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State
Washington Regulations
Chapter 220-52 WAC Shellfish

Last Update: 8/10/06



DISPOSITIONS OF SECTIONS FORMERLY CODIFIED IN THIS CHAPTER
220-52-015 Clams -- Lawful acts. [Order 807, 220-52-015, filed 1/2/69, effective 2/1/69; Orders 414, 256, filed 3/1/60.] Repealed by 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), filed 3/27/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080.
220-52-053 Shrimp fishery -- Seasons -- Areas and gear. [Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), 220-52-053, filed 3/27/84; 83-09-014 (Order 83-24), 220-52-053, filed 4/12/83; 82-03-045 (Order 82-6), 220-52-053, filed 1/19/82; 79-02-053 (Order 79-6), 220-52-053, filed 1/30/79; Order 77-145, 220-52-053, filed 12/13/77; Order 76-148, 220-52-053, filed 12/2/76; Order 1242, 220-52-053, filed 8/7/75, effective 9/16/75; Order 1049, 220-52-053, filed 4/11/73; Order 1047, 220-52-053, filed 3/28/73; Order 1045, 220-52-053, filed 3/8/73; Order 945, 220-52-053, filed 8/16/71; Order 807, 220-52-053, filed 1/2/69, effective 2/1/69. Formerly WAC 220-52-050 (1), (2), (3), (4) and (7).] Repealed by 87-23-006 (Order 87-187), filed 11/6/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080.
220-52-054 Shrimp fishery -- Unlawful gear. [Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 82-03-045 (Order 82-6), 220-52-054, filed 1/19/82; 80-13-064 (Order 80-123), 220-52-054, filed 9/17/80.] Repealed by 87-23-006 (Order 87-187), filed 11/6/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080.
220-52-072 Sea cucumbers -- Areas and seasons. [Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 87-02-013 (Order 86-199), 220-52-072, filed 12/30/86.] Repealed by 87-23-006 (Order 87-187), filed 11/6/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080.
220-52-074 Sea urchin -- Areas and seasons. [Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 86-20-028 (Order 86-123), 220-52-074, filed 9/23/86; 85-24-044 (Order 85-189), 220-52-074, filed 11/27/85; 85-01-010 (Order 84-214), 220-52-074, filed 12/7/84; 83-04-025 (Order 83-04), 220-52-074, filed 1/27/83; 80-13-064 (Order 80-123), 220-52-074, filed 9/17/80; 79-02-053 (Order 79-6), 220-52-074, filed 1/30/79; Order 77-145, 220-52-074, filed 12/13/77; Order 76-152, 220-52-074, filed 12/17/76.] Repealed by 87-23-006 (Order 87-187), filed 11/6/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080.



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220-52-001
Shellfish Geographical definitions.
(1) "Puget Sound" means Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Areas 20A, 20B, 21A, 21B, 22A, 22B, 23A, 23B, 23C, 23D, 24A, 24B, 24C, 25A, 25B, 25C, 25D, 25E, 26A, 26B, 26C, 26D, 27A, 27B, 27C, 28A, 28B, 28C, 28D, and 29.

(2) "Grays Harbor" means Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 60B.

(3) "Willapa Harbor" means Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 60C.

(4) "Columbia River" means Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 60D.

(5) "Coastal Waters" means Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Areas 58B, 59A, 59B, and 60A.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), 220-52-001, filed 3/27/84.]




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220-52-010
Shellfish Unlawful acts.
(1) It is unlawful to take oysters or clams for commercial purposes from tidelands reserved for public use unless authorized by a permit issued by the director.

(2)(a) It is unlawful to take shellfish for commercial purposes from state oyster reserves without permission of the director of fisheries.

(b) Licensing: An oyster reserve fishery license is the license required to take shellfish for commercial purposes from state oyster reserves.

(3) All geoduck and mechanical clam harvester vessels shall be issued an identification number. It is unlawful to fail to place this number in a visible location on each side of the vessel and on the top of the cabin or deck awning to be visible from the air. A sign board or banner arranged so the numbers can be seen at all times from directly overhead may be substituted if the vessel does not have a fixed roof. The numbers shall be black on a white background and shall be not less than 18 inches high and of proportionate width.

(4) It shall be unlawful for a commercial clam digger to harvest clams from intertidal ground without having on his person a signed authorization from the registered clam farmer for whom he is harvesting. The digger will also be required to have suitable personal identification with him when engaged in clam harvesting. The authorization from the registered clam farmer must be legible, dated and must contain the date on which the authorization expires, provided that in no instance may the authorization go beyond the end of any calendar year. The authorization must additionally contain the name of each bay or area where the registered clam farmer has owned or leased ground from which the named clam digger is authorized to harvest.

(5)(a) It is unlawful to fish for or possess ghost or mud shrimp taken for commercial purposes unless authorized by a permit issued by the director.

(b) Licensing: A burrowing shrimp fishery license is the license required to take ghost or mud shrimp for commercial purposes.

