by the department out of the motor vehicle fund. All such costs and expenses as well as any thereof heretofore incurred shall be reimbursed to the motor vehicle fund out of any proceeds derived from the sale of bonds or out of tolls and revenues to be derived by the department through its operations hereunder.


[1984 c 7 300; 1961 c 13 47.60.040. Prior: 1949 c 179 4, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-33, part.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.050
Improvement of facilities Financing.
Any facility that the department acquires or is authorized to acquire under the provisions of this chapter may be rehabilitated, rebuilt, enlarged, or improved, and the cost thereof may be paid from the revenues of the system or through the issuance of bonds as hereinafter provided.


[1984 c 7 301; 1961 c 13 47.60.050. Prior: 1949 c 179 3, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-32, part.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.060
Revenue bonds authorized Issuance Conditions Negotiability Interim bonds.
For the purpose of paying the cost of acquiring by lease, charter, contract, purchase, condemnation, or construction all or any part of such Puget Sound ferry system, including toll bridges, approaches, and roadways incidental thereto, and for rehabilitating, rebuilding, enlarging, or improving all or any part of the system, the department is authorized by resolution to issue its revenue bonds which shall constitute obligations only of the department and shall be payable solely and only from all or such part of the revenues from the operation of the system as may be provided in and by the resolution.

Each revenue bond shall contain a recital that payment or redemption of the bond and payment of the interest thereon is secured by a direct charge and lien upon the tolls and revenues pledged for that purpose and that the bond does not constitute an indebtedness of the state of Washington.

The department is empowered to include in any resolution authorizing the issuance of the bonds such covenants, stipulations, and conditions as may be deemed necessary with respect to the continued use and application of the income and revenues from the undertaking.

The revenue bonds may bear such date or dates, may mature at such time or times as the department determines, may bear interest at such rate or rates, may be in such denomination or denominations, may be in such form, either coupon or registered, may carry such registration and conversion privileges, may be made subject to such terms of redemption with or without premium, and may contain such other terms and covenants not inconsistent with this chapter as may be provided in the resolution. Notwithstanding the form or tenor thereof, and in the absence of an express recital on the face thereof that the bond is nonnegotiable, each such revenue bond shall at all times be and shall be treated as a negotiable instrument for all purposes. All such bonds shall be signed by the state treasurer and countersigned by the governor, and any interest coupons appertaining thereto shall bear the signature of the state treasurer. The countersignature of the governor on the bonds and the signature of the state treasurer on the coupons may be their printed or lithographed facsimile signatures.

Pending the issuance of definitive bonds, temporary or interim bonds, certificates, or receipts of any denomination and with or without coupons attached may be issued as may be provided by the resolution.


[1984 c 7 302; 1973 c 106 28; 1970 ex.s. c 56 65; 1969 ex.s. c 232 34; 1961 c 13 47.60.060. Prior: 1949 c 179 4, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-33, part.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.

Purpose -- 1970 ex.s. c 56: See note following RCW 39.52.020.


Validation -- Saving -- Severability -- 1969 ex.s. c 232: See notes following RCW 39.52.020.







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47.60.080
Determining amount of bonds to be issued.
In determining the amount of bonds required to be issued there may be included any expenses incurred by the department in connection with and incidental to the issuance and sale of bonds and for the preparation of surveys and estimates and making inspections and examinations, interest during the estimated construction period, and for six months thereafter, and a reasonable amount for working capital and prepaid insurance.


[1984 c 7 303; 1961 c 13 47.60.080. Prior: 1949 c 179 4, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-33, part.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.090
Sale of bonds Deposit, disbursement of proceeds.
All bonds issued under or by authority of this chapter shall be sold to the highest and best bidder after such advertising for bids as the department deems proper. However, the department may reject any and all bids so submitted and thereafter sell such bonds so advertised under such terms and conditions as it deems most advantageous to its own interests. The purchase price of all bonds issued under this chapter shall be paid to the state treasurer consistent with the provisions of the resolution pursuant to which the bonds have been issued or to the trustee designated in the bond resolution and held as a separate trust fund to be disbursed on the orders of the department.


[1984 c 7 304; 1961 c 13 47.60.090. Prior: 1949 c 179 4, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-33, part.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.100
Bonds are legal investment for state moneys.
Notwithstanding any other provision of the law, bonds issued by the authority shall be legal investments by the state investment board of any state moneys in its hands, except permanent school funds and motor vehicle funds.


