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CHAP 340 DIVISION 200 GENERAL AIR POLLUTION PROCEDURES AND DEFINITIONS
The Oregon Administrative Rules contain OARs filed through July 14, 2006
DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
GENERAL AIR POLLUTION
PROCEDURES AND DEFINITIONS
Purpose and Application
(1) This division provides general air pollution procedures and definitions that apply to all air quality rules in divisions 200 through 268.
(2) Divisions 200 through 268 apply in addition to all other rules adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission. In cases of apparent conflict between rules within these divisions, the most stringent rule applies unless otherwise expressly stated.
(3) The Department administers divisions 200 through 268 in all areas of the State of Oregon except in Lane County where Lane Regional Air Pollution Authority administers the air pollution control regulations.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468 & ORS 468A
Hist.: DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99; DEQ 6-2001, f. 6-18-01, cert. ef. 7-1-01
General Air Quality Definitions
As used in divisions 200 through 268, unless specifically defined otherwise:
(1) "Act" or "FCAA" means the Federal Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C.A. ¦¦ 7401 to 7671q.
(2) "Activity" means any process, operation, action, or reaction (e.g., chemical) at a source that emits a regulated pollutant.
(3) "Actual emissions" means the mass emissions of a pollutant from an emissions source during a specified time period.
(a) For determining actual emissions as of the baseline period:
(A) Except as provided in paragraph (B), actual emissions equal the average rate at which the source actually emitted the pollutant during a baseline period and that represents normal source operation;
(B) The Department presumes that the source-specific mass emissions limit included in a source's permit that was effective on September 8, 1981 is equivalent to the source's actual emissions during the baseline period if it is within 10% of the actual emissions calculated under paragraph (A).
(C) For any source that had not begun normal operation, actual emissions equal the potential to emit of the source.
(b) For determining actual emissions for Emission Statements under OAR 340-214-0200 through 340-214-0220 and Oregon Title V Operating Permit Fees under OAR 340 division 220, actual emissions include, but are not limited to, routine process emissions, fugitive emissions, excess emissions from maintenance, startups and shutdowns, equipment malfunction, and other activities, except categorically insignificant activities and secondary emissions.
(c) For Oregon Title V Operating Permit Fees under OAR 340 division 220, actual emissions must be directly measured with a continuous monitoring system or calculated using a material balance or verified emission factor in combination with the source's actual operating hours, production rates, or types of materials processed, stored, or combusted during the specified time period.
(4) "Adjacent" means interdependent facilities that are nearby to each other.
(5) "Affected source" means a source that includes one or more affected units that are subject to emission reduction requirements or limitations under Title IV of the FCAA.
(6) "Affected states" means all states:
(a) Whose air quality may be affected by a proposed permit, permit modification, or permit renewal and that are contiguous to Oregon; or
(b) That are within 50 miles of the permitted source.
(7) "Aggregate insignificant emissions" means the annual actual emissions of any regulated air pollutant from one or more designated activities at a source that are less than or equal to the lowest applicable level specified in this section. The total emissions from each designated activity and the aggregate emissions from all designated activities must be less than or equal to the lowest applicable level specified.
(a) One ton for total reduced sulfur, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid mist, any Class I or II substance subject to a standard promulgated under or established by Title VI of the Act, and each criteria pollutant, except lead;
(b) 120 pounds for lead;
(c) 600 pounds for fluoride;
(d) 500 pounds for PM10 in a PM10 nonattainment area;
(e) The lesser of the amount established in OAR 340-244-0040, Table 1 or 340-244-0230, Table 3, or 1,000 pounds;
(f) An aggregate of 5,000 pounds for all Hazardous Air Pollutants.
(8) "Air Contaminant" means a dust, fume, gas, mist, odor, smoke, vapor, pollen, soot, carbon, acid or particulate matter, or any combination thereof.
(9) "Air Contaminant Discharge Permit" or "ACDP" means a written permit issued, renewed, amended, or revised by the Department, pursuant to OAR 340 division 216.
(10) "Alternative method" means any method of sampling and analyzing for an air pollutant that is not a reference or equivalent method but has been demonstrated to the Department's satisfaction to, in specific cases, produce results adequate for determination of compliance. An alternative method used to meet an applicable federal requirement for which a reference method is specified must be approved by EPA unless EPA has delegated authority for the approval to the Department.