(6) It is unlawful to set any shellfish pot gear such that the pot is not covered by water at all tide levels.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 94-12-009 (Order 94-23), 220-52-010, filed 5/19/94, effective 6/19/94; 88-12-025 (Order 88-28), 220-52-010, filed 5/25/88, effective 8/22/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080 and 75.58.040. 86-19-043 (Order 86-102), 220-52-010, filed 9/12/86. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), 220-52-010, filed 3/27/84; Order 77-145, 220-52-010, filed 12/13/77; Order 1258, 220-52-010, filed 8/25/75; Order 857, 220-52-010, filed 12/11/69; Order 807, 220-52-010, filed 1/2/69, effective 2/1/69; subsections 1, 3-5, Orders 414, 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 2, Orders 443, 256, filed 3/1/60.]




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220-52-018
Clams Gear.
It shall be unlawful to take, dig for or possess clams, geoducks, or mussels taken for commercial purposes from any of the tidelands in the state of Washington except with a pick, mattock, fork or shovel operated by hand, except:

(1) Permits for the use of mechanical clam digging devices to take clams other than geoducks may be obtained from the director of fisheries subject to the following conditions:

(a) Any or all types of mechanical devices used in the taking or harvesting of shellfish must be approved by the director of fisheries.

(b) A separate permit shall be required for each and every device and the permit shall be attached to the specific unit at all times.

(c) All types of clams to be taken for commercial use must be of legal size and in season during the proposed operations unless otherwise provided in specially authorized permits for the transplanting of seed to growing areas or for research purposes.

(d) The holder of a permit to take shellfish from tidelands by mechanical means shall limit operations to privately owned or leased land.

(e) The taking of clams from bottoms under navigable water below the level of mean lower low water by any mechanical device shall be prohibited except as authorized by the director of fisheries. Within the enclosed bays and channels of Puget Sound, Strait of Juan de Fuca, Grays Harbor and Willapa Harbor, the operators of all mechanical devices shall confine their operations to bottoms leased from the Washington department of natural resources, subject to the approval of the director of fisheries. The harvesting of shellfish from bottoms of the Pacific Ocean westward from the western shores of the state shall not be carried out in waters less than two fathoms deep at mean lower low water. In said waters more than two fathoms deep the director of fisheries may reserve all or certain areas thereof and prevent the taking of shellfish in any quantity from such reserves established on the ocean bottoms.

(f) Noncompliance with any part of these regulations or with special requirements of individual permits will result in immediate cancellation of and/or subsequent nonrenewal of all permits held by the operator.

(g) Applications must be made on the forms provided by the department of fisheries and permits must be in the possession of the operator before digging commences.

(h) All permits to take or harvest shellfish by mechanical means shall expire on December 31 of the year of issue.

(i) All mechanical clam harvesting machines must have approved instrumentation that will provide deck readout of water pressure.

(j) All clam harvest machines operating on intertidal grounds where less than ten percent of the substrate material is above 500 microns in size must be equipped with a propeller guard suitable for reducing the average propeller wash velocity at the end of the guard to approximately twenty-five percent of the average propeller wash velocity at the propeller. The propeller guard must also be positioned to provide an upward deflection to propeller wash.

(k) Clam harvest machines operating in fine substrate material where less than ten percent of the substrate material is above 500 microns in size, shall have a maximum harvest head width of 3 feet (overall) and the maximum pump volume as specified by the department of fisheries commensurate with the basic hydraulic relationship of 828 gpm at 30 pounds per square inch, pressure to be measured at the pump discharge.

(l) Clam harvest machines operating in coarser substrate material where more than ten percent of the substrate material is above 500 microns in size, shall have a maximum harvest head width of 4 feet (overall) and a maximum pump volume as specified by the department of fisheries commensurate with a basic hydraulic relationship of 1,252 gpm at 45 pounds per square inch, pressure to be measured at the pump discharge.

(m) All clam harvest machine operators must submit accurate performance data showing revolutions per minute, gallons per minute, and output pressure for the water pump on their machine. In addition, they shall furnish the number and sizes of the hydraulic jets on the machines. If needed, the operator shall thereafter modify the machine (install a sealed pressure relief valve) as specified by the department of fisheries to conform with values set forth in either WAC 220-52-018 (11) or (12) of this section. Thereafter, it shall be illegal to make unauthorized changes to the clam harvester water pump or the hydraulic jets. Exact description of the pump volume, maximum pressure and number and size of the hydraulic jet for each harvester machine shall be included in the department of fisheries' clam harvest permit.

(n) All clam harvest machines shall be equipped with a 3/4-inch pipe thread tap and valve that will allow rapid coupling of a pressure gauge for periodic testing by enforcement personnel.

(o) Each mechanical clam harvester must have controls so arranged and situated near the operator which will allow the operator to immediately cut off the flow of water to the jet manifold without affecting the capability of the vessel to maneuver.

(p) Licensing: A hardshell clam mechanical harvester fishery license is the license required to operate the mechanical harvester gear provided for in this section.

(2) Aquatic farmers may harvest geoducks that are private sector cultured aquatic product by means of water pumps and nozzles.

(3) Persons may harvest nonstate tideland wild geoducks under a nonstate lands commercial wild clam, mussel and oyster trial fishery permit by means of water pumps and nozzles.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047. 06-04-015 (Order 06-08), 220-52-018, filed 1/22/06, effective 2/22/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 94-12-009 (Order 94-23), 220-52-018, filed 5/19/94, effective 6/19/94; 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), 220-52-018, filed 3/27/84; 79-02-053 (Order 79-6), 220-52-018, filed 1/30/79; Order 76-152, 220-52-018, filed 12/17/76; Order 1258, 220-52-018, filed 8/25/75; Order 807, 220-52-018, filed 1/2/69, effective 2/1/69. Formerly WAC 220-52-010(2).]