[1981 c 3 40; 1961 c 13 47.60.100. Prior: 1953 c 154 14; 1951 c 259 3; 1951 c 121 14; 1949 c 179 8; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-37.]

Notes: Effective dates -- Severability -- 1981 c 3: See notes following RCW 43.33A.010.






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47.60.110
Bondholders may compel performance.
The holder of any bond or the trustee for any bonds designated by resolution may by mandamus or other appropriate proceeding require and compel performance of any duties imposed upon any state department, official or employee, including any duties imposed upon or undertaken by the authority or its officers, agents and employees in connection with the construction, maintenance and operation of the ferry system and in connection with the collection, deposit, investment, application and disbursement of the proceeds of the bonds and the revenue and income derived from the operation of the system.


[1961 c 13 47.60.110. Prior: 1949 c 179 4, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-33, part.]




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47.60.113
Refunding bonds Authorization Amount Interest Conditions.
The department is authorized to refund, at the maturity thereof, or before the maturity thereof if they are subject to call prior to maturity or if all of the holders thereof consent thereto, upon such terms and conditions as it deems best, any or all of its revenue bonds now or hereafter outstanding, issued for the purpose of acquiring, constructing, or reconstructing any toll bridge, toll road, toll tunnel, ferry system, or any other toll facility of any sort, or issued for the purpose of refunding such bonds, which revenue bonds are payable out of all or part of the revenues of the toll facility. Refunding bonds may be issued hereunder in a sufficient amount to provide additional funds for acquiring, constructing, reconstructing, rehabilitating, rebuilding, enlarging, or improving any toll bridge, toll road, toll tunnel, ferry system, or any other toll facility of any sort, and to pay all refunding costs and expenses and to provide adequate reserves for the toll facility and for any such refunding bonds. Various issues and series of such outstanding bonds, including refunding bonds, may be combined and refunded by a single issue of refunding bonds. The refunding bonds shall bear interest at such rates and mature at such times, without limitation by the interest rates or maturity of the bonds being refunded, and shall contain such other covenants and conditions as the department determines by resolution.


[1984 c 7 305; 1961 c 13 47.60.113. Prior: 1957 c 152 1; 1955 c 17 1.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.114
Refunding bonds Payable from revenues.
Any refunding bonds authorized by this chapter constitute obligations of the department only and not of the state of Washington. They shall be payable solely out of all or such part of the revenues derived from the operation of the toll bridge, toll road, toll tunnel, ferry system, or any other toll facility, as shall be provided in the resolution authorizing the issuance of the refunding bonds.


[1984 c 7 306; 1961 c 13 47.60.114. Prior: 1957 c 152 2; 1955 c 17 2.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.115
Refunding bonds Disposition Laws applicable.
The bonds herein authorized shall, in the discretion of the department, be exchanged at the best possible price for the bonds being refunded, or any such bonds not exchanged shall be sold in the manner provided in RCW 47.60.090. The bonds herein authorized shall be issued in accordance with, and shall be subject to, the provisions of RCW 47.60.050, 47.60.060, 47.60.080, 47.60.100, 47.60.110, and 47.60.120.


[1983 c 3 134; 1961 c 13 47.60.115. Prior: 1957 c 152 3; 1955 c 17 3.]




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47.60.120
Other crossings Infringement of existing franchises Waivers (as amended by 2003 c 83).
(1) If the department acquires or constructs, maintains, and operates any ferry crossings upon or toll bridges over Puget Sound or any of its tributary or connecting waters, there shall not be constructed, operated, or maintained any other ferry crossing upon or bridge over any such waters within ten miles of any such crossing or bridge operated or maintained by the department excepting such bridges or ferry crossings in existence, and being operated and maintained under a lawfully issued franchise at the time of the location of the ferry crossing or construction of the toll bridge by the department.

(2) The ten-mile distance in subsection (1) of this section means ten statute miles measured by airline distance. The ten-mile restriction shall be applied by comparing the two end points (termini) of a state ferry crossing to those of a private ferry crossing.