(11) "Applicable requirement" means all of the following as they apply to emissions units in an Oregon Title V Operating Permit program source or ACDP program source, including requirements that have been promulgated or approved by the EPA through rule making at the time of issuance but have future-effective compliance dates:
(a) Any standard or other requirement provided for in the applicable implementation plan approved or promulgated by the EPA through rulemaking under Title I of the Act that implements the relevant requirements of the Act, including any revisions to that plan promulgated in 40 CFR Part 52;
(b) Any standard or other requirement adopted under OAR 340-200-0040 of the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan, that is more stringent than the federal standard or requirement which has not yet been approved by the EPA, and other state-only enforceable air pollution control requirements;
(c) Any term or condition in an ACDP, OAR 340 division 216, including any term or condition of any preconstruction permits issued pursuant to OAR 340 division 224, New Source Review, until or unless the Department revokes or modifies the term or condition by a permit modification;
(d) Any term or condition in a Notice of Construction and Approval of Plans, OAR 340-210-0200 through 340-210-0240, until or unless the Department revokes or modifies the term or condition by a Notice of Construction and Approval of Plans or a permit modification;
(e) Any term or condition in a Notice of Approval, OAR 340-218-0190, issued before July 1, 2001, until or unless the Department revokes or modifies the term or condition by a Notice of Approval or a permit modification;
(f) Any term or condition of a PSD permit issued by the EPA until or unless the EPA revokes or modifies the term or condition by a permit modification;
(g) Any standard or other requirement under section 111 of the Act, including section 111(d);
(h) Any standard or other requirement under section 112 of the Act, including any requirement concerning accident prevention under section 112(r)(7) of the Act;
(i) Any standard or other requirement of the acid rain program under Title IV of the Act or the regulations promulgated thereunder;
(j) Any requirements established pursuant to section 504(b) or section 114(a)(3) of the Act;
(k) Any standard or other requirement under section 126(a)(1) and (c) of the Act;
(l) Any standard or other requirement governing solid waste incineration, under section 129 of the Act;
(m) Any standard or other requirement for consumer and commercial products, under section 183(e) of the Act;
(n) Any standard or other requirement for tank vessels, under section 183(f) of the Act;
(o) Any standard or other requirement of the program to control air pollution from outer continental shelf sources, under section 328 of the Act;
(p) Any standard or other requirement of the regulations promulgated to protect stratospheric ozone under Title VI of the Act, unless the Administrator has determined that such requirements need not be contained in an Oregon Title V Operating Permit; and
(q) Any national ambient air quality standard or increment or visibility requirement under part C of Title I of the Act, but only as it would apply to temporary sources permitted pursuant to section 504(e) of the Act.
(12) "Assessable Emission" means a unit of emissions for which the major source owner or operator will be assessed a fee. It includes an emission of a pollutant as specified in OAR 340-220-0060 from one or more emissions devices or activities within a major source.
(13) "Baseline Emission Rate" means the actual emission rate during the baseline period. Baseline emission rate does not include increases due to voluntary fuel switches or increased hours of operation that occurred after the baseline period.
(14) "Baseline Period" means any consecutive 12 calendar month period during calendar years 1977 or 1978. The Department may allow the use of a prior time period upon a determination that it is more representative of normal source operation.
(15) "Best Available Control Technology" or "BACT" means an emission limitation, including, but not limited to, a visible emission standard, based on the maximum degree of reduction of each air contaminant subject to regulation under the Act which would be emitted from any proposed major source or major modification which, on a case-by-case basis, taking into account energy, environmental, and economic impacts and other costs, is achievable for such source or modification through application of production processes or available methods, systems, and techniques, including fuel cleaning or treatment or innovative fuel combustion techniques for control of such air contaminant. In no event may the application of BACT result in emissions of any air contaminant that would exceed the emissions allowed by any applicable new source performance standard or any standard for hazardous air pollutant. If an emission limitation is not feasible, a design, equipment, work practice, or operational standard, or combination thereof, may be required. Such standard must, to the degree possible, set forth the emission reduction achievable and provide for compliance by prescribing appropriate permit conditions.
(16) "Capacity" means the maximum regulated pollutant emissions from a stationary source under its physical and operational design.
