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United States Regulations
32 CFR PART 650—ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ENHANCEMENT (AR 200–1)
Title 32: National Defense
PART 650—ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ENHANCEMENT (AR 200–1)
Authority: 10 U.S.C. 3012.
Source: 42 FR 65026, Dec. 29, 1977, unless otherwise noted.
§ 650.1 Purpose.
This regulation prescribes policies, assigns responsibilities, and establishes procedures for the protection and preservation of environmental quality for the Department of the Army in peacetime.
§ 650.2 Applicability.
This regulation applies to: (a) All active, semiactive, and Army Reserve installations and activities located in the United States.
(b) National Guard installations and sites supported with Federally appropriated funds.
(c) Army installations and activities overseas in accordance with the general provisions set forth in §650.5(c).
(d) Contractor activities and lessees located on real property in the United States under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Army.
(e) The Civil Works activities under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Army and implemented by the Chief of Engineers are excluded from the provisions of this regulation. Separate environmental regulations promulgated for Civil Works activities by the Chief of Engineers (COE) are found generally in 33 CFR chapter II and Engineering Regulations.
§ 650.3 Explanation of terms.
For the purpose of this regulation, the following apply:
(a) Facility. (AR 310–25.) Facilities include buildings, installations, structures, public works, equipment, aircraft, vessels, and other vehicles and property under the control of or constructed or manufactured for leasing to the Army.
(b) Environmental quality standard. The Federal, State and regional quality standards adopted pursuant to the Clean Air Act; Water Pollution Control Act, Noise Control Act and other Federal statutes established for the protection and enhancement of environmental quality.
(c) Environmental performance specifications. Permissible limits of emissions, discharges, or other values applicable to activities which would provide for conformance to environmental quality standards to protect health and welfare.
(d) Environmental pollution. The condition resulting from the presence of chemical, physical, radiological, or biological forces which alter the natural environment and thus adversely affect human health or the quality of life, biosystems, structures and equipment, recreational opportunity, aesthetics, and natural beauty.
(e) Environmental enhancement. All actions taken to improve the environment, including but not limited to, those to abate environmental pollution and meet environmental quality standards and performance specifications.
(f) Substantive standards and limitations. The qualitative and quantitative pollution control provisions contained in approved State implementation plans promulgated under Federal environmental protection statutes.
(g) United States. The 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
(h) Installation. A grouping of facilities, located in the same vicinity, which support particular functions.
(i) Activity. A unit, organization or installation performing a function or mission.
§ 650.4 Goal.
It is the Department of the Army's goal to plan, initiate, and carry out all actions and programs to minimize the adverse effects on the quality of the human environment without impairment to the Army's mission. Inherent in this goal is the requirement to achieve the following objectives:
(a) Eliminate the discharge of potentially harmful pollutants produced by Army activities.
(b) Conserve and wisely use natural and material resources provided for use throughout the Army.
(c) Maintain, restore, and enhance the natural and manmade environment in terms of its visual attractiveness and productivity.
(d) Demonstrate initiative and leadership in the formulation and execution of a program that contributes to the national goal of preserving and enhancing the environment.
§ 650.5 Policy.
(a) All Department of Defense agencies are required to—
(1) Comply with the provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act and all other Federal environmental laws, executive orders, and regulations.
(2) Demonstrate leadership in environmental pollution abatement and enhancement of the environment consistent with the security interests of the Nation.
(b) The Department of the Army policy is that—(1) The achievement of environmental objectives is an integral part of the Army mission.
(2) The environmental consequences of any proposed action will be considered during the planning process and will be evaluated along with the technical and economic factors in the decisionmaking process.
(3) A detailed environmental impact statement will be prepared and processed in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act when an environmental assessment reveals that the proposed action may significantly affect the quality of the human environment, is highly environmentally controversial, or is anticipated to evoke litigation based upon environmental issues. “Environmentally controversial” relates to cases in which substantive disagreement, real or purported, exists as to the extent, nature, or effect of the action on the environment.
(4) Insofar as essential mission constraints, permit, all programs and actions will be planned, initiated, or carried out in a manner to minimize polluting or degrading the environment.
(5) All activities subject to Federal, State, or local regulation will be conducted in accordance with applicable standards and monitored to insure compliance with such standards.
(6) All material and energy resources will be procured and used in a manner that will minimize the emission of pollutants and the production of wastes in keeping with the national policies for energy conservation. Wastes generated will be reprocessed or reclaimed for other productive uses to the maximum extent practicable.
(7) An understanding of the urgent need to preserve and restore the natural environment and to conserve material resources and an appreciation of the Army's support of the environmental protection effort will be fostered throughout the Army. Initiative, leadership, and cooperation in achieving these environmental objectives are encouraged of all personnel.