(3) The Washington utilities and transportation commission may, upon written petition of a commercial ferry operator certificated or applying for certification under chapter 81.84 RCW, and upon notice and hearing, grant a waiver from the ten-mile restriction. The waiver must not be detrimental to the public interest. In making a decision to waive the ten-mile restriction, the commission shall consider, but is not limited to, the impact of the waiver on transportation congestion mitigation, air quality improvement, and the overall impact on the Washington state ferry system. The commission shall act upon a request for a waiver within ninety days after the conclusion of the hearing. A waiver is effective for a period of five years from the date of issuance. At the end of five years the waiver becomes permanent unless appealed within thirty days by the commission on its own motion, the department, or an interested party.

(4) The department shall not maintain and operate any ferry crossing or toll bridge over Puget Sound or any of its tributary or connecting waters that would infringe upon any franchise lawfully issued by the state and in existence and being exercised at the time of the location of the ferry crossing or toll bridge by the department, without first acquiring the rights granted to such franchise holder under the franchise.

(5) This section does not apply to the operation of passenger-only ferry service by public transportation benefit areas meeting the requirements of RCW 36.57A.200 or to the operation of passenger-only ferry service by ferry districts.


[2003 c 83 204; 1993 c 427 1; 1984 c 7 307; 1961 c 13 47.60.120 . Prior: 1949 c 179 6; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-35.]

Notes: Findings -- Intent -- Captions, part headings not law -- Severability -- Effective date -- 2003 c 83: See notes following RCW 36.57A.200.

RCW 47.60

Other crossings Infringement of existing franchises Waivers (as amended by 2003 c 373).
(1) If the department acquires or constructs, maintains, and operates any ferry crossings upon or toll bridges over Puget Sound or any of its tributary or connecting waters, there shall not be constructed, operated, or maintained any other ferry crossing upon or bridge over any such waters within ten miles of any such crossing or bridge operated or maintained by the department excepting such bridges or ferry crossings in existence, and being operated and maintained under a lawfully issued franchise at the time of the location of the ferry crossing or construction of the toll bridge by the department.

(2) The ten-mile distance in subsection (1) of this section means ten statute miles measured by airline distance. The ten-mile restriction shall be applied by comparing the two end points (termini) of a state ferry crossing to those of a private ferry crossing.

(3) The Washington utilities and transportation commission may, upon written petition of a commercial ferry operator certificated or applying for certification under chapter 81.84 RCW, and upon notice and hearing, grant a waiver from the ten-mile restriction. The waiver must not be detrimental to the public interest. In making a decision to waive the ten-mile restriction, the commission shall consider, but is not limited to, the impact of the waiver on transportation congestion mitigation, air quality improvement, and the overall impact on the Washington state ferry system. The commission shall act upon a request for a waiver within ninety days after the conclusion of the hearing. A waiver is effective for a period of five years from the date of issuance. At the end of five years the waiver becomes permanent unless appealed within thirty days by the commission on its own motion, the department, or an interested party.

(4) The department shall not maintain and operate any ferry crossing or toll bridge over Puget Sound or any of its tributary or connecting waters that would infringe upon any franchise lawfully issued by the state and in existence and being exercised at the time of the location of the ferry crossing or toll bridge by the department, without first acquiring the rights granted to such franchise holder under the franchise.

(5) This section does not apply to operators of passenger-only ferry service.


[2003 c 373 2; 1993 c 427 1; 1984 c 7 307; 1961 c 13 47.60.120. Prior: 1949 c 179 6; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-35.]

Notes: Reviser's note: RCW 47.60.120 was amended twice during the 2003 legislative session, each without reference to the other. For rule of construction concerning sections amended more than once during the same legislative session, see RCW 1.12.025.

Findings -- Intent -- 2003 c 373: See note following RCW 47.64.090.


Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.







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47.60.122
Ferries, terminal facilities Interim revenue warrants authorized.
For the purpose of paying the cost of acquiring, constructing, or reconstructing ferries or ferry terminal facilities, and all costs which may be incurred in connection therewith, the department is authorized to issue interim revenue warrants, which shall constitute obligations only of the department, and which shall not be obligations of the state of Washington. Such warrants shall be payable solely out of part or all of the revenues derived from the operation of the Puget Sound ferry system as shall be provided in the resolution authorizing their issuance, and shall be drawn upon, and the principal thereof and interest thereon shall be payable out of, such fund or funds as shall be created in and provided by the resolution. The warrants may be interest-bearing coupon warrants with a fixed maturity date, or may be interest-bearing registered warrants payable in order of their issuance whenever there is sufficient money in the fund upon which they were drawn to redeem any of them.