(17) "Capture system" means the equipment (including but not limited to hoods, ducts, fans, and booths) used to contain, capture and transport a pollutant to a control device.
(18) "Categorically insignificant activity" means any of the following listed pollutant emitting activities principally supporting the source or the major industrial group. Categorically insignificant activities must comply with all applicable requirements.
(a) Constituents of a chemical mixture present at less than 1% by weight of any chemical or compound regulated under divisions 200 through 268 excluding divisions 248 and 262 of this chapter, or less than 0.1% by weight of any carcinogen listed in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service's Annual Report on Carcinogens when usage of the chemical mixture is less than 100,000 pounds/year;
(b) Evaporative and tail pipe emissions from on-site motor vehicle operation;
(c) Distillate oil, kerosene, and gasoline fuel burning equipment rated at less than or equal to 0.4 million Btu/hr;
(d) Natural gas and propane burning equipment rated at less than or equal to 2.0 million Btu/hr;
(e) Office activities;
(f) Food service activities;
(g) Janitorial activities;
(h) Personal care activities;
(i) Groundskeeping activities including, but not limited to building painting and road and parking lot maintenance;
(j) On-site laundry activities;
(k) On-site recreation facilities;
(l) Instrument calibration;
(m) Maintenance and repair shop;
(n) Automotive repair shops or storage garages;
(o) Air cooling or ventilating equipment not designed to remove air contaminants generated by or released from associated equipment;
(p) Refrigeration systems with less than 50 pounds of charge of ozone depleting substances regulated under Title VI, including pressure tanks used in refrigeration systems but excluding any combustion equipment associated with such systems;
(q) Bench scale laboratory equipment and laboratory equipment used exclusively for chemical and physical analysis, including associated vacuum producing devices but excluding research and development facilities;
(r) Temporary construction activities;
(s) Warehouse activities;
(t) Accidental fires;
(u) Air vents from air compressors;
(v) Air purification systems;
(w) Continuous emissions monitoring vent lines;
(x) Demineralized water tanks;
(y) Pre-treatment of municipal water, including use of deionized water purification systems;
(z) Electrical charging stations;
(aa) Fire brigade training;
(bb) Instrument air dryers and distribution;
(cc) Process raw water filtration systems;
(dd) Pharmaceutical packaging;
(ee) Fire suppression;
(ff) Blueprint making;
(gg) Routine maintenance, repair, and replacement such as anticipated activities most often associated with and performed during regularly scheduled equipment outages to maintain a plant and its equipment in good operating condition, including but not limited to steam cleaning, abrasive use, and woodworking;
(hh) Electric motors;
(ii) Storage tanks, reservoirs, transfer and lubricating equipment used for ASTM grade distillate or residual fuels, lubricants, and hydraulic fluids;
(jj) On-site storage tanks not subject to any New Source Performance Standards (NSPS), including underground storage tanks (UST), storing gasoline or diesel used exclusively for fueling of the facility's fleet of vehicles;
(kk) Natural gas, propane, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) storage tanks and transfer equipment;
(ll) Pressurized tanks containing gaseous compounds;
(mm) Vacuum sheet stacker vents;
(nn) Emissions from wastewater discharges to publicly owned treatment works (POTW) provided the source is authorized to discharge to the POTW, not including on-site wastewater treatment and/or holding facilities;
(oo) Log ponds;
(pp) Storm water settling basins;
(qq) Fire suppression and training;
(rr) Paved roads and paved parking lots within an urban growth boundary;
(ss) Hazardous air pollutant emissions of fugitive dust from paved and unpaved roads except for those sources that have processes or activities that contribute to the deposition and entrainment of hazardous air pollutants from surface soils;
(tt) Health, safety, and emergency response activities;
(uu) Emergency generators and pumps used only during loss of primary equipment or utility service due to circumstances beyond the reasonable control of the owner or operator, or to address a power emergency as determined by the Department;
(vv) Non-contact steam vents and leaks and safety and relief valves for boiler steam distribution systems;
(ww) Non-contact steam condensate flash tanks;
(xx) Non-contact steam vents on condensate receivers, deaerators and similar equipment;
(yy) Boiler blowdown tanks;
(zz) Industrial cooling towers that do not use chromium-based water treatment chemicals;
(aaa) Ash piles maintained in a wetted condition and associated handling systems and activities;
(bbb) Oil/water separators in effluent treatment systems;
(ccc) Combustion source flame safety purging on startup;
(ddd) Broke beaters, pulp and repulping tanks, stock chests and pulp handling equipment, excluding thickening equipment and repulpers;
(eee) Stock cleaning and pressurized pulp washing, excluding open stock washing systems; and
(fff) White water storage tanks.