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220-52-019
Geoduck clams Gear and unlawful acts.
(1) It is unlawful to take, fish for or possess geoduck clams taken for commercial purposes from any of the beds of navigable waters of the state of Washington except as provided in RCW 75.24.100 and rules of the director.

(2)(a) Only a manually operated water jet, the nozzle of which shall not exceed 5/8 inch inside diameter may be used to commercially harvest geoduck clams. Use of any other gear requires a permit from the director.

(b) It is unlawful in the commercial harvest of geoducks for through-hull fittings for water discharge hoses connected to the harvest gear to be below the surface of the water. Any through-hull fitting connected to the harvest gear which is above the surface of the water must be visible at all times.

(3) It is unlawful to take or fish for geoduck clams taken for commercial purposes between one-half hour before official sunset or 7:00 p.m. whichever is earlier and 7:00 a.m. No geoduck harvest vessel may be on a geoduck tract or harvest area after 7:30 p.m. or before 6:30 a.m. It is unlawful to take or fish for geoduck clams on Sundays or on state holidays as defined by the office of financial management. It is unlawful to possess geoduck clams taken in violation of this section.

(4) It is unlawful to harvest geoduck clams with any instrument that penetrates the skin, neck or body of the geoduck.

(5) It is unlawful to possess only the siphon or neck portion of a geoduck clam aboard a geoduck harvest vessel, except when a geoduck is incidentally damaged during harvest and must be reported under a department of natural resources harvest agreement.

(6) It is unlawful to retain any food fish or shellfish other than geoduck clams during geoduck harvesting operations, except for horse clams (Tresus capax and Tresus nuttallii) when horse clam harvest is provided for under a department of natural resources harvest agreement.

(7) It is unlawful for more than two divers from any one geoduck harvest vessel to be in the water at any one time.

(8) The following documents must be on board the geoduck harvesting vessel at all times during geoduck operations:

(a) A copy of the department of natural resources geoduck harvesting agreement for the tract or area where harvesting is occurring;

(b) A map of the geoduck tract or harvest area and complete tract or harvest area boundary identification documents or photographs issued by the department of natural resources for the tract or harvest area;

(c) A geoduck diver license for each diver on board the harvest vessel or in the water; and

(d) A geoduck fishery license as described in WAC 220-52-01901.

(9) It is unlawful to process geoducks on board any harvest vessel.

(10) It is unlawful to take or fish for geoduck clams for commercial purposes outside the tract or harvest area designated in the department of natural resources geoduck harvesting agreement required by subsection (8)(a) of this section. It is unlawful to possess geoduck clams taken in violation of this subsection.

(11) It is unlawful to harvest geoduck clams in areas deeper than seventy feet below mean lower low water (0.0 ft.).

(12) Holders of geoduck fishery licenses shall comply with all applicable commercial diving safety regulations adopted by the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration established under the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, 29 U.S.C. 651 et seq. Some of those regulations appear at 29 C.F.R. Part 1910, Subpart T.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047. 06-17-056 (Order 06-197), 220-52-019, filed 8/10/06, effective 9/10/06; 03-10-008 (Order 03-81), 220-52-019, filed 4/25/03, effective 5/26/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 94-12-009 (Order 94-23), 220-52-019, filed 5/19/94, effective 6/19/94; 93-15-051, 220-52-019, filed 7/14/93, effective 8/14/93; 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), 220-52-019, filed 3/27/84; 81-11-006 (Order 81-31), 220-52-019, filed 5/11/81; 79-12-039 (Order 79-129), 220-52-019, filed 11/20/79; 79-02-053 (Order 79-6), 220-52-019, filed 1/30/79; Order 77-65, 220-52-019, filed 8/5/77 and 8/25/77; Order 76-152, 220-52-019, filed 12/17/76; Order 76-26, 220-52-019, filed 1:45 p.m., 4/20/76; Order 1258, 220-52-019, filed 8/25/75; Order 857, 220-52-019, filed 12/11/69.]




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220-52-01901
Geoduck licenses.
(1) A geoduck fishery license issued by the director is required for the commercial harvest of geoduck clams. Geoduck fishery licenses were previously called "geoduck validations."

(2) Only persons holding current geoduck harvest agreements from the department of natural resources or their agents may apply for geoduck fishery licenses. An application for a geoduck fishery license must be on a form provided by the department, must be complete, and must be accompanied by a copy of the geoduck harvest agreement for which the license is sought.

(3) Each geoduck fishery license authorizes the use of two water jets or other units of geoduck harvest gear. Gear must meet the requirements of WAC 220-52-019(2). A geoduck fishery license card is a "license card" under WAC 220-69-270.

(4) The director may suspend or revoke a geoduck license used in violation of commercial diving safety regulations, including 29 C.F.R. Part 1910, Subpart T, adopted under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. The procedures of chapter 34.05 RCW apply to such suspensions or revocations. If there is a substantial probability that a violation of commercial diving safety regulations could result in death or serious physical harm to a person engaged in harvesting geoduck clams, the director may suspend the license immediately until the violation has been corrected. The director shall not revoke a geoduck license if the holder of the harvesting agreement corrects the violation within ten days of receiving written notice of the violation.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 94-12-009 (Order 94-23), 220-52-01901, filed 5/19/94, effective 6/19/94; 93-15-051, 220-52-01901, filed 7/14/93, effective 8/14/93; 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), 220-52-01901, filed 3/27/84; 80-13-064 (Order 80-123), 220-52-01901, filed 9/17/80; 79-12-039 (Order 79-129), 220-52-01901, filed 11/20/79; Order 77-65, 220-52-01901, filed 8/5/77 and 8/25/77.]




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220-52-020
Clams Commercial harvest.
It shall be unlawful to take, dig for or possess clams except razor clams, cockles, borers or mussels taken for commercial purposes from the tidelands of the state of Washington except from registered aquaculture farms or from nonstate tidelands under a nonstate lands commercial wild clam, mussel and oyster trial fishery permit.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047. 06-17-058 (Order 06-200), 220-52-020, filed 8/10/06, effective 9/10/06; 06-04-015 (Order 06-08), 220-52-020, filed 1/22/06, effective 2/22/06; 03-16-099 (Order 03-176), 220-52-020, filed 8/6/03, effective 9/6/03; 01-02-059 (Order 00-264), 220-52-020, filed 12/29/00, effective 1/29/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 94-12-009 (Order 94-23), 220-52-020, filed 5/19/94, effective 6/19/94; 91-10-024 (Order 91-22), 220-52-020, filed 4/23/91, effective 5/24/91; 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), 220-52-020, filed 3/27/84; Order 807, 220-52-020, filed 1/2/69, effective 2/1/69; subsections 1 and 2 from Order 679, filed 4/20/66; subsections 1, 1a, 2 from Orders 351 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 1b from Order 605, filed 4/21/64; Orders 443 and 256, filed 3/1/60.]




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220-52-030
Clams Coastal Seasons and areas.
(1)(a) It shall be lawful to take, dig for or possess clams, cockles, borers and mussels taken for commercial purposes, not including razor clams, from the tidelands of registered aquaculture farms in Grays Harbor and Willapa Harbor the entire year.

(b) Licensing: No fishery license is required to retain clams taken from registered aquaculture farms but registration is required prior to commercial harvest.

(2)(a) It shall be unlawful to take, dig for or possess razor clams taken for commercial purposes from Washington waters except during commercial razor clam seasons opened by emergency rule.

(b) Licensing: A razor clam fishery license is the license required to take, dig for or possess razor clams for commercial purposes.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047. 05-05-027 (Order 05-17), 220-52-030, filed 2/10/05, effective 3/13/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 94-12-009 (Order 94-23), 220-52-030, filed 5/19/94, effective 6/19/94; 91-10-024 (Order 91-22), 220-52-030, filed 4/23/91, effective 5/24/91; 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), 220-52-030, filed 3/27/84; Order 807, 220-52-030, filed 1/2/69, effective 2/1/69; Order 770 B, 220-52-030, filed 2/15/68; Order 718, 1, filed 1/26/67; subsection 1 from Order 679, filed 4/20/66; Orders 443 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 2 from Order 673, filed 1/24/66; Order 631, filed 1/13/65; Order 599, filed 1/29/64; Order 566, filed 2/8/63; Order 540, filed 1/15/62; Order 524, filed 2/6/61; Order 510, filed 7/8/60; Order 508, filed 4/29/60; Order 506, filed 3/16/60; Orders 482 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 3 from Order 673, filed 1/24/66; Order 599, filed 1/29/64; Orders 499 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 4 from Order 599, filed 1/29/64; Order 567, filed 2/15/63; Order 524, filed 2/6/61; Order 506, filed 3/16/60; Orders 482 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 5 from Order 673, filed 1/24/66.]




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220-52-035
Commercial shellfish pot gear Escape mechanism required.
It is unlawful to fish for or possess crab, shrimp, or crawfish taken for commercial purposes with shellfish pot gear unless the gear allows for escapement using at least one of the following methods:

(1) Attachment of pot lid hooks or tiedown straps with a single strand or loop of untreated cotton twine or other natural fiber no larger than thread size 120 so that the pot lid will open freely if the twine or fiber is broken.

(2) An opening in the pot mesh no less than three inches by five inches which is laced or sewn closed with untreated cotton twine or other natural fiber no larger than thread size 120. The opening must be located within the top half of the pot and be unimpeded by the entry tunnels, bait boxes, or any other structures or materials.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047. 06-07-044 (Order 06-38), 220-52-035, filed 3/9/06, effective 4/9/06; 03-16-097 (Order 03-180), 220-52-035, filed 8/6/03, effective 9/6/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 87-23-006 (Order 87-187), 220-52-035, filed 11/6/87.]




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220-52-040
Commercial crab fishery Lawful and unlawful gear, methods, and other unlawful acts.
(1) Net fishing boats shall not have crab aboard. It is unlawful for any vessel geared or equipped with commercial net fishing gear to have aboard any quantity of crab while it is fishing with the net gear or when it has other food fish or shellfish aboard for commercial purposes.

(2) Area must be open to commercial crabbing. Unless otherwise provided, it is unlawful to set, maintain, or operate any baited or unbaited shellfish pots or ring nets for taking crabs for commercial purposes in any area or at any time when the location is not opened for taking crabs for commercial purposes by permanent rule or emergency rule of the department: Provided, That following the close of a commercial crab season, permission may be granted by the director or his or her designee on a case-by-case basis for crab fishers to recover shellfish pots that were irretrievable due to extreme weather conditions at the end of the lawful opening. Crab fishers must notify and apply to department enforcement for such permission within twenty-four hours prior to the close of season.

(3) Crabs must be male and 6-1/4 inches. It is unlawful for any person acting for commercial purposes to take, possess, deliver, or otherwise control:

(a) Any female Dungeness crabs; or

(b) Any male Dungeness crabs measuring less than 6-1/4 inches, caliper measurement, across the back immediately in front of the tips.

(4) Each person and each Puget Sound license limited to 100 pots. It is unlawful for any person to take or fish for crab for commercial purposes in the Puget Sound licensing district using, operating, or controlling any more than an aggregate total of 100 shellfish pots or ring nets. This limit shall apply to each license. However, this shall not preclude a person holding two Puget Sound crab licenses from designating and using the licenses from one vessel as authorized by RCW 77.65.130.

(5) Additional area gear limits. The following Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Areas are restricted in the number of pots fished, operated, or used by a person or vessel and it is unlawful for any person to use, maintain, operate, or control pots in excess of the following limits:

(a) 10 pots in Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 25E.

(b) 10 pots in all waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 25A south of a line projected true west from Travis Spit on Miller Peninsula.

(c) 20 pots in that portion of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 25A west of a line projected from the new Dungeness Light to the mouth of Cooper Creek and east of a line projected from the new Dungeness Light to the outermost end of the abandoned dock at the Three Crabs Restaurant on the southern shore of Dungeness Bay.

(d) 10 pots in that portion of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 23D west of a line from the eastern tip of Ediz Hook to the I77 Rayonier Dock.

(6) Groundline gear is unlawful. No crab pot or ring net may be attached or connected to other crab pot or ring net by a common groundline or any other means that connects crab pots together.

(7) Crab buoys and pots tagging requirements.

(a) It is unlawful to place in the water, pull from the water, possess on the water, or transport on the water any crab buoy or crab pot without attached buoy and pot tags that meets the requirements of this subsection.

(b) Coastal crab pot tags: Each shellfish pot used in the coastal Dungeness crab fishery must bear a tag that identifies either the name of the vessel being used to operate the pot or the Dungeness crab fishery license number of the owner of the pot, and the telephone number of a contact person.

(c) Puget Sound crab pot tags: In Puget Sound, all crab pots must have a durable, nonbiodegradable tag securely attached to the pot and permanently and legibly marked with the license owner's name or license number, and telephone number. If the tag information is illegible, or if the tag is lost for any reason, the pot is not in compliance with law.

(d) Crab buoy tags: The department will issue crab pot buoy tags to the owner of each commercial crab fishery license upon payment of an annual buoy tag fee of seventy cents per crab pot buoy tag. Prior to setting gear, each Puget Sound crab license holder must purchase 100 tags, and each coastal crab fisher must purchase 300 or 500 tags, depending on the crab pot limit assigned to the license. Only department-issued crab buoy tags may be used, and each crab pot is required to have a buoy tag.

(e) Puget Sound replacement crab buoy tags: Additional tags to replace lost tags will only be issued to owners of Puget Sound commercial crab fishery licenses who obtain, complete, and sign a declaration under penalty of perjury in the presence of an authorized department employee. The declaration shall state the number of buoy tags lost, the location and date where lost gear or tags were last observed, and the presumed cause of the loss.

(f) Coastal replacement crab buoy tags: Coastal crab license holders with a 300 pot limit will be able to replace up to fifteen lost tags by January 15th, up to a total of thirty lost tags by February 15th, and up to a total of forty-five lost tags after March 15th of each season. Coastal crab license holders with a 500 pot limit will be able to replace up to twenty-five lost tags by January 15th, up to a total of fifty lost tags by February 15th, and up to a total of seventy-five lost tags after March 15th of each season. In the case of extraordinary loss of crab pot gear, the department may, on a case-by-case basis, issue replacement tags in excess of the amount set out in this subsection. Replacement buoy tags for the coastal crab fishery will only be issued after a signed affidavit is received by the department.

(8) No person can possess or use gear with other person's crab pot tag or crab buoy tag. No person may possess, use, control, or operate any crab pot not bearing a tag identifying the pot as that person's, or any buoy not bearing tags issued by the department to that person, except that an alternate operator designated on a primary license may possess and operate crab buoys and crab pots bearing the tags of the license holder.

(9) Cannot tamper with pot tags. No person shall remove, damage, or otherwise tamper with crab buoy or pot tags except when lawfully applying or removing tags on the person's own buoys and pots.

(10) Thirty-day period when it is unlawful to buy or land crab from ocean without crab vessel inspection. It is unlawful for any fisher or wholesale dealer or buyer to land or purchase Dungeness crab taken from Grays Harbor, Willapa Bay, Columbia River, Washington coastal or adjacent waters of the Pacific Ocean during the first thirty days following the opening of a coastal crab season from any vessel which has not been issued a Washington crab vessel inspection certificate. The certificate will be issued to vessels made available for inspection in a Washington coastal port and properly licensed for commercial crab fishing if no Dungeness crabs are aboard. Inspections will be performed by authorized department personnel not earlier than twelve hours prior to the opening of the coastal crab season and during the following thirty-day period.

(11) Grays Harbor pot limit of 200. It is unlawful for any person to take or fish for crab for commercial purposes in Grays Harbor (catch area 60B) with more than 200 shellfish pots in the aggregate. It shall be unlawful for any group of persons using the same vessel to take or fish for crab for commercial purposes in Grays Harbor with more than 200 shellfish pots.

(12) Coastal crab pot limit.

(a) It is unlawful for a person to take or fish for Dungeness crab for commercial purposes in Grays Harbor, Willapa Bay, the Columbia River, or waters of the Pacific Ocean adjacent to the state of Washington unless a shellfish pot limit has been assigned to the Dungeness crab-coastal fishery license held by the person, or to the equivalent Oregon or California Dungeness crab fishery license held by the person.

(b) It is unlawful for a person to deploy or fish more shellfish pots than the number of shellfish pots assigned to the license held by that person, and it is unlawful to use any vessel other than the vessel designated on a license to operate or possess shellfish pots assigned to that license.

(c) It is unlawful for a person to take or fish for Dungeness crab or to deploy shellfish pots unless the person is in possession of valid documentation issued by the department that specifies the shellfish pot limit assigned to the license.

(13) Determination of coastal crab pot limits.

(a) The number of shellfish pots assigned to a Washington Dungeness crab-coastal fishery license, or to an equivalent Oregon or California Dungeness crab fishery license will be based on documented landings of Dungeness crab taken from waters of the Pacific Ocean south of the United States/Canada border and west of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line, and from coastal estuaries in the states of Washington, Oregon and California. Documented landings may be evidenced only by valid Washington state shellfish receiving tickets, or equivalent valid documents from the states of Oregon and California, that show Dungeness crab were taken between December 1, 1996, and September 16, 1999. Such documents must have been received by the respective states no later than October 15, 1999.

(b) The following criteria shall be used to determine and assign a shellfish pot limit to a Dungeness crab-coastal fishery license, or to an equivalent Oregon or California Dungeness crab fishery license:

(i) The three "qualifying coastal Dungeness crab seasons" are from December 1, 1996, through September 15, 1997, from December 1, 1997, through September 15, 1998, and from December 1, 1998, through September 15, 1999. Of the three qualifying seasons, the one with the most poundage of Dungeness crab landed on a license shall determine the crab pot limit for that license. A crab pot limit of 300 shall be assigned to a license with landings that total from zero to 35,999 pounds and a crab pot limit of 500 shall be assigned to a license with landings that total 36,000 pounds or more.

(ii) Landings of Dungeness crab made in the states of Oregon or California on valid Dungeness crab fisheries licenses during a qualifying season may be used for purposes of assigning a shellfish pot limit to a Dungeness crab fishery license, provided that documentation of the landings is provided to the department by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and/or the California Department of Fish and Game. Landings of Dungeness crab made in Washington, Oregon, and California on valid Dungeness crab fishery licenses during a qualifying season may be combined for purposes of assigning a shellfish pot limit, provided that the same vessel was named on the licenses, and the same person held the licenses. A shellfish pot limit assigned as a result of combined landings is invalidated by any subsequent split in ownership of the licenses. No vessel named on a Dungeness crab fishery license shall be assigned more than one shellfish pot limit.

(14) Appeals of coastal crab pot limits. An appeal of a shellfish pot limit by a coastal commercial license holder shall be filed with the department on or before October 18, 2001. The shellfish pot limit assigned to a license by the department shall remain in effect until such time as the appeal process is concluded.

(15) Coastal - Barging of crab pots by undesignated vessels. It is lawful for a vessel not designated on a Dungeness crab-coastal fishery license to be used to deploy shellfish pot gear provided that:

(a) Such a vessel may not carry aboard more than 150 shellfish pots at any one time.

(b) Such a vessel may deploy shellfish pot gear only during the 64-hour period immediately preceding the season opening date and during the 48-hour period immediately following the season opening date.

(c) The lawful owner of the shellfish pot gear must be aboard the vessel when the gear is being deployed.

(16) Coastal crab buoys - Registration and use of buoy brands and colors.

(a) It is unlawful for any coastal Dungeness crab fishery license holder to fish for crab unless the license holder has registered the buoy brand and buoy color(s) to be used with the license. A license holder shall be allowed to register with the department only one, unique buoy brand and one buoy color scheme per license. Persons holding more than one license state shall register buoy color(s) for each license that are distinctly different. The buoy color(s) shall be shown in a color photograph.

(b) It is unlawful for a coastal Dungeness crab fishery license holder to fish for crab using any other buoy brand or color(s) than those registered with and assigned to the license by the department.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047. 05-21-068 (Order 05-246), 220-52-040, filed 10/14/05, effective 11/14/05; 01-20-066 (Order 01-219), 220-52-040, filed 9/28/01, effective 10/29/01; 01-18-005 (Order 01-180), 220-52-040, filed 8/22/01, effective 9/22/01; 01-11-009 (Order 01-74), 220-52-040, filed 5/3/01, effective 6/3/01; 00-18-005 (Order 00-164), 220-52-040, filed 8/23/00, effective 9/23/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 98-19-012 (Order 98-185), 220-52-040, filed 9/4/98, effective 10/5/98; 98-05-043, 220-52-040, filed 2/11/98, effective 3/14/98; 97-08-052 (Order 97-55), 220-52-040, filed 3/31/97, effective 5/1/97; 94-12-009 (Order 94-23), 220-52-040, filed 5/19/94, effective 6/19/94; 91-10-024 (Order 91-22), 220-52-040, filed 4/23/91, effective 5/24/91; 85-01-010 (Order 84-214), 220-52-040, filed 12/7/84; 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), 220-52-040, filed 3/27/84; 83-01-026 (Order 82-221), 220-52-040, filed 12/8/82; 80-13-064 (Order 80-123), 220-52-040, filed 9/17/80; 79-02-053 (Order 79-6), 220-52-040, filed 1/30/79; Order 77-145, 220-52-040, filed 12/13/77; Order 76-152, 220-52-040, filed 12/17/76; Order 76-26, 220-52-040, filed 1:45 p.m., 4/20/76; Order 1045, 220-52-040, filed 3/8/73; Order 807, 220-52-040, filed 1/2/69, effective 2/1/69; subsections 1, 5, 6, from Orders 409 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 2 from Orders 500 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 3 from Order 528, filed 6/1/61; Order 525, filed 5/3/61; Order 507, filed 4/8/60; Orders 409 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 4 from Order 528, filed 6/1/61; Order 525, filed 5/3/61; Orders 409 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 7 from Orders 414 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 8 from Orders 410 and 256, filed 3/1/60; subsection 9 from Order 409, filed 9/14/56.]




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220-52-043
Commercial crab fishery Additional gear and license use requirements.
(1) Commercial gear limited to pots and ring nets. It shall be unlawful to take or fish for crabs for commercial purposes except with shellfish pots and ring nets.

(2) Commercial gear escape rings and ports defined. It shall be unlawful to use or operate any shellfish pot gear in the commercial Dungeness crab fishery unless such gear meets the following requirements:

(a) Pot gear must have not less than two escape rings or ports not less than 4-1/4 inches inside diameter.

(b) Escape rings or ports described above must be located in the upper half of the trap.

(3) Commercial crab gear buoy tag requirements.

(a) In coastal waters each crab pot must have the department-issued buoy tag securely attached to the first buoy on the crab pot buoy line (the buoy closest to the crab pot), and the buoy tag must be attached to the end of that buoy, at the end away from the crab pot buoy line.

(b) In Puget Sound all crab buoys must have the buoy tag issued to the license owner by the department attached to the outermost end of the buoy line.

(c) If more than one buoy is attached to a pot, only one buoy tag is required.

(4) Puget Sound - Description of lawful buoys. All buoys attached to commercial crab gear in Puget Sound waters must consist of a durable material and remain floating on the water's surface when five pounds of weight is attached. It is unlawful to use bleach or antifreeze bottles or any other container as a float. All buoys fished under a single license must be marked in a uniform manner using one buoy brand number registered by the license holder with the department and be of identical color or color combinations. No buoys attached to commercial crab gear in Puget Sound may be both red and white in color unless a minimum of thirty percent of the surface of each buoy is also prominently marked with an additional color or colors other than red or white, as the red and white colors are reserved for personal use crab gear as described in WAC 220-56-320 (1)(c).

(5) Commercial crab license requirements. In addition to, and separate from, all requirements in this chapter that govern the time, area, gear, and method for crab fishing, landing, possession, or delivery of crabs, no commercial crab fishing is allowed except when properly licensed. A person may take, fish for, land, or deliver crabs for commercial purposes in Washington or coastal waters only when the person has the license required by statute, or when the person is a properly designated alternative operator to a valid license. For Puget Sound, a person must have a "Dungeness crab - Puget Sound" fishery license provided by RCW 77.65.130. For coastal waters, such person must have a "Dungeness crab - Coastal" fishery license provided by RCW 77.65.130. To use ring nets instead of or in addition to pots, then the licensee must also have the "Crab ring net - Puget Sound" or "Crab ring net - non-Puget Sound" license in RCW 77.65.130. Qualifications for the limited entry licenses, requirements for designating vessels, and use of alternate operators is provided by and controlled by chapters 77.65 and 77.70 RCW.

(6) Maximum size for commercial crab pots. It is unlawful to commercially fish a crab pot greater than thirteen cubic feet in volume used to fish for or take Dungeness crab from state or offshore waters.

(7) Incidental catch may not be retained. It is unlawful to retain salmon, food fish, or any shellfish other than octopus that is taken incidental to any crab fishing.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047. 06-17-058 (Order 06-200), 220-52-043, filed 8/10/06, effective 9/10/06; 06-01-013 (Order 05-275), 220-52-043, filed 12/9/05, effective 1/9/06; 05-21-068 (Order 05-246), 220-52-043, filed 10/14/05, effective 11/14/05; 01-18-005 (Order 01-180), 220-52-043, filed 8/22/01, effective 9/22/01; 00-18-005 (Order 00-164), 220-52-043, filed 8/23/00, effective 9/23/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 75.08.080. 98-19-012 (Order 98-185), 220-52-043, filed 9/4/98, effective 10/5/98; 94-12-009 (Order 94-23), 220-52-043, filed 5/19/94, effective 6/19/94; 93-15-051, 220-52-043, filed 7/14/93, effective 8/14/93; 84-08-014 (Order 84-24), 220-52-043, filed 3/27/84; 79-02-053 (Order 79-6), 220-52-043, filed 1/30/79; Order 77-145, 220-52-043, filed 12/13/77; Order 1179, 220-52-043, filed 11/19/74; Order 807, 220-52-043, filed 1/2/69, effective 2/1/69. Formerly WAC 220-52-040(1).]




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220-52-046
Crab fishery Seasons and areas.
"Commercial crab fishing" means any taking, fishing, use, or operation of gear to fish for crabs for commercial purposes, and shall include the possession of crab on the water for commercial purposes, and the landing or initial delivery of crab for commercial purposes.

The lawful open times and areas for commercial crab fishing are as follows:

(1) All Puget Sound Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Areas are open for commercial crab fishing beginning 8:00 a.m. October 1st through the following April 15th and, after 8:00 a.m. October 1st, from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset, except as provided by other subsections below.

(2) For purposes of crab harvest allocation, fishing season, and catch reporting, the Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Areas (Catch Areas) are modified as follows:

(a) Catch Area 26A-E shall include those waters of Puget Sound south of a line from Sandy Point (on Whidbey Island) to Camano Head and from Camano Head to the north tip of Gedney Island, and from the southern tip of Gedney Island east to the mainland, and north and east of a line that extends from Possession Point to the shipwreck located .8 nautical miles north of Picnic Point.

(b) Catch Area 26A-W shall include those waters of Puget Sound south and east of a line from Foulweather Bluff to Double Bluff, and northerly of a line from Apple Cove Point to Point Edwards, and south and west of a line that extends from Possession Point to the shipwreck located .8 nautical miles north of Picnic Point.

(3) The following areas are closed to commercial crab fishing except for treaty Indian commercial crab fishing where the treaty Indian crab fisher is following tribal openings that are in accordance with provisions of court orders in United States v. Washington:

(a) Areas 25C, 26B, 26C, 26D, 27A, 27B, 27C, 28A, 28B, 28C, and 28D.

(b) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 20A in Lummi Bay east of a line projected from the entrance buoy at Sandy Point to Gooseberry Point.

(c) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 21A in Bellingham Bay west of a line projected from the exposed boulder at Point Francis to the pilings at Stevie's Point.

(d) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 24A east of a line projected north from the most westerly tip of Skagit Island and extending south to the most westerly tip of Hope Island, thence southeast to Seal Rocks, thence southeast to the green can buoy at the mouth of Swinomish Channel, thence easterly to the west side of Goat Island.

(e) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 24B inside a line projected from Priest Point to the five-meter tower between Gedney Island and Priest Point, thence northwesterly on a line between the five-meter tower and Barnum Point to the intersection with a line projected true west from Kayak Point, thence east to shore.

(f) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 25A west of a line from the new Dungeness Light to the abandoned dock at the Three Crabs Restaurant.

(g) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 25D within a line projected from the Point Hudson Marina entrance to the northern tip of Indian Island, thence to Kala Point, and thence following the shoreline to the point of origin.

(4) The following areas are closed to commercial crab fishing during the periods indicated:

(a) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 20A between a line from the boat ramp at the western boundary of Birch Bay State Park to the western point of the entrance of the Birch Bay Marina and a line from the same boat ramp to Birch Point are closed October 1 through October 31 and March 1 through April 15.

(b) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 24C inshore of the 400 foot depth contour within an area bounded by parallel lines projected northeasterly from Sandy Point and the entrance to the marina at Langley are closed October 1 through October 15.

(c) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 26A-W in Useless Bay north and east of a line from the south end of the Double Bluff State Park seawall (4758.782'N, 12230.840'W) projected 110 degrees true to the boulder on shore (4757.690'N, 12226.742'W) are closed from October 1 through October 15.

(d) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 22B in Fidalgo Bay south of a line projected from the red number 4 entrance buoy at Cap Sante Marina to the northern end of the eastern most oil dock are closed October 1 through October 31, and March 1 through April 15 of each year.

(e) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 22A in Deer Harbor north of a line projected from Steep Point to Pole Pass are closed October 1 through October 31 and March 1 through April 15.

(f) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 26A-E east of a line that extends true north from the green No. 1 buoy at Possession Point to Possession Point and west of a line from the green No. 1 buoy at Possession Point northward along the 200-foot depth contour to the Glendale Dock are closed October 1 through October 15.

(5) The following areas are closed to commercial crab fishing until further notice:

(a) Those waters of Area 25E south of a line from Contractors Point to Tukey Point.

(b) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 24A within a line projected from Rocky Point northeast to the red number 2 buoy north of Ustalady Point, thence to Brown Point on the northeast corner of Ustalady Bay.

(c) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 24D south of a line from the point at the southern end of Honeymoon Bay (4803.047'N, 12232.306'W) to the point just north of Beverly Beach.

(d) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 26A east of a line projected from the outermost tip of the ferry dock at Mukilteo to the green #3 buoy at the mouth of the Snohomish River and west of a line projected from the #3 buoy southward to the oil boom pier on the shoreline.

(e) Those waters of Marine Fish-Shellfish Management and Catch Reporting Area 21B in Samish Bay south of a line from Point Williams to Fish Point in waters shallower than 60 feet in depth. (continued)