[1984 c 7 308; 1961 c 13 47.60.122. Prior: 1953 c 159 1.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.124
Revenue refunding bonds to redeem interim warrants.
If it is deemed advisable or found necessary to redeem any or all of such warrants, the department is authorized to issue its revenue refunding bonds for that purpose. The bonds shall constitute obligations only of the department, and shall not be obligations of the state of Washington. The refunding bonds shall be payable solely out of part or all of the revenues derived from the operation of the Puget Sound ferry system as shall be provided in the resolution authorizing their issuance.


[1984 c 7 309; 1961 c 13 47.60.124. Prior: 1953 c 159 2.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.126
Interim warrants and refunding bonds Laws applicable.
All provisions of chapter 47.60 RCW pertaining and applicable to the revenue bonds of the department authorized in that chapter are applicable to the warrants and revenue refunding bonds authorized herein except insofar as otherwise provided by RCW 47.60.122 through 47.60.126.


[1984 c 7 310; 1961 c 13 47.60.126. Prior: 1953 c 159 3.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.130
Unit or combined operation Continuous project Rental, charter, lease of system property Sale of unneeded property.
Such ferry system, including any toll bridges, approaches, and roadways incidental thereto, may be financed and operated in combination or separately as one or more units as the department of transportation may determine, and such ferry system together with any toll bridge hereafter constructed by the department upon or across the waters of Puget Sound or Hood Canal, or any part of either, replacing one or more presently operated ferry routes, is declared to be a continuous project within the meaning of RCW 47.56.070. The department is empowered to rent, lease, or charter any property acquired under this chapter. If the department determines that any real property (including lands, improvements thereon, and any interests or estates) originally acquired for the ferry system is no longer required for the purposes of the ferry system, the department shall offer it for sale in the manner and with the authority authorized to the department by RCW 47.12.063 or 47.12.283. The secretary of transportation may adopt rules further implementing this section. The proceeds of all such sales shall be paid into the separate trust fund of the state treasury established pursuant to RCW 47.60.150.


[1979 ex.s. c 189 6; 1973 1st ex.s. c 177 5; 1961 c 13 47.60.130. Prior: 1955 c 22 1; 1953 c 32 1; 1949 c 179 3, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-32, part.]

Notes: Effective date -- 1979 ex.s. c 189: See note following RCW 47.12.283.






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47.60.135
Charter of state ferries Hazardous materials.
(1) The charter use of Washington State Ferry vessels when established route operations and normal user requirements are not disrupted is permissible. In establishing chartering agreements, Washington State Ferries shall consider the special needs of local communities and interested parties. Washington State Ferries shall use sound business judgment and be sensitive to the interests of existing private enterprises.

(2) Consistent with the policy as established in subsection (1) of this section, the chief executive officer of the Washington State Ferries may approve agreements for the chartering of Washington State Ferry vessels to groups or individuals, including hazardous material transporters, in accordance with the following:

(a) Vessels may be committed to charter only when established route operation and normal user requirements are not disrupted or inconvenienced. If a vessel is engaged in the transport of hazardous materials, the transporter shall pay for all legs necessary to complete the charter, even if the vessel is simultaneously engaged in an operational voyage on behalf of Washington State Ferries.

(b) Charter rates for vessels must be established at actual vessel operating costs plus a market-rate profit margin. Actual vessel operating costs include, but are not limited to, all labor, fuel, and vessel maintenance costs incurred due to the charter agreement, including deadheading and standby.

(c) Parties chartering Washington State Ferry vessels shall comply with all applicable laws, rules, and regulations during the charter voyage, and failure to so comply is cause for immediate termination of the charter voyage.


[2003 c 374 1; 1997 c 323 2.]

Notes: Finding -- 1997 c 323: "The legislature finds that when established route operations and normal user requirements are not disrupted Washington state ferries may be used for the transportation of hazardous materials under the chartering procedures and rates described in RCW 47.60.135." [1997 c 323 1.]






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47.60.140
System as self-liquidating undertaking Powers of department Concessions.
(1) The department is empowered to operate such ferry system, including all operations, whether intrastate or international, upon any route or routes, and toll bridges as a revenue-producing and self-liquidating undertaking. The department has full charge of the construction, rehabilitation, rebuilding, enlarging, improving, operation, and maintenance of the ferry system, including toll bridges, approaches, and roadways incidental thereto that may be authorized by the department, including the collection of tolls and other charges for the services and facilities of the undertaking. The department has the exclusive right to enter into leases and contracts for use and occupancy by other parties of the concessions and space located on the ferries, wharves, docks, approaches, parking lots, and landings, including the selling of commercial advertising space and licenses to use the Washington State Ferries trademarks, but, except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, no such leases or contracts may be entered into for more than ten years, nor without a competitive contract process, except as otherwise provided in this section. The competitive process shall be either an invitation for bids in accordance with the process established by chapter 43.19 RCW, or a request for proposals in accordance with the process established by RCW 47.56.030. All revenues from commercial advertising, concessions, parking, leases, and contracts must be deposited in the Puget Sound ferry operations account in accordance with RCW 47.60.150.

(2) As part of a joint development agreement under which a public or private developer constructs or installs improvements on ferry system property, the department may lease all or part of such property and improvements to such developers for that period of time, not to exceed fifty-five years, or not to exceed thirty years for those areas located within harbor areas, which the department determines is necessary to allow the developer to make reasonable recovery on its initial investment. Any lease entered into as provided for in this subsection that involves state aquatic lands shall conform with the Washington state Constitution and applicable statutory requirements as determined by the department of natural resources. That portion of the lease rate attributable to the state aquatic lands shall be distributed in the same manner as other lease revenues derived from state aquatic lands as provided in *RCW 79.24.580.

(3) The department shall include in the strategic planning and performance assessment process, as required by RCW 43.88.090, an analysis of the compatibility of public and private partnerships with the state ferry system's core business, and the department's efforts to maximize nonfarebox revenues and provide benefit to the public users of the ferry system facilities. The department shall include an assessment of the need for an open solicitation to identify and select possible public or private partnerships in order to maximize the value of projects and the state's investment in current and future ferry system operations.

(a) When the department determines that an open solicitation is necessary, a request for proposal shall be released, consisting of an open solicitation outlining functional specifications to be used as the basis for selecting partnerships in the project.

(b) Any responses to the request for proposal shall be evaluated, at a minimum, on the basis of compatibility with the state ferry system's core business, potential to maximize nonfarebox revenue, longevity of the possible partnership commitment, and benefit to the public users of the ferry system facilities.

(c) If no responses are received, or those that are received are incompatible with ferry system operations, or do not meet the criteria stated in (b) of this subsection, the state ferry system may proceed with state ferry system operating strategies designed to achieve state ferry system objectives without established partnerships.


[2003 c 374 2; 1995 1st sp.s. c 4 2; 1987 c 69 1; 1984 c 7 311; 1965 ex.s. c 170 58; 1961 c 13 47.60.140 . Prior: 1951 c 259 1; 1949 c 179 5, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-34, part.]

Notes: *Reviser's note: RCW 79.24.580 was recodified as RCW 79.90.245 pursuant to 2003 c 334 569. RCW 79.90.245 was subsequently recodified as RCW 79.105.150 pursuant to 2005 c 155 1003.

Effective date -- 1995 1st sp.s. c 4: See note following RCW 47.56.030.


Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.







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47.60.145
Historic ferries Acquisition by qualified persons or organizations.
(1) An "historic ferry" is any vessel in the Washington state ferries fleet which has been listed in the Washington state register of historic places.

(2) When the department of transportation determines that an historic ferry is surplus to the needs of Washington state ferries, the department shall call for proposals from persons who wish to acquire the historic ferry. Proposals for the acquisition of an historic ferry shall be accepted only from persons or organizations that (a) are a governmental entity or a nonprofit corporation or association dedicated to the preservation of historic properties; (b) agree to a contract approved by the state historic preservation officer, which requires the preservation and maintenance of the historic ferry and provides that title to the ferry reverts to the state if the secretary of transportation determines that the contract has been violated; and (c) demonstrate the administrative and financial ability successfully to comply with the contract.

(3) The department shall evaluate the qualifying proposals and shall select the proposal which is most advantageous to the state. Factors to be considered in making the selection shall include but not be limited to:

(a) Extent and quality of restoration;

(b) Retention of original design and use;

(c) Public access to the vessel;

(d) Provisions for historical interpretation;

(e) Monetary return to the state.