(19) "Certifying individual" means the responsible person or official authorized by the owner or operator of a source who certifies the accuracy of the emission statement.
(20) "CFR" means Code of Federal Regulations.
(21) "Class I area" means any Federal, State or Indian reservation land which is classified or reclassified as Class I area. Class I areas are identified in OAR 340-204-0250.
(22) "Commence" or "commencement" means that the owner or operator has obtained all necessary preconstruction approvals required by the Act and either has:
(a) Begun, or caused to begin, a continuous program of actual on-site construction of the source to be completed in a reasonable time; or
(b) Entered into binding agreements or contractual obligations, which cannot be canceled or modified without substantial loss to the owner or operator, to undertake a program of construction of the source to be completed in a reasonable time.
(23) "Commission" or "EQC" means Environmental Quality Commission.
(24) "Constant Process Rate" means the average variation in process rate for the calendar year is not greater than plus or minus ten percent of the average process rate.
(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section means any physical change including, but not limited to, fabrication, erection, installation, demolition, or modification of a source or part of a source;
(b) As used in OAR 340 division 224 means any physical change including, but not limited to, fabrication, erection, installation, demolition, or modification of an emissions unit, or change in the method of operation of a source which would result in a change in actual emissions.
(26) "Continuous compliance determination method" means a method, specified by the applicable standard or an applicable permit condition, which:
(a) Is used to determine compliance with an emission limitation or standard on a continuous basis, consistent with the averaging period established for the emission limitation or standard; and
(b) Provides data either in units of the standard or correlated directly with the compliance limit.
(27) "Continuous Monitoring Systems" means sampling and analysis, in a timed sequence, using techniques which will adequately reflect actual emissions or concentrations on a continuing basis in accordance with the Department's Continuous Monitoring Manual, and includes continuous emission monitoring systems, continuous opacity monitoring system (COMS) and continuous parameter monitoring systems.
(28) "Control device" means equipment, other than inherent process equipment, that is used to destroy or remove air pollutant(s) prior to discharge to the atmosphere. The types of equipment that may commonly be used as control devices include, but are not limited to, fabric filters, mechanical collectors, electrostatic precipitators, inertial separators, afterburners, thermal or catalytic incinerators, adsorption devices (such as carbon beds), condensers, scrubbers (such as wet collection and gas absorption devices), selective catalytic or non-catalytic reduction systems, flue gas recirculation systems, spray dryers, spray towers, mist eliminators, acid plants, sulfur recovery plants, injection systems (such as water, steam, ammonia, sorbent or limestone injection), and combustion devices independent of the particular process being conducted at an emissions unit (e.g., the destruction of emissions achieved by venting process emission streams to flares, boilers or process heaters). For purposes of OAR 340-212-0200 through 340-212-0280, a control device does not include passive control measures that act to prevent pollutants from forming, such as the use of seals, lids, or roofs to prevent the release of pollutants, use of low-polluting fuel or feedstocks, or the use of combustion or other process design features or characteristics. If an applicable requirement establishes that particular equipment which otherwise meets this definition of a control device does not constitute a control device as applied to a particular pollutant-specific emissions unit, then that definition will be binding for purposes of OAR 340-212-0200 through 340-212-0280.
(29) "Criteria Pollutant" means nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, particulate matter, PM10, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, or lead.
(30) "Data" means the results of any type of monitoring or method, including the results of instrumental or non-instrumental monitoring, emission calculations, manual sampling procedures, recordkeeping procedures, or any other form of information collection procedure used in connection with any type of monitoring or method.
(31) "De minimis emission level" means: [Table not included. See ED. NOTE.]
NOTE: De minimis is compared to all increases that are not included in the PSEL.
(a) Means Department of Environmental Quality; except
(b) As used in OAR 340 divisions 218 and 220 means Department of Environmental Quality or in the case of Lane County, Lane Regional Air Pollution Authority.