(8) Commanders will cooperate, to the extent practicable, in beneficial community environmental action programs.
(9) Historic and cultural sites, structures, and objects under Army jurisdiction will be preserved, restored, and maintained for the benefit and enjoyment of future generations.
(10) An integrated, multiuse, natural resources, land management program will be conducted for forests and woodlands, fish and wildlife, open space, soil, water, vegetation, outdoor recreation, natural beauty, and increased public access and nonconsumptive utilization on lands under Army jurisdiction within the provisions of AR 405–80 and AR 420–74.
(c) At locations outside the United States, Department of the Army activities will comply with the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act as set forth in subpart B of this part and conform at all times to the environmental quality standards of the host country, international agreements, and Status of Forces Agreements. The provisions of this regulation will be used, to the extent applicable, in fulfilling environmental protection requirements in overseas locations.
(d) When, in the interest of national defense, it is not considered practicable to comply with the foregoing policies, the matter will be referred with full particulars to HQDA (DAEN-ZCE), WASH DC 20310.
§ 650.6 Implementing guidance.
Guidance for implementing DA environmental policies are—(a) The environment must be considered as a single, integrated system characterized by the continuous interaction of air, land, and water.
(b) For planning purposes, the environmental system will be regarded as closed; nothing can be thrown away. Wastes must be either recycled and reclaimed or confined and contained so they will not migrate to re-emerge in pollutant form.
(c) Pollutants are potential resources which are out of place.
§ 650.7 Responsibilities.
(a) Army Environmental Council will—
(1) Review and redirect, as necessary, Army environmental policy and programs to insure the Army fulfills its responsibility under the National Environmental Policy Act and other Federal laws and regulations pertaining to pollution control and environmental protection.
(2) Provide policy guidance on those matters which fall within the cognizance of the Council and on such matters as referred for consideration by the Secretariat or the Army Staff.
(b) Army Environmental Committee will assist the Army Environmental Council by—
(1) Proposing new environmental policies and programs as directed by the Council.
(2) Serving as a forum for the exchange of information and ideas related to the formulation of the Army Environmental Program.
(3) Assisting in the resolution of interagency problems on environmental matters.
(4) Assisting in the formulation of Army-wide implementing instructions for the Army Environmental Program.
(5) Maintaining surveillance over the ongoing Army Environmental Program and activities.
(6) Reviewing Army Environmental Impact Statements and requests for exemption from Federal and State pollution control standards prior to formal approval by the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works).
(7) Providing reports and information as directed by the Army Environmental Council.
(c) Chief of Engineers will—
(1) Exercise primary Army Staff responsibility for directing and coordinating environmental activities within the Army.
(2) Recommend such actions as will enable DA to comply with the intent, purposes, and procedures of the National Environmental Policy Act and other Federal legislation relative to environmental quality.
(3) Apply Army environmental policy and direct programs so that applicable environmental and pollution control laws and regulations are observed in the acquisition, construction, operations, and disposal of real property.
(4) Maintain positive surveillance over and report progress of the design and construction of pollution control facilities for Army installations.
(5) Insure that environmental research and development (R&D) projects fully support the environmental program goals.
(6) Promote participation by engineer troop units in the Army's environmental program.
(7) Provide technical and engineering assistance on the pollution control aspects of construction and the Real Property Maintenance Activities.
(8) Prepare an annual Department of the Army Environmental Quality Status Report (§§650.9 and 650.11).
(9) Conduct, with the assistance of the Army Staff agencies concerned, a continuing review of DA statutory authority, administrative regulations, policies, procedures, and programs (including those relating to loans, grants, contracts, leases, licenses, or permits) to eliminate deficiencies or inconsistencies which might prohibit or limit full compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, Executive Orders 11514 and 11752, DoD Instruction 4120.14 and DoD Directives 4150.7, 5030.41, 5100.50, 6050.1 and 6050.2.
(d) The Surgeon General will—
(1) Monitor, evaluate, and disseminate data on health and welfare aspects of environmental pollution within the Department of the Army to ensure that the required degree of environmental enhancement is maintained.
(2) Provide health and medical policy guidance in respect to instructions and recommendations received from other Federal agencies assigned responsibility for environmental enhancement at Federal installations.
(3) Provide personnel for conducting field investigations and special studies concerning environmental pollution and recommend enhancement measures required for protection of health.
(4) Provide technical assistance and guidance on the health and environmental aspects of management and disposal of hazardous and toxic materials.
(5) Provide technical consultation to the Office, Chief of Engineers (OCE) and appropriate commanders on health aspects in the development of environmental enhancement policy and programs.
(e) The Chief of Information will—
(1) Ensure that the public is informed of the Army's accomplishments in environmental protection and enhancement.
(2) Develop and execute a command information program designed to stimulate understanding and participation by all Army personnel.
(f) Heads of Army Staff agencies will—
(1) Integrate environmental considerations into regularly assigned staff management functions and activities to insure compliance with applicable pollution control and environmental protection laws and to demonstrate the Army's leadership in the national effort to preserve the environment.
(2) Ensure that the environmental consequences of each proposed project, program regulation, or action for which they are the Army Staff proponent are assessed at an early stage of planning and are made an integral part of the decisionmaking process. Further, ensure that environmental damage is mitigated to the maximum extent feasible.
(g) Major Army commanders will—
(1) Establish an organizational structure to plan, execute, and monitor environmental programs.
(2) Formulate and execute an environmental program which fully supports the achievement of the Army's environmental goals and objectives.
(3) Monitor and control the environmental projects and activities of the subordinate commands and the installations and activities under their jurisdiction.
(4) Review, consolidate, and forward to higher authority, reports from subordinate installations and activities concerning their environmental projects and activities.
(h) Army installation and activity commanders will—
(1) Establish an organizational structure to plan, execute, and monitor environmental programs.
(2) Formulate and execute an environmental program based on the policies set forth in §650.5 to achieve the Army's environmental goals and objectives.
(3) Cooperate with State and local authorities in formulation and execution of projects and activities required to bring an installation into compliance with applicable Federal, State, and regional pollution control standards.
(4) Integrate environmental protection and preservation activities, to the fullest extent feasible, into the planning and execution of the command's basic mission.
(5) Report, as required, to major commanders on the progress and effectiveness of environmental projects and activities to detect, quantify, and correct pollution sources in accordance with published laws, standards, and guidelines.
§ 650.8 Installation, State and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) relationships.
(a) Federal installations are not required to comply with State or local administrative procedures with respect to pollution abatement and control. However, the majority of Federal environmental protection statutes contain provisions that require compliance with Federal, State, interstate and local substantive standards and limitations.
(b) Permits required by Federal statute, notably the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits, will be obtained from the Environmental Protection Agency in accordance with regulations promulgated pursuant to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and the guidance contained in this regulation.
(c) Compliance schedules required by State Implementation plan for air pollution control, reflecting the major increments of progress for projects designed to meet specified standards, will be negotiated with State regulatory authorities and coordinated with the Regional Office of EPA. When established, such compliance schedules are enforceable and may only be changed by renegotiation.
(d) Performance reports as specified in this regulation on the operation of wastewater treatment facilities, sources of air pollutant emissions, oil spills and such other reports as may be directed by DAEN-ZCE will be submitted to EPA regional authorities, as appropriate, who in turn will transmit appropriate information to State authorities. Requests for substantive reports not provided for by this regulation will be promptly referred to HQDA (DAEN-ZCE) Washington, DC 20310 for guidance.
(e) Military authorities are to cooperate fully with EPA, State, regional and local authorities requesting access to Army installations for the purpose of inspecting pollution control facilities and activities.
§ 650.9 Annual Status Report on Environmental Programs and Activities (RCS DD-I&L (A) 1269).
HQDA (DAEN-ZCE) will prepare the DA Annual Status Report on Environmental Programs and Activities (RCS DD-I&L (A) 1269). The DA report will include information on the programs and activities of the major Army commands, the Army Reserve, and the Army National Guard.
(a) Major Army commanders will submit an annual report to DAEN-ZCE not later than February 15, covering actions and activities of the preceding calendar year. The command report should be based on feeder reports from active and semi-active installations. Command and installation reports will include the information outlined in §650.11 to the extent that it is applicable. Further, the installation report will contain information identified in §650.11 (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h) and (i) for tenant activities and satellited Army Reserve facilities.
(b) The State adjutants will submit an annual report to the Chief, National Guard Bureau not later than February 1. Negative reports are required. The Chief, National Guard Bureau will consolidate and forward reports containing facilities/sites that are not in compliance with Federal/State standards to HQDA (DAEN-ZCE) WASH DC 20310 not later than February 15. The report will contain the following information:
(1) Status of compliance with Federal/State pollution control standards for those facilities/sites which receive support from federally appropriated funds. Those not in compliance will be listed separately with the reasons for noncompliance.
(2) Status of programs and actions by facility/site currently ongoing that will bring the facility/site into compliance with Federal/State pollution control requirements.
(3) Those requirements along with estimated cost needed to bring facilities/sites not addressed in paragraph (b)(2) of this section into compliance with Federal/State pollution control standards.
(4) Significant accomplishments by ARNG units to protect and enhance the environment.
(c) Commander in Chief USAREUR; Commanders, Eighth US Army, and US Army, Japan will submit an annual report covering only those elements of §650.11 which may be applicable. This should include an analysis of the scope of host nation environmental quality laws and regulations, their impact on US Army installations and activities, status of compliance with specific host nation requirements, and a summary of plans to correct any deficiencies.
§ 650.10 Environmental Quality Award.
(a) Secretary of Defense award. The Secretary of Defense presents an annual award to the Department of Defense installation which conducted the best environmental quality program during the preceding calendar year and give recognition to other installations having particularly noteworthy programs. Department of the Army nominees will be selected by the Army Environmental Council from the list of Active Army installations nominated to receive the Secretary of the Army Award.
(b) Secretary of the Army Award. The Secretary of the Army will present an Environmental Quality Award to the Army installation that evidences the most noteworthy contribution to protecting and preserving the quality of the environment. The basis of selection will be the annual Status Report on Environmental Programs and Activities prepared by an installation and used as a feeder report by the major command to its overall report (RCS DD-I&L (A) 1269, §650.9).
(c) Nominating instructions. (1) Army commanders may nominate active or semiactive installations or separate and distinct geographically identifiable activities (e.g., USA Material Development and Readiness Command (DARCOM) depot activity and subinstallations) as candidate for the Environmental Quality Award, not to exceed the number listed below:
US Army Training and Doctrine Command..................... 3
US Army Forces Command.................................... 3
US Army Materiel Development and Readiness Command........ 3
US Army Health Services Command........................... 1
US Army Military District of Washington................... 1
US Army Intelligence and Security Command................. 1
US Army Communications Command............................ 1
US armies overseas........................................ 1
(2) The list of nominations will be accompanied by six copies of each installation annual report and submitted to HQDA (DAEN-ZCE) WASH DC 20310 by March 31. Reports will be typewritten or printed, fastened or bound in folders approximately 9×11 inches and narrative in style covering the topics in §650.11.
§ 650.11 Reporting requirements.
The annual status reports required under the provisions of §650.9 (RCS DD-I&L (A) 1269) will be prepared, using the following format. Each topic will be addressed in sufficient detail to give the next higher headquarters an understanding of the overall environmental program, specific accomplishments, problem areas, and planned new initiatives.
(a) Environmental protection organization.
(1) Organizational structure for environmental matters.
(2) Staffing and management procedures.
(b) National Environmental Policy Act implementation.
(1) Summary of environmental assessments made.
(2) Environmental impact statements prepared and their status.
(c) Air pollution control.
(1) Status of compliance with applicable air quality standards.
(2) Status of corrective projects.
(3) Summary of litigation actions, if any.
(d) Water pollution control.
(1) Status of National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits requested and issued.
(2) Status of compliance with applicable water quality standards and permit provisions.
(3) Status of corrective projects.
(4) Summary of litigation actions, if any.
(e) Noise pollution control.
(1) Summary of major sources.
(2) Status of corrective measures.
(3) Summary of complaints/litigation, if any.
(f) Radiation pollution control.
(1) Summary of ionizing sources.
(2) Status of protective measures.
(g) Solid waste management.
(1) Summary of waste disposal operations.
(2) Waste recycling (equipment installed and in use, quantities and types of materials recycled, funds derived from sale of waste materials and use made of such funds).
(h) Toxic and hazardous materials management.
(1) Identification of significant toxic materials being controlled.
(2) Summary of types and protective measures for control of oil spills, disposal of toxic chemicals, etc.
(3) Identification of unique problems.
(i) Land management.
(1) Summary of conservation activities (forest, fish and wildlife management, etc.).
(2) Summary of historical and archeological sites and facilities and related preservation activities.
(3) Summary of installation attractiveness program and activities.
(j) Environmental research programs (if applicable).
(1) Summary of ongoing environmental research activities by pollution control media (air, water, etc.).
(2) Summary of technology-application activities.
(3) Identification of new research requirements.
(k) Environmental education, training and information programs.
(1) Status of individual and unit education training activities.
(2) Summary of environmental protection courses given or attended (TRADOC Report will include courses and student attendance at courses in Army School System).
(3) Summary of public information activities.
(l) Environmental enhancement activities.
(1) Summary of environmental enhancement activities and projects conducted in support of Keep America Beautiful, Defense Community Service Program, etc. (includes activities by active and Reserve units).
§ 650.12 Executive Order 11752.
Figure 1–1 is the Presidential Executive Order dated December 17, 1973 1 which sets forth the policy and standards for the prevention, control, and abatement of environmental pollution at DA installations.
1 38 FR 34793, December 19, 1973; 3A CFR, 1973 Comp., p. 240.
§ 650.13 Endangered species.
All matters concerning the Army's policy and regulatory guidance reflecting the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (Pub. L. 93–205) is covered in AR 420–74.
Subpart B—Environmental Considerations in DA Actions [Reserved]
Subpart C—Water Resources Management
§ 650.51 Purpose.
This chapter sets forth guidance and procedure for the DA implementation of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 (FWPCA) (Pub. L. 92–500) and the water pollution control regulations promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and State and regional water pollution control authorities. Additional guidance regarding discharge of hazardous and toxic materials appears in subpart F of this part.
§ 650.52 Goals and objectives.
The Department of Army goal is to conserve water resources and protect them from contamination by controlling all sources of pollutants in accordance with applicable Federal, State or regional standards and vigorously contribute to the attainment of the national goal of eliminating the discharge of pollutants by 1985. Inherent in this goal are the following objectives:
(a) Identify, treat, monitor, control and dispose of all waterborne wastes produced by Army fixed and mobile facilities in accordance with published Federal, State and regional standards.
(b) Conserve water resources used in the conduct of basic activities on all Army installations by instituting economy measures and by reuse when practicable.
(c) Minimize soil erosion and attendant pollution caused by rapid and uncontrolled runoff into streams and rivers.
(d) Provide drinking water that satisfies the potability standards published by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as interpreted by The Surgeon General of the Army (see §650.57).
(e) Comply with the provisions of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Pub. L. 92–500) by obtaining and complying with permits issued by EPA under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) and the Corps of Engineers for the discharge of dredged or fill material.
(f) Comply with the provisions of the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (Pub. L. 92–532) by obtaining and complying with permits issued by EPA for the discharge of any material other than dredged material into ocean waters and by the Corps of Engineers for the discharge of dredged material into ocean waters.
§ 650.53 Explanation of terms.
(a) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). The system for issuing and conditioning permits under a schedule of compliance and denying permits for the discharge of pollutants from point sources into the navigable waters, which is administered by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to sections 402 and 405 of Pub. L. 92–500. The following additional terms have the following meanings with respect to the NPDES program and the FWPCA:
(1) Pollutant. Solid waste, incinerator residue, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials, heat, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, and industrial, municipal, and agricultural waste discharge into water. It does not mean “sewage from vessels.”
(2) Point source. Any discernible, confined and discrete conveyance, including but not limited to any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container, rolling stock, concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other floating craft, from which pollutants are or may be discharged.
(3) Discharge of a pollutant. Any addition of any pollutant to navigable waters from any point source.
(4) Permit. Any permit or equivalent document or requirement issued by the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate the disposal of pollutants.
(5) Schedule of compliance. A schedule of remedial measures including sequence of actions or operations leading to compliance with an effluent limitation, other limitation, prohibition, or standard.
(6) Navigable waters. All navigable waters of the United States (33 CFR part 329); tributaries of navigable waters of the United States; interstate waters; intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams which are utilized by interstate travelers for recreational or other purposes; intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams from which fish or shellfish are taken and sold in interstate commerce; and intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams which are utilized for industrial purposes by industries in interstate commerce.
(b) Treatment works. Any facility, method or system for the storage, treatment, recycling, or reclamation of municipal sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid nature, including waste in combined storm water and sanitary sewer systems.
(c) Material into ocean waters. Matter of any kind or description, but not limited to solid waste, incinerator residue, garbage, sewage, sewage sludge, munitions, radiological, chemical, and biological warfare agents, radioactive materials, chemicals, biological and laboratory waste, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, excavation debris, and industrial, municipal, agricultural, and other waste. It does not mean oil of any kind or in any form, including, but not limited to, petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse, and oil mixed with wastes other than dredge material and does not mean sewage from vessels including human body wastes and wastes from toilets and other receptacles intended to receive or retain body wastes.
(d) Ocean waters. Those waters of the open seas lying seaward of the baseline from which the territorial sea is measured, as provided for in the Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone (15 UST 1606; TIAS 5639).
(e) Dredged material. Any material excavated or dredged from navigable waters.
(f) Fill material. Any material deposited or discharged into navigable waters which may result in creating fastlands or other planned elevations of lands beneath navigable waters of the United States.
(g) Marine sanitation devices. The following definitions apply to Marine Sanitation Devices:
(1) Marine sanitation device (MSD). Any equipment for installation in a vessel which is designated to receive, retain, treat or discharge sewage, and any process to treat sewage. Four types of marine sanitation devices are defined:
(i) Type I. A “flow-through” MSD certified by a DOD Component or the US Coast Guard as being capable of producing an effluent with a fecal coliform bacterial count of not more than 1,000 per 100 milliliters and no visible floating solids.
(ii) Type II. A “flow-through” MSD certified by a DOD Component or the US Coast Guard as being capable of producing an effluent with a fecal coliform baterial count of not more than 200 per 100 milliliters and total suspended solids of not more than 150 milligrams per liter.
(iii) Type III-A. A “nonflow-through” MSD which is designed to treat and hold the treated sewage. This type would include reduced-flush devices which ultimately evaporate or incinerate the sewage to a sterile sludge or ash.
(iv) Type III-B. A collection, holding, and transfer (CHT) system, consisting of: Drain piping, holding tanks, pumps, valves, connectors, and other equipment used to collect and hold shipboard sewage waste for subsequent transfer to a shore sewage system, sewage barge, or for overboard discharge in unrestricted waters. Also known as Type III-B MSD.
(2) Flow-through device. Any marine sanitation device (Type I or Type II) which discharges treated sewage waste overboard.
(3) Nonflow-through device. Any marine sanitation device (Type III) which collects, holds and/or treats sewage or holds the untreated or treated sewage onboard for disposal in legal areas or for transfer to proper shore facilities. This type includes those devices which collect, evaporate or incinerate the sewage to a sterile sludge or ash, as well as collection and holding systems.
(4) Vessel. Every ship or watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on the navigable waters of the United States.
(5) Vessels owned and/or operated by the US Army. Those vessels owned by or bareboat chartered to the US Army.
(6) New vessel. Any vessel on which first construction was initiated on or after April 1, 1976.
(7) Existing vessel. Any vessel on which first construction was initiated prior to April 1, 1976.
(8) Sewage. Human body wastes and wastes from toilets or other receptacles intended to receive human body wastes.
(9) Discharge. Includes, but is not limited to, any spillings, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping.
(10) Fresh water lakes, reservoirs, and impoundments. Fresh water bodies whose inlets or outlets prevent the ingress or egress of vessels subject to this regulation; rivers not capable of interstate navigation by vessels subject to this regulation.
§ 650.54 Policy.
It is the policy of the Army to:
(a) Conserve all water resources.
(b) Control or eliminate all sources of pollutants to navigable waters or ground-waters by on-post treatment of wastes by joining regional or municipal sewage treatment systems or by employing recycling processes.
(c) Comply with applicable Federal, State and regional pollutant effluent limitation standards.
(d) Demonstrate leadership in attaining the national goal of zero pollutant discharge.
(e) Provide drinking water that satisfies the potability standards published by the Public Health Service/EPA as interpreted by The Surgeon General of the Army (TSG) (§650.57).
(f) Cooperate with Federal, State and regional authorities in the formulation and execution of water pollution control plans.
(g) Comply with the requirements for permits for the discharge of pollutants into navigable waters (section 402 of the FWPCA and implementing regulations in 40 CFR part 125); the transportation of material (other than dredged material) for the purpose of dumping it in ocean waters (section 102 of the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 and implementing regulations in 40 CFR part 220); and for activities in or affecting navigable waters of the United States; and the discharge of dredged or fill material in navigable waters; and the ocean disposal of dredged material (sections 9 and 10 of the River and Harbor Act of 1899, section 404 of the FWPCA, and section 103 of the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 and implementing regulations in 33 CFR part 324).
§ 650.55 Responsibilities.
(a) The Chief of Engineers will exercise Army staff responsibility for directing and coordinating the Army water pollution abatement program for both fixed and mobile facilities. Specifically the Chief of Engineers will—
(1) Promulgate policy and regulations on water resources management which reflect Department of Defense guidance and pertinent provisions of water pollution control laws.
(2) Develop long range policies on wastewater treatment to achieve the 1983 water quality objectives and 1985 goals of Pub. L. 92–500.
(3) Manage the identification, reporting, engineering, design and construction of projects required to control and monitor discharges in accordance with applicable Federal, State and regional water quality standards.
(4) Monitor water conservation practices for the purpose of identifying new potential uses for wastewater and methods for reducing water consumption.
(5) Publish policies on the control and disposal of sewage, galley, bilge and marine engine wastes.
(6) Provide guidance and direction to Army facilities in the preparation of applications for operating permits required by the FWPCA, Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972, and River and Harbor Act of 1899.
(7) Monitor the status of all FWPCA and ocean dumping permits and reports submitted in accordance with permit provisions.
(8) Coordinate the promulgation of new or revised water criteria and standards with TSC.
(9) Monitor master plans, construction plans and activities, and natural resource conservation activities to control surface water runoff and minimize erosion.
(10) Review and comment on NPDES and ocean dumping permits issued by EPA to Army installations.
(b) The Surgeon General will—
(1) Monitor health and welfare aspects of water and wastewater control criteria and standards promulgated by Federal and State agencies.
(2) Establish and conduct water supply surveillance programs to ensure the maintenance of adequate potable water for Army installations.
(3) Accumulate, evaluate and disseminate information on water pollution conditions that may adversely affect the health of man and animals.
(4) Conduct field investigations and special studies to determine the effectiveness of wastewater treatment and recommend corrective measures when appropriate.
(5) Provide technical consultation on the health, welfare, and environmental aspects of water and wastewater treatment programs and activities.
(6) Coordinate the development of water and wastewater treatment standards, procedures, surveys and studies with the Chief of Engineers.
(7) Review and comment on NPDES and ocean dumping permits issued by EPA to Army installations.
(8) Assist the Chief of Engineers in the formulation of plans and design criteria for water monitoring systems.
(9) Maintain a record of all FWPCA and ocean dumping permits issued to Army installations, perform a technical evaluation of FWPCA and ocean discharge monitoring reports received, and notify submitting installations of noted deficiencies.
(10) Report semi-annually on the status of NPDES permits and NPDES discharge monitoring reports to the HQDA (DAEN-ZCE) Washington, DC 20310, (RCS-ENG 237).
(c) Major Army commands (MA-COM) have the responsibility to ensure that they and their subordinate elements develop programs which will—
(1) Identify, quantify, and report all sources of water pollution and take appropriate action to eliminate or reduce them to acceptable levels. This applies to all Army facilities to include all buildings, installation structures, land, utilities, equipment, aircraft, vessels and other vehicles and property controlled by or constructed or manufactured for the purpose of leasing to the Army.
(2) Program and budget funds for remedial water pollution control projects to ensure compliance with applicable standards by statutory imposed dates.
(3) Establish routine wastewater control monitoring programs to insure compliance with discharge limitations established by regulatory agencies and adherence to proper waste treatment operational procedure as specified in TM 5–665, TM 5–814–3, and TM 5–814–6.
(4) Obtain permits from the appropriate EPA Regional Administrator for all discharges of pollutants from installations and activities into navigable waters as required by NPDES and for the transportation of materials for the purpose of dumping them into ocean waters and comply fully with the provisions of such permits.
(5) Obtain permits from the appropriate District Engineer for all other actions in or affecting navigable waters of the United States, including the discharge of dredged or fill material in such waters, and for the transportation of dredged material for the purpose of dumping it in ocean waters.
(6) Control the discharge of sewage and bilge waste from vessels in accordance with US Coast Guard, EPA, DOD or State regulations.
(7) Control the runoff of surface waters to minimize soil erosion, downstream flooding and pollution of waterways by sediments and contaminants.
(8) Conserve water resources by instituting regulatory measures where needed and by the judicious use of wastewater for consumptive purposes.
(9) Provide all personnel with drinking water that meets the quality standards specified by The Surgeon General.
(10) Commander, U.S. Army Materiel Development and Readiness Command will develop appropriate pollution control devices and retrofit vessels in the inventory required to meet specified standards.
§ 650.56 Related publications.
(a) Pub. L. 92–500; Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972 (84 Stat. 100, 33 U.S.C. 1163).
(b) Pub. L. 92–532; Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972.
(c) Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899 (33 U.S.C. 401–413).
(d) Executive Order 11752, “Prevention, Control and Abatement of Environmental Pollution at Federal Facilities,” December 17, 1973.
(e) TB 55–1900–206–14, Control and Abatement of Pollution by Army Watercraft.
(f) AR 56–9, Watercraft.
Standards and Procedures
§ 650.57 Water supply standards.
Potable water supply standards must meet, as a minimum, the standards set by the U.S. Public Health Service (42 CFR 72.201–207)/EPA as interpreted by The Surgeon General of the Army (TB MED 229).
§ 650.58 Water quality standards.
(a) Under the provisions of Pub. L. 92–500 it is the responsibility of the States to establish water quality standards and formulate an overall plan for achieving and enforcing these water quality standards. These criteria are based on the quality of water necessary to achieve and maintain use classifications of water such as recreation, fish and wildlife propagation, public water supply, and industrial and agricultural uses. States are also required to establish effluent discharge limitations necessary to achieve and maintain the desired use classification. For Army installations, implementation and enforcement of the applicable federally or State developed effluent limitations, and water quality standards are accomplished by the regional headquarters of the Environmental Protection Agency through the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System.
(b) The following effluent limitations are minimum standards which have been established pursuant to Pub. L. 92–500. More stringent effluent limitations may be established by the Administrator, EPA, to attain or maintain the water quality standards established by the State. Permissible effluent limitations, whether based on Federal or State water quality standards or on water quality criteria will be specified by the EPA Regional Administrator in the NPDES permit issued for each point of discharge.
§ 650.59 Effluent limitations.
(a) Domestic waste water effluents:
(1) As an interim limitation, all effluents from predominately domestic sources will be receiving the equivalent of secondary treatment as a minimum by July 1, 1977.
(2) By July 1, 1983, domestic wastewater limitations will be based on the best practicable waste treatment technology. Planning for 1983 discharge requirements will be clarified pending case by case evaluation of EPA criteria for 1983 which should be contained in NPDES permits to be issued in the 1977–1980 time frame. It may be assumed that the 1983 standards would require some form of advanced wastewater treatment, (i.e., phosphate, nitrate or carbonate removal; very low values of biochemical/chemical oxygen demand, suspended solids and fecal coliform bacteria; and minimal fluctuations in pH and temperature (/).
(b) Industrial wastewater effluents:
(1) As an interim limitation all effluents from existing industrial sources will be treated by processes employing the “best practicable control technology currently available” by July 1977. Guidelines and standards defining effluent limitations for best practicable control technology currently available are published under 40 CFR parts 401 through 447. At present only two industrial categories apply to Army activities; these are 40 CFR part 413, Electro, plating, and 40 CFR part 415, Inorganic Chemicals. EPA will publish regulations in the form of effluent limitations guidelines and standards of performance and pretreatment for ammunition production facilities at a later date. DAEN-ZCE will issue guidance as appropriate.
(2) By July 1, 1983, treatment of existing industrial wastewater effluents will employ the “best available technology economically achievable.” Effluent limitations based on the best available technology economically achievable have been defined and are published in previously mentioned 40 CFR parts 401 through 447.
(3) Effluent limitations for new sources are in most cases based on best available technology economically achievable and, therefore must necessarily meet the “1983 standards.” These effluent limitations are also published with the guidelines and standards in 40 CFR parts 401 through 447.
(c) Oil. The discharge of oil or effluents containing oil is limited by the quality determined to be harmful to the public health or welfare; or by applicable water quality standards; or by the amount which will cause a film or sheen upon a discoloration of the surface of the water or adjoining shorelines; or cause a sludge or emulsion to be deposited beneath the surface of the water or adjoining shorelines (40 CFR part 110 and subpart F of this part).
(d) Pretreatment Standards (40 CFR part 128). Nondomestic wastewater effluents from Army installations which are discharged to regional or municipal sewage treatment works must comply with the following limitations:
(1) Effluents will be treated sufficiently to remove wastes which: Would create a fire or explosion hazard, have pH lower than 5.0, would obstruct flow in sewers or interfere with proper operation of the works; or are introduced at an excessive flow or pollutant discharge rate likely to interfere with proper treatment.
(2) If the characteristics of the effluent qualify the Army installation as a “major contributing industry” and the effluent contains “incompatible pollutants” then the effluent will be pretreated prior to discharge, employing technology described in §650.59(b)(1), (2) or (3) depending on whether the effluent is from an existing or new source. Such pretreatment is necessary to prevent the discharge of any pollutant into regional or municipal treatment works which may interfere with, pass through or otherwise be incompatible with such works.
(e) Toxic and hazardous pollutants. The EPA determines and publishes a list of toxic and hazardous pollutants and issues effluent or dumping limitations for these substances. Limitations often include absolute prohibition against discharge. Both The Surgeon General and the Chief of Engineers will maintain a list of such pollutants for which effluent guidelines are issued or are pending and will monitor suspected toxic pollutants until a decision on the actual effects is made. The discharge of these toxic pollutants from all Army facilities will comply with the limitations set by the EPA. In all cases, the discharge of a suspected toxic pollutant will be strictly controlled or prohibited until a determination is made as to the potential dangers involved and effluent limitations are established by the EPA and The Surgeon General of the Army.
(1) Prohibited substances. The toxic pollutants which have been prohibited from effluent discharges are listed in 40 CFR part 129, EPA Regulations on Listing Toxic Pollutants. Other prohibited substances which may not be ocean dumped are listed in 40 CFR 227.21.
(2) Hazardous substances. The EPA listing of hazardous substances which are subject to strict effluent limitations will be addressed in 40 CFR part 116.
(f) Thermal pollution. Thermal discharges are subject to the best practicable and best available control technology requirements, as are other nondomestic pollutants. Thermal pollutant standards vary depending on temperature of the receiving water, the temperature and relative volume of the effluent, and effects such discharges will have regarding the protection and propagation of a balanced, indigenous population of shellfish, fish and wildlife in and on the receiving water. Therefore, cases which involve thermal pollution are highly individual and are generally limited to large sources of thermal pollution such as steam electric power plants (40 CFR part 423).
(g) Watercraft. Effluent limitations from watercraft are established by the US Coast Guard (33 CFR part 159), Department of Defense (DOD Dir 6050.4), EPA (40 CFR part 140) and the States. Department of the Army will comply with standards and procedures set by the Office, Secretary of Defense (DOD Dir 6050.4) and by TB 55–1900–206–14, Control and Abatement of Pollution by Army Watercraft.
(1) Nondomestic waste discharge limitations. Nondomestic waste (i.e., bilge, fuels, lubricants and other non-human wastes) discharges to navigable waters are prohibited (40 CFR part 110). Exempt from this prohibition are discharges of oil from properly functioning vessel engines, provided such normal discharges are not deemed harmful. (continued)