(4) If there are no qualifying proposals, an historic ferry shall be disposed of in the manner provided by state law.


[1982 c 210 1.]

Notes: Severability -- 1982 c 210: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1982 c 210 2.]

Archaeology and historic preservation, office of: Chapter 27.34 RCW.






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47.60.150
Fixing of charges Deposit of revenues.
Subject to the provisions of RCW 47.60.326, the schedule of charges for the services and facilities of the system shall be fixed and revised from time to time by the commission so that the tolls and other revenues deposited in the Puget Sound ferry operations account for maintenance and operation, and all moneys in the Puget Sound capital construction account available for debt service will yield annual revenue and income sufficient, after allowance for all operating, maintenance, and repair expenses to pay the interest and principal and sinking fund charges for all outstanding revenue bonds, and to create and maintain a fund for ordinary renewals and replacements: PROVIDED, That if provision is made by any resolution for the issuance of revenue bonds for the creation and maintenance of a special fund for rehabilitating, rebuilding, enlarging, or improving all or any part of the ferry system then such schedule of tolls and rates of charges shall be fixed and revised so that the revenue and income will also be sufficient to comply with such provision.

All income and revenues as collected by the ferry system from any source shall be paid to the state treasurer for the account of the department and deposited into the Puget Sound ferry operations account. Nothing in this section requires tolls on the Hood Canal bridge except as may be required by any bond covenants.


[2003 c 374 3; 1999 c 94 26; 1990 c 42 405. Prior: 1986 c 66 2; 1986 c 23 1; 1983 c 3 135; 1972 ex.s. c 24 5; 1961 c 13 47.60.150; prior: 1949 c 179 5, part; Rem. Supp. 1949 6584-34, part.]

Notes: Legislative finding -- Effective dates -- 1999 c 94: See notes following RCW 43.84.092.

Purpose -- Headings -- Severability -- Effective dates -- Application -- Implementation -- 1990 c 42: See notes following RCW 82.36.025.


Effective date -- 1986 c 66: "This act shall take effect July 1, 1987. The secretary of transportation may immediately take such steps as are necessary to ensure that this act is implemented on its effective date." [1986 c 66 14.]


Effective date -- 1986 c 23: "This act shall take effect on July 1, 1987. The secretary of transportation may immediately take such steps as may be necessary to insure that this act is implemented on its effective date." [1986 c 23 2.]







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47.60.170
Ferries revolving fund Deposit of excess funds.
Nothing in RCW 47.60.150 forbids the establishment by the department of a Washington state ferries revolving fund of not to exceed six hundred thousand dollars from the proceeds of any bonds sold under the provisions of this chapter. The fund may be deposited by the department in such banks or financial institutions as it may select throughout the state. RCW 43.01.050 does not apply to the fund or any deposits therein made by the department under this section. The department may deposit all moneys received under this chapter in the fund. All expenses whatsoever arising in the operations of the Puget Sound ferry system shall be paid from the fund, if established, by check or voucher in such manner as may be prescribed by the department.

All moneys received by the department or any employee under the foregoing sections of this chapter, except an amount of petty cash for each day's needs as fixed by the regulation of the department, shall each day and as often during the day as advisable, be deposited in the nearest authorized depositary selected by the department under this section.

Whenever the fund exceeds six hundred thousand dollars, the department shall forthwith transmit the excess to the state treasurer for deposit in the trust fund established by RCW 47.60.150.


[1984 c 7 313; 1970 ex.s. c 85 6; 1961 c 13 47.60.170. Prior: 1951 c 259 13.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.

Effective date -- 1970 ex.s. c 85: See note following RCW 47.60.500.







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47.60.200
Consent to liability not general liability of state.
Any consent to liability given under the provisions of this chapter creates liability of the department only and does not create any general liability of the state.


[1984 c 7 314; 1961 c 13 47.60.200. Prior: 1951 c 259 5.]

Notes: Severability -- 1984 c 7: See note following RCW 47.01.141.






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47.60.210
Seamen may sue for injuries Venue.
The state consents to suits against the department by seamen for injuries occurring upon vessels of the department in accordance with the provisions of section 688, title 46, of the United States code. The venue of such actions may be in the superior court for Thurston county or the county where the injury occurred. (continued)