(33) "Device" means any machine, equipment, raw material, product, or byproduct at a source that produces or emits a regulated pollutant.
(34) "Director" means the Director of the Department or the Director's designee.
(35) "Draft permit" means the version of an Oregon Title V Operating Permit for which the Department or Lane Regional Air Pollution Authority offers public participation under OAR 340-218-0210 or the EPA and affected State review under OAR 340-218-0230.
(36) "Effective date of the program" means the date that the EPA approves the Oregon Title V Operating Permit program submitted by the Department on a full or interim basis. In case of a partial approval, the "effective date of the program" for each portion of the program is the date of the EPA approval of that portion.
(37) "Emergency" means any situation arising from sudden and reasonably unforeseeable events beyond the control of the owner or operator, including acts of God, which situation requires immediate corrective action to restore normal operation, and that causes the source to exceed a technology-based emission limitation under the permit, due to unavoidable increases in emissions attributable to the emergency. An emergency does not include noncompliance to the extent caused by improperly designed equipment, lack of preventative maintenance, careless or improper operation, or operator error.
(38) "Emission" means a release into the atmosphere of any regulated pollutant or air contaminant.
(39) "Emission Estimate Adjustment Factor" or "EEAF" means an adjustment applied to an emission factor to account for the relative inaccuracy of the emission factor.
(40) "Emission Factor" means an estimate of the rate at which a pollutant is released into the atmosphere, as the result of some activity, divided by the rate of that activity (e.g., production or process rate). Where an emission factor is required sources must use an emission factor approved by EPA or the Department.
(41)(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, "Emission Limitation" and "Emission Standard" mean a requirement established by a State, local government, or the EPA which limits the quantity, rate, or concentration of emissions of air pollutants on a continuous basis, including any requirements which limit the level of opacity, prescribe equipment, set fuel specifications, or prescribe operation or maintenance procedures for a source to assure continuous emission reduction.
(b) As used in OAR 340-212-0200 through 340-212-0280, "Emission limitation or standard" means any applicable requirement that constitutes an emission limitation, emission standard, standard of performance or means of emission limitation as defined under the Act. An emission limitation or standard may be expressed in terms of the pollutant, expressed either as a specific quantity, rate or concentration of emissions (e.g., pounds of SO2 per hour, pounds of SO2 per million British thermal units of fuel input, kilograms of VOC per liter of applied coating solids, or parts per million by volume of SO2) or as the relationship of uncontrolled to controlled emissions (e.g., percentage capture and destruction efficiency of VOC or percentage reduction of SO2). An emission limitation or standard may also be expressed either as a work practice, process or control device parameter, or other form of specific design, equipment, operational, or operation and maintenance requirement. For purposes of OAR 340-212-0200 through 340-212-0280, an emission limitation or standard does not include general operation requirements that an owner or operator may be required to meet, such as requirements to obtain a permit, to operate and maintain sources in accordance with good air pollution control practices, to develop and maintain a malfunction abatement plan, to keep records, submit reports, or conduct monitoring.
(42) "Emission Reduction Credit Banking" means to presently reserve, subject to requirements of OAR 340 division 268, Emission Reduction Credits, emission reductions for use by the reserver or assignee for future compliance with air pollution reduction requirements.
(43) "Emission Reporting Form" means a paper or electronic form developed by the Department that must be completed by the permittee to report calculated emissions, actual emissions, or permitted emissions for interim emission fee assessment purposes.
(44) "Emissions unit" means any part or activity of a source that emits or has the potential to emit any regulated air pollutant.
(a) A part of a source is any machine, equipment, raw material, product, or byproduct that produces or emits regulated air pollutants. An activity is any process, operation, action, or reaction (e.g., chemical) at a stationary source that emits regulated air pollutants. Except as described in subsection (d) of this section, parts and activities may be grouped for purposes of defining an emissions unit if the following conditions are met:
(A) The group used to define the emissions unit may not include discrete parts or activities to which a distinct emissions standard applies or for which different compliance demonstration requirements apply; and
(B) The emissions from the emissions unit are quantifiable.
(b) Emissions units may be defined on a pollutant by pollutant basis where applicable.
(c) The term emissions unit is not meant to alter or affect the definition of the term "unit" under Title IV of the FCAA.
(d) Parts and activities cannot be grouