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State
Washington Regulations
Chapter 317-10 WAC Vessel contingency plan and response contractor standards

Last Update: 7/1/93



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317-10-010
Purpose.
The purpose of this chapter is to establish vessel oil spill contingency plan requirements and response contractor standards which, when followed, will:

(1) Maximize the effectiveness and timeliness of oil spill response by responsible parties and response contractors;

(2) Ensure readiness of equipment and personnel;

(3) Support coordination with state, federal, and other contingency plans; and

(4) Provide improved protection of Washington waters and natural resources from the impacts of oil spills.



[Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-010, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-020
Authority.
Part IV, chapter 200, Laws of 1991, provides statutory authority for the contingency plan preparation and review requirements and response contractor standards established by this chapter.



[Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-020, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-030
Definitions.
(1) "Administrator" means the administrator of the Washington office of marine safety.

(2) "Average efficiency factor" means a factor used to estimate limitations of equipment efficiency from variables such as sea state, current velocity, or visibility.

(3) "Best achievable technology" means the technology that provides the greatest degree of protection, taking into consideration processes that are developed, or could feasibly be developed given overall reasonable expenditures on research and development, and processes that are currently in use. In determining what is best achievable technology, the administrator shall consider the effectiveness, engineering feasibility, and commercial availability of the technology.

(4) "Board" means the pollution control hearings board.

(5) "Bulk" means material that is stored or transported in a loose, unpackaged liquid, powder, or granular form capable of being conveyed by a pipe, bucket, chute, or belt system.

(6) "Cargo vessel" means a self-propelled ship in commerce, other than a tank vessel or a passenger vessel, of greater than three hundred or more gross tons, including but not limited to, commercial fish processing vessels and freighters.

(7) "Columbia River" means the length of the Columbia River from its mouth at the Pacific Ocean to its confluence with the Snake River.

(8) "Covered vessel" means a tank vessel, cargo vessel, or passenger vessel.

(9) "Department" means the state of Washington department of ecology.

(10) "Deadweight ton" means the difference, in metric tons, between the lightweight displacement and the total displacement of a vessel, as defined under Title 46, United States Code of Federal Regulations, Part 30, Subpart 30.10.

(11) "Discharge" means any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping.

(12)(a) "Facility" means any structure, group of structures, equipment, pipeline, or device, other than a vessel, located on or near the navigable waters of the state that (both):

(i) Transfers oil in bulk to or from a tank vessel or pipeline; and

(ii) Is used for producing, storing, handling, transferring, processing, or transporting oil in bulk.

(b) A facility does not include any:

(i) Railroad car, motor vehicle, or other rolling stock while transporting oil over the highways or rail lines of this state;

(ii) Underground storage tank regulated by the department or a local government under chapter 90.76 RCW;

(iii) Motor vehicle motor fuel outlet;

(iv) Facility that is operated as part of an exempt agricultural activity as provided in RCW 82.04.330; or

(v) Marine fuel outlet that does not dispense more than three thousand gallons of fuel to a ship that is not a tank vessel, cargo vessel, or passenger vessel, in a single transaction.

(13) "Gross ton" means a vessel's approximate volume as defined under Title 46, United States Code of Federal Regulations, Part 69.

(14) "Interim storage site" means a site used to temporarily store recovered oil or oily waste until the recovered oil or oily waste is disposed of at a permanent disposal site. Interim storage sites include trucks, barges, and other vehicles used to store recovered oil or oily waste until transport begins.

(15) "Liquefied petroleum gas" means petroleum gas converted to a liquid state by pressure and cooling, including but not limited to natural gas, butane, and propane.

(16) "Marine facility" means any facility used for tank vessel wharfage or anchorage, including any equipment used for the purpose of handling or transferring oil in bulk to or from a tank vessel.

(17) "Maximum extent practicable" means the highest level of effectiveness that can be achieved through staffing levels, training procedures, and best achievable technology. In determining what is the maximum extent practicable, the administrator shall consider the effectiveness, engineering feasibility, commercial availability, safety, and the cost of the measures.

(18) "Navigable waters of the state" means those waters of the state, and their adjoining shorelines, that are subject to the ebb and flow of the tide and/or are presently used, have been used in the past, or may be susceptible for use to transport intrastate, interstate, or foreign commerce.

(19) "Office" means the state of Washington office of marine safety.

(20) "Oil" or "oils" means naturally occurring liquid hydrocarbons at atmospheric temperature and pressure coming from the earth, including condensate and natural gasoline, and any fractionation thereof, including, but not limited to, crude oil, petroleum, gasoline, fuel oil, diesel oil, oil sludge, oil refuse, and oil mixed with wastes other than dredged spoil. Oil does not include any substance listed in Table 302.4 of 40 C.F.R. Part 302 adopted August 14, 1989, under section 101(14) of the Federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended by P.L. 99-499.

(21) "Oily waste" means oil contaminated waste resulting from an oil spill or oil spill response operations.

(22) "Owner or operator" means:

(a) In the case of a vessel, any person owning, operating, or chartering by demise, the vessel; or

(b) In the case of an abandoned vessel, the person who owned or operated the vessel immediately before its abandonment.

(23) "Passenger vessel" means a ship of greater than three hundred or more gross tons or five hundred or more international gross tons carrying passengers for compensation.

(24) "Person" means any political subdivision, government agency, municipality, industry, public or private corporation, copartnership, association, firm, individual, or any other entity whatsoever.

(25) "Pipeline" means, for the purposes of subsection (12)(a)(i) of this section, a pipeline connected to a marine facility, and not owned or operated by the facility referred to in subsection (12)(a) of this section.

(26) "Plan" means oil spill response, cleanup, and disposal contingency plan.

(27) "Primary response contractor" means a response contractor that is directly responsible to a contingency plan holder, either by a contract or written agreement.

(28) "Response contractor" means an individual, organization, association, or cooperative that provides or intends to provide equipment and/or personnel for oil spill containment, cleanup, and/or removal activities.

(29) "Ship" means any boat, ship, vessel, barge, or other floating craft of any kind.

(30) "Spill" means an unauthorized discharge of oil which enters waters of the state.

(31) "Tank vessel" means a ship that is constructed or adapted to carry, or that carries, oil in bulk as cargo or cargo residue, and that:

(a) Operates on the waters of the state; or

(b) Transfers oil in a port or place subject to the jurisdiction of this state.

(32) "Vessel type" means a general category of vessel based on form and function, such as tank barge, tanker, freighter, cruise ship, ferry, or fish-processing vessel.

(33) "Waters of the state" includes lakes, rivers, ponds, streams, inland waters, underground water, salt waters, estuaries, tidal flats, beaches and lands adjoining the seacoast of the state, sewers, and all other surface waters and watercourses within the jurisdiction of the state of Washington.

(34) "Worst case spill" means a spill of the vessel's entire cargo and fuel complicated by adverse weather conditions (during which wind, reduced visibility, and sea state hinder but do not preclude normal response operations).



[Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-030, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-035
Applicability.
(1) Oil spill response, cleanup, and disposal contingency plans must be prepared, submitted, and used, pursuant to requirements in this chapter, for:

(a) Tank vessels; and

(b) Cargo vessels and passenger vessels of three hundred or more gross tons operating on waters of the state.

(2) Federal plans required under 33 C.F.R. 154, 40 C.F.R. 109, 40 C.F.R. 110, or the Federal Oil Pollution Act of 1990 may be submitted to satisfy plan requirements under this chapter if the office deems that such federal requirements possess approval criteria which equal or exceed those of the office.

(3) Response contractors must be approved by the office before they may serve as primary response contractors for a vessel contingency plan.

(4) For those sections of contingency plans which address liquefied petroleum gases, the office may excuse plan holders from meeting requirements in this chapter that are not applicable to spill response for liquefied petroleum gases due to their physical properties.



[Statutory Authority: Chapter 43.21I RCW. 93-14-096, 317-10-035, filed 7/1/93, effective 8/1/93. Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-035, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-040
Plan preparation.
(1) Each covered vessel shall prepare a contingency plan for the containment and cleanup of oil spills from the covered vessel into the waters of the state, and for the protection of fisheries and wildlife, other natural resources, and public or private property from such spills.

(2) Plans shall be in a form usable for oil spill control, containment, cleanup, and disposal operations and shall be capable of being located according to requirements in WAC 317-10-075.

(3) Plans shall be thorough and contain enough information, analyses, supporting data, and documentation to demonstrate the plan holder's ability to meet the requirements of this chapter.

(4) Plans shall be designed to be capable to the maximum extent practicable, when implemented, of promptly and properly removing oil and minimizing environmental damage from a variety of spill sizes, including small chronic spills, and worst case spills. At a minimum, plans shall meet the criteria specified in WAC 317-10-045 and 317-10-050; criteria are presented in suggested but not requisite order.



[Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-040, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-045
Plan format requirements.
(1) Plans shall be prepared using a combined narrative and graphic format which facilitates both the study of detailed spill response information and quick access to general information given emergency information needs and time constraints.

(2) Plans shall be divided into a system of chapters and appendices. Chapters and sections shall be numbered. Chapters should be reserved primarily for information on emergency response and cleanup operations, such as notification procedures or description of the spill response organization structure. Appendices should be used primarily for supplemental background and documentation information, such as response scenarios or description of drills and exercises.

(3) A system of index tabs shall be used to provide easy reference to particular chapters or appendices.

(4) Plans shall be formatted to allow replacement of chapter or appendix pages with revisions without requiring replacement of the entire plan.

(5) A simplified field document suitable for on-site use in the event of a spill and summarizing key notification and action elements of the plan shall also be prepared and submitted as part of the plan.

(6) Computerized plans may be submitted to the office in addition to a hard copy. Computerized plans, accompanied by a hard copy, may be used to meet the requirements of WAC 317-10-075.



[Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-045, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-050
Plan content requirements.
(1) Each plan shall contain a submittal agreement which:

(a) Includes the name, address, and phone number of the submitting party;

(b) Verifies acceptance of the plan, including any incorporated contingency plans, by the owner or operator of the covered vessel, by signature of the owner or operator or their designee;

(c) Commits execution of the plan, including any incorporated contingency plans, by the owner or operator or their designee, and verifies authority for the plan holder to make appropriate expenditures in order to execute plan provisions; and

(d) Except for plans filed by the Washington state maritime commission or a maritime association defined under Oregon law, includes the vessel's name, the name, location, and address of the owner or operator, official identification code or call sign, country of registry, common ports of call in Washington waters, type of oil(s) handled, oil volume capacity, expected period of operation in state waters, and passenger capacity if a passenger vessel.

(2) Each plan shall include a log sheet to record amendments to the plan. The log sheet shall be placed at the front of the plan. The log sheet shall provide for a record of the section amended, the date that the old section was replaced with the amended section, verification that the office was notified of the amendment pursuant to WAC 317-10-080(3), and the initials of the individual making the change. A description of the amendment and its purpose shall also be included in the log sheet, or filed in the form of an amendment letter immediately after the log sheet.

(3) Each plan shall include a detailed table of contents based on chapter, section, and appendix numbers and titles, as well as tables and figures.

(4) Each plan shall describe the purpose and scope of that plan, including:

(a) The geographic area covered by the plan;

(b) The covered vessel operations covered by the plan; and

(c) The size of the worst case spill from the covered vessel.

(5) Each plan shall describe the procedures and time periods corresponding to updates of the plan and distribution of the plan and updates to affected and interested parties.

(6) Each plan shall present a strategy to ensure use of the plan for spill response and cleanup operations pursuant to requirements in WAC 317-10-075.

(7) Each plan shall describe the organization of the spill response system, including all task assignments addressed by requirements of this section. This description shall identify the role of an incident commander or primary spill response manager, who shall possess the lead authority in spill response and cleanup decisions. The plan shall describe how a smooth transfer of the incident commander or primary spill response manager position between individuals will be accomplished. An organizational diagram depicting the chain of command shall also be included.

(8)(a) For each primary response contractor which a plan holder may or does rely on to perform or supplement its response operations within the geographic area covered by the plan, the plan shall state that contractor's name, address, phone number, or other means of contact at any time of the day, and response capability (e.g., land spills only). For each primary response contractor, the plan shall include a letter of intent signed by the primary response contractor which indicates the contractor's willingness to respond. Copies of written contracts or agreements with primary response contractors shall be available for inspection, if requested by the department.

(b) If a plan holder is a member of an oil spill response cooperative and relies on that cooperative to perform or supplement its response operations within the geographic area covered by the plan, the plan shall state the cooperative's name, address, phone number, and response capability. The plan shall also include proof of cooperative membership.

(c) Plans which rely on primary response contractors shall rely only on primary response contractors approved by the office under WAC 317-10-090.

(9) Each plan shall briefly describe its relation to all applicable local, state, regional, and federal government response plans. Plans shall address how the plan holder's response organization will be coordinated with an incident command system utilized by state and federal authorities.

(10) Each plan shall list procedures which will be used to detect and document the presence and size of a spill, including methods which are effective during low visibility conditions. For tank vessels, the plan shall describe the use, if any, of mechanical or electronic monitoring or alarm systems (including threshold sensitivities) used to detect oil discharges into adjacent land or water from tanks, pipes, manifolds, and other transfer or storage equipment.

(11) Each plan shall describe procedures which will be taken to immediately notify appropriate parties that a spill has occurred.

(a) The plan holder shall maintain a notification call out list which shall be available if requested by the office for inspection, and which:

(i) Provides a contact at any time of the day for all spill response personnel identified under subsection (7) of this section, including the contact's name, position title, phone number or other means of contact for any time of the day, and an alternate contact in the event the individual is unavailable;

(ii) Lists the name and phone number of all government agencies which must be notified in the event of an oil spill pursuant to requirements under RCW 90.48.360 as recodified by section 1115, chapter 200, Laws of 1991, and other state and federal requirements; and

(iii) Establishes a clear order of priority for immediate notification;

(b) The plan shall identify a central reporting office or individual who is responsible for implementing the call out process; and

(c) The plan shall utilize a system of categorizing incident type and severity. Plan holders are encouraged to utilize the system established by the department in the Washington statewide master oil and hazardous substance spill contingency plan as developed pursuant to RCW 90.48.378 as recodified by section 1115, chapter 200, Laws of 1991.

(12) Each plan shall describe the personnel (including contract personnel) available to respond to an oil spill, including:

(a) A job description for each type of spill response position needed as indicated in the spill response organization scheme addressed in subsection (7) of this section;

(b) The number of personnel available to perform each type of spill response position;

(c) Arrangements for prepositioning personnel at strategic locations which will meet criteria pursuant to WAC 317-10-065 (3)(d);

(d) The type and frequency of spill response operations and safety training that each individual in a spill response position receives to attain the level of qualification demanded by their job description; and

(e) The procedures, if any, to train and use volunteers willing to assist in spill response operations. Volunteer procedures for wildlife rescue shall comply with rules adopted by the Washington department of wildlife.

(13)(a) Each plan shall list the type, quantity, age, location, maintenance schedule, and availability of equipment used during spill response, including equipment used for oil containment, recovery, storage, and removal, shoreline and adjacent lands cleanup, wildlife rescue and rehabilitation, and communication.

(b) For equipment listed under (a) of this subsection that is not owned by or available exclusively to the plan holder, the plan shall also estimate the extent to which other contingency plans rely on that same equipment.

(c) For oil containment and recovery equipment, the plan also shall include equipment make and model, and the manufacturer's nameplate capacity of the response equipment (in gallons per minute), and applicable design limits (e.g., maximum wave height capability; inland waters vs. open ocean).

(d) Based on information described in (c) of this subsection, the plan shall state the maximum amount of oil which could be recovered per twenty-four-hour period.

(e) For purposes of determining plan adequacy under WAC 317-10-065, and to assess realistic capabilities based on potential limitations by weather, sea state, and other variables, the data presented in (c) and (d) of this subsection will be multiplied by an average efficiency factor of twenty percent. The office will apply a higher efficiency factor for equipment listed in a plan if that plan holder provides adequate evidence that the higher efficiency factor is warranted for particular equipment. The office may assign a lower efficiency factor to particular equipment listed in a plan if it determines that the performance of that equipment warrants such a reduction.

(f) The plan shall provide arrangements for prepositioning of oil spill response equipment at strategic locations which will meet criteria pursuant to WAC 317-10-065 (3)(d).

(14) Each plan shall describe the communication systems used for spill notification and response operations, including:

(a) Communication procedures;

(b) The communication function (e.g., ground-to-air) assigned to each channel or frequency used; and

(c) The maximum geographic range for each channel or frequency used.

(15) Each plan shall describe the process to establish sites needed for spill response operations, including location or location criteria for:

(a) A central command post;

(b) A central communications post if located away from the command post; and

(c) Equipment and personnel staging areas.

(16)(a) Each plan shall present a flowchart or decision tree describing the procession of each major stage of spill response operations from spill discovery to completion of cleanup. The flowchart or decision tree shall describe the general order and priority in which key spill response activities are performed.

(b) Each plan shall describe all key spill response operations in checklist form, to be used by spill response managers in the event of an oil spill.

(17)(a) Each plan shall list the local, state, and other government authorities responsible for the emergency procedures peripheral to spill containment and cleanup, including:

(i) Procedures to control fires and explosions, and to rescue people or property threatened by fire or explosion;

(ii) Procedures to control ground and air traffic which may interfere with spill response operations; and

(iii) Procedures to manage access to the spill response site.

(b) Each plan shall describe the plan holder's role in these emergency operation procedures prior to the arrival of proper authorities.

(18) Each plan shall describe equipment and procedures to be used by the vessel personnel to minimize the magnitude of the spill and minimize structural damage which may increase the quantity of oil spilled.

(a) For tank vessels, damage control procedures shall include methods and onboard equipment to achieve vessel stability and prevent further vessel damage, slow or stop pipe, tank, and other leaks, and achieve emergency shutdown during oil transfer.

(b) For other covered vessels, damage control procedures shall address methods to achieve vessel stability and slow or stop leaks from fuel tanks and lines.

(19) Each plan shall describe, in detail, methods to contain spilled oil and remove it from the environment. Methods shall describe deployment of equipment and personnel, using diagrams or other visual aids when possible. Response methods covered must include:

(a) Surveillance methods used to detect and track the extent and movement of the spill;

(b) Methods to contain and remove oil in offshore waters;

(c) Methods to contain and remove oil in near-shore waters, including shoreline protection procedures and oil diversion/pooling procedures; and

(d) Methods to contain and remove oil, including surface oil, subsurface oil, and oiled debris and vegetation, from a variety of shoreline, adjacent land, and beach types.

(20) Each plan shall briefly describe initial equipment and personnel deployment activities which will accomplish the response standard listed in WAC 317-10-065 (3)(d), and provide an estimate of the actual execution time.

(21) If the plan holder will use dispersants, coagulants, bioremediants, or other chemical agents for response operations, conditions permitting, the plan shall describe:

(a) Type and toxicity of chemicals;

(b) Under what conditions they will be applied in conformance with all applicable local, state, and federal requirements, including the statewide master oil and hazardous substance spill contingency plan;

(c) Methods of deployment; and

(d) Location and accessibility of supplies and deployment equipment.

(22) If the plan holder will use in-situ burning for response operations, conditions permitting, the plan shall describe:

(a) Type of burning operations;

(b) Under what conditions burning will be applied in conformance with all applicable local, state, and federal requirements, including the statewide master oil and hazardous substance spill contingency plan;

(c) Methods of application; and

(d) Location and accessibility of supplies and deployment equipment.

(23) Each plan shall describe how environmental protection will be achieved, including:

(a) Protection of sensitive shoreline and island habitat by diverting or blocking oil movement;

(b) Priorities for sensitive area protection in the geographic area covered by the plan as designated by the department in environmentally sensitive area maps referenced in the statewide master oil and hazardous substance spill contingency plan;

(c) Rescue and rehabilitation of birds, marine mammals, and other wildlife contaminated or otherwise affected by the oil spill in compliance with rules adopted by the Washington department of wildlife; and

(d) Measures taken to reduce damages to the environment caused by shoreline and adjacent land cleanup operations, such as impacts to sensitive shoreline habitat by heavy machinery.

(24)(a) Each plan shall describe site criteria and methods used for interim storage of oil recovered and oily wastes generated during response and cleanup operations. Interim storage methods and sites shall be designed to prevent contamination by recovered oil and oily wastes.

(b) If use of interim storage sites will require approval by local, state, or federal officials, the plan shall include information which could expedite the approval process, including a list of appropriate contacts and a brief description of procedures to follow for each applicable approval process.

(c) Each plan shall describe methods and sites used for permanent disposal of oil recovered and oily wastes generated during response and cleanup operations.

(d) Interim storage and permanent disposal methods and sites shall be sufficient to keep up with oil recovery operations and handle the entire volume of oil recovered and oily wastes generated.

(e) Interim storage and permanent disposal methods and sites shall comply with all applicable local, state, and federal requirements.

(25) Each plan shall describe procedures to protect the health and safety of oil spill response workers, volunteers, and other individuals on-site. Provisions for training, decontamination facilities, safety gear, and a safety officer position shall be addressed.

(26) Each plan shall explain post-spill review procedures, including methods to review both the effectiveness of the plan and the need for plan amendments. Post-spill procedures shall provide for a debrief of the office.

(27)(a) Each plan shall describe the schedule and type of drills and other exercises which will be practiced to ensure readiness of the plan elements, including drills which satisfy WAC 317-10-070(3).

(b) Tests of internal call out procedures shall be performed at least once every ninety calendar days and documented by the plan holder. Such tests are only required to involve notification, not actual deployment.

(28) Unless the plan holder has received approval for a prevention plan submitted pursuant to chapter 200, Laws of 1991, each tank vessel plan shall describe measures taken to reduce the likelihood that a spill will occur which exceed or are not covered by existing state and federal requirements, including:

(a) Type and frequency of personnel training on methods to minimize operational risks;

(b) Methods to ensure equipment integrity, including inspection and maintenance schedules;

(c) Methods to reduce spills during transfer operations, including overfill prevention; and

(d) For tank vessels, key measures used to reduce risks during navigation.

(29) Each covered vessel plan shall list the spill risk variables within the geographic area covered by the plan, including:

(a) Types, physical properties, and amounts of oil handled;

(b) Except for plans filed by the Washington state maritime commission or a maritime association defined under Oregon law, a written description and diagram indicating cargo, fuel, and ballast tanks and piping, power plants, and other oil storage and transfer sites and operations; and

(c) A written description of operations with a history of or high potential for oil spills, including key areas which pose significant navigation risk within the geographic area covered by the plan.

(30) Each plan shall list the environmental variables within the geographic area covered by the plan, including:

(a) Natural resources, including coastal and aquatic habitat types and sensitivity by season, breeding sites, presence of state or federally listed endangered or threatened species, and presence of commercial and recreational species (environmental variable information may be obtained directly from environmentally sensitive area maps referenced in the statewide master oil and hazardous substance spill contingency plan);

(b) Public resources, including public beaches, water intakes, drinking water supplies, and marinas;

(c) Seasonal hydrographic and climatic conditions; and

(d) Physical geographic features, including relative isolation of coastal regions, beach types, and other geological characteristics.

(31) Each plan shall list the logistical resources within the geographic area covered by the plan, including:

(a) Facilities for fire services, medical services, and accommodations; and

(b) Shoreline access areas, including boat launches.

(32)(a) Each plan shall describe detailed, plausible, step-by-step response scenarios for:

(i) A small oil spill less than five hundred gallons; and

(ii) A worst case spill as described in the plan pursuant to subsection (4)(c) of this section.

(b) Each scenario description shall include:

(i) The circumstances surrounding the spill, including size, type, location, climatic and hydrographic conditions, time, and cause;

(ii) An estimate of oil movement during the first seventy-two hours, including likely shoreline contact points; and

(iii) Estimates of response time and percent recovery for each major phase of operations.

(c) If a plan applies to multiple covered vessels, each scenario description shall discuss implementation of the plan in the event of simultaneous separate spills.

(33) Each plan shall include a glossary of technical terms and abbreviations used in the plan.



[Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-050, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-060
Plan submittal.
(1)(a) Plans for tank vessels of three thousand gross tons or more shall be submitted to the office within six months after adoption of this chapter.

(b) All other covered vessels shall submit plans to the office within eighteen months after adoption of this chapter.

(2)(a) Any covered vessel that first begins operating after the adoption of this chapter shall submit a plan to the office at least sixty-five calendar days prior to the beginning of operations in Washington waters, with the exception of covered vessels which fall under the jurisdiction of the Washington maritime commission pursuant to chapter 88.44 RCW, as amended by sections 901 through 907, chapter 200, Laws of 1991.

(b) Covered vessels which fall under the jurisdiction of the Washington maritime commission pursuant to chapter 88.44 RCW, as amended by sections 901 through 907, chapter 200, Laws of 1991, shall be incorporated into the maritime commission contingency plan pursuant to WAC 317-10-080.

(3) Three copies of the plan and appendices shall be delivered to:


Contingency Plan Review

Washington Office of Marine Safety

P.O. Box 42407

Olympia, WA 98504-2407


(4)(a) Tank vessel plans may be submitted by:

(i) The tank vessel owner or operator;

(ii) The owner or operator of a facility where the tank vessel unloads cargo, in conformance with requirements under WAC 317-10-050(1); or

(iii) A primary response contractor approved by the office pursuant to WAC 317-10-090, in conformance with requirements under WAC 317-10-050(1).

(b) Cargo and passenger vessel plans may be submitted by:

(i) The vessel owner or operator;

(ii) The agent for the vessel, in conformance with requirements under WAC 317-10-050(1); or

(iii) A response contractor approved by the office pursuant to WAC 317-10-090, in conformance with requirements under WAC 317-10-050(1).

(c) Plans for covered vessels which fall under the jurisdiction of the Washington maritime commission pursuant to chapter 88.44 RCW, as amended by sections 901 through 907, chapter 200, Laws of 1991, may be submitted by the Washington maritime commission, in conformance with requirements under WAC 317-10-050(1).

(5) A single plan may be submitted for multiple vessels of the same vessel type, provided that the plan contents meet the requirements in this chapter for each vessel listed.

(6) An owner, operator, or plan submitter may request information contained in an oil spill contingency plan be protected from public disclosure. The request must be made in a letter to the administrator and signed by the owner, operator, or plan submitter making the request. The information to be protected must be identified clearly by plan section, page number, paragraph, and, if possible, sentence. In addition to identifying the information to be protected, the request must also identify the legal basis justifying that request.

(7) The owner, operator, or plan submitter is solely responsible for all costs incurred, including reasonable attorney fees, in defending any action for public disclosure brought under chapter 42.17 RCW. In addition, the owner, operator, or plan submitter may bring an injunctive action pursuant to RCW 42.17.350.

(8) If the office receives a request for public disclosure of information that an owner, operator, or plan submitter has requested protection, the office will:

(a) Notify the owner, operator, or plan submitter when a request is made;

(b) Notify the owner, operator, or plan submitter of any proceedings initiated to compel disclosure; and

(c) Withhold the information until released by the owner, operator, or plan submitter or until a court order requires disclosure.



[Statutory Authority: Chapter 88.46 RCW. 93-11-001, 317-10-060, filed 5/5/93, effective 6/5/93. Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-060, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-065
Plan review.
(1) The office shall endeavor to review each plan in sixty-five calendar days. Upon receipt of a plan, the office shall evaluate promptly whether the plan is incomplete. If the office determines that a plan is incomplete, the submitter shall be notified of deficiencies. The review period shall not begin until the office receives a complete plan.

(2) The office shall regularly notify interested parties of any contingency plans which are under review by the office, and make plans available for review to all other state, local, and federal agencies, and the public. The office shall accept comments from these interested parties on the plan during the first thirty calendar days of review by the office.

(3) A plan shall be approved if, in addition to meeting criteria in WAC 317-10-045 and 317-10-050, it demonstrates that when implemented, it can:

(a) To the maximum extent practicable, provide for prompt and proper response to and cleanup of a variety of spills, including small chronic spills, and worst case spills;

(b) To the maximum extent practicable, provide for prompt and proper protection of the environment from oil spills;

(c) Provide for immediate notification and mobilization of resources upon discovery of a spill;

(d) Provide for initial deployment of response equipment and personnel at the site of the spill within two hours of the plan holder's awareness that a spill has occurred given suitable safety conditions; and

(e) Use as primary response contractors, only those response contractors approved by the office under WAC 317-10-090.

(4) When reviewing plans, the office shall, in addition to the above criteria, consider the following:

(a) The volume and type of oil(s) addressed by the plan;

(b) The history and circumstances of prior spills by similar types of vessels, including spill reports by department on-scene coordinators;

(c) The presence of operating hazards;

(d) The sensitivity and value of natural resources within the geographic area covered by the plan;

(e) Any pertinent local, state, federal agency, or public comments received on the plan;

(f) The extent to which reasonable, cost-effective spill prevention measures have been incorporated into the plan; and

(g) The nature and amount of vessel traffic and navigational hazards within the geographic area covered by the plan.

(5) The office may approve a plan without a full review as per provisions of this section if that plan has been approved by a federal agency or other state which the office has deemed to possess approval criteria which equal or exceed those of the office.

(6) The office may prepare a manual to aid office staff responsible for plan review. This manual may be made available to provide guidance for plan preparers. While the manual would be used as a tool to conduct review of a plan, the office will not be bound by the contents of such a manual.

(7) The office shall endeavor to notify the covered vessel owner or operator or their designee within five working days after the review is completed whether the plan has been approved.

(a) If the plan receives approval, the covered vessel owner or operator shall receive a certificate of approval describing the terms of approval, including expiration dates.

(b)(i) The office may approve a plan conditionally by requiring a covered vessel owner or operator to operate with specific precautionary measures until unacceptable components of the plan are resubmitted and approved.

(ii) Precautionary measures may include, but are not limited to, reducing oil transfer rates, increasing personnel levels, or restricting operations to daylight hours. Precautionary measures may also include additional requirements to ensure availability of response equipment.

(iii) A plan holder shall have thirty calendar days after the office gives notification of conditional status to submit and implement required changes to the office, with the option for an extension at the office's discretion. Plan holders who fail to meet conditional requirements or provide required changes in the time allowed shall lose conditional approval status.

(c) If plan approval is denied, the covered vessel owner or operator shall receive an explanation of the factors for disapproval and a list of actions to be taken to gain approval. The covered vessel shall not continue oil storage, transfer, or other operations until a plan for that vessel has been approved.

(d) A plan holder shall have thirty calendar days from the date of the notice of nonapproval to appeal the office's decision. The appeal shall be perfected by serving an application for an adjudicative proceeding upon the office within the time specified herein.

(e) If a plan holder demonstrates an inability to comply with an approved contingency plan or otherwise fails to comply with requirements of this chapter, the office may, at its discretion:

(i) Place conditions on approval pursuant to (b) of this subsection; or

(ii) Revoke its approval pursuant to (c) of this subsection.

(f) Approval of a plan by the office does not constitute an express assurance regarding the adequacy of the plan nor constitute a defense to liability imposed under state law.

(8) The office shall work with the department to ensure that no duplication of regulatory responsibilities occurs in the review of contingency plans from marine facilities.



[Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-065, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-070
Drills and inspections.
(1) For the purpose of determining plan adequacy, the office may require a plan holder to participate in one unannounced full deployment drill annually. The office shall choose plan holders for such drills through a random process.

(2) The office may require a plan holder to participate in one announced, limited deployment drill annually. The office shall choose plan holders for such drills through a random process.

(3) Requirements under subsections (1) and (2) of this section may be met:

(a) By drills led by other state, local, or federal authorities if the office finds that the criteria for drill execution and review equal or exceed those of the office;

(b) By drills initiated by the plan holder, if the office is involved in participation, review, and evaluation of the drill, and if the office finds that the drill adequately tests the plan; and

(c) By responses to actual spill events, if the office is involved in participation, review, and evaluation of the spill response, and if the office finds that the spill event adequately tests the plan.

(4) The office may excuse a primary response contractor from full deployment participation in more than one drill, if in the past twelve months, the primary response contractor has performed to the office's satisfaction in a full deployment drill or an exercise listed in subsection (3) of this section.

(5) The office shall review the degree to which the specifications of the plan are implemented during the drill. The office shall endeavor to notify the covered vessel owner or operator of the review results within thirty calendar days following the drill. If the office finds deficiencies in the plan, the office shall report those deficiencies to the plan holder and require the plan holder to make specific amendments to the plan pursuant to requirements in WAC 317-10-080.

(6) The department shall publish an annual report on plan drills, including a summary of response times, actual equipment and personnel use, recommendations for plan requirement changes, and industry response to those recommendations.

(7) The office may require the covered vessel owner or operator to participate in additional drills beyond those required in subsections (1) and (2) of this section if the office is not satisfied with the adequacy of the plan during exercises or spill response events.

(8) The office may verify compliance with this chapter by unannounced inspections.



[Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-070, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-075
Plan maintenance and use.
(1) At least one copy of the plan shall be kept in a central location accessible at any time by the incident commander or spill response manager named in accordance with WAC 317-10-050(7).

(2) A field document prepared under WAC 317-10-045(5) shall be available to all appropriate personnel. Each covered vessel covered by the plan shall possess a copy of the field document and keep it in a conspicuous and accessible location.

(3) A covered vessel owner or operator or their designee shall implement the plan in the event of a spill. The covered vessel owner or operator or their designee must receive approval from the office before it conducts any major aspect of the spill response contrary to the plan unless:

(a) Such actions are necessary to protect human health and safety;

(b) Such actions must be performed immediately in response to unforeseen conditions to avoid additional environmental damage; or

(c) The plan holder has been directed to perform such actions by the department or the United States Coast Guard.



[Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-075, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-080
Plan update timeline.
(1) The office shall be notified in writing as soon as possible and within twenty-four hours of any significant change which could affect implementation of the plan, including a substantial decrease in available spill response equipment or personnel. The plan holder shall also provide a schedule for the prompt return of the plan to full operational status. A facsimile will be considered written notice for the purposes of this subsection. Changes which are not considered significant include minor variations in equipment or personnel characteristics, call out lists, or operating procedures. Failure to notify the office of significant changes shall be considered noncompliance with this chapter and subject to provisions of WAC 317-10-065 (7)(e).

(2) If the office finds that, as a result of the change, the plan no longer meets approval criteria pursuant to WAC 317-10-065, the office may, in its discretion, place conditions on approval or revoke approval in accordance to WAC 317-10-065 (7)(e). Plan holders are encouraged to maintain back-up resources in order to ensure that their plans can always be fully implemented.

(3) Within thirty calendar days of an approved change, the covered vessel owner or operator or their designee shall distribute the amended page(s) of the plan to the office and other plan holders.

(4) Plans shall be reviewed by the office every five years pursuant to WAC 317-10-065. Plans shall be submitted for reapproval unless the plan holder submits a letter requesting that the office review the plan already in the office's possession. The plan holder shall submit the plan or such a letter at least sixty-five calendar days in advance of the plan expiration date.

(5) The office may review a plan following any spill for which the plan holder is responsible.



[Statutory Authority: ESHB 1027. 91-22-086, 317-10-080, filed 11/5/91, effective 1/1/92.]




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317-10-085
Noncompliance with plan requirements.
(1) Any violation of this chapter may be subject to the enforcement and penalty sanctions of chapter 200, Laws of 1991.

(2) The office may deny entry onto the waters of the state to any covered vessel that does not have an approved plan and is so required.

(3) The office may assess a civil penalty of up to one hundred thousand dollars against any person who is in violation of this section. Each day that a person or covered vessel is in violation of this section shall be considered a separate violation. (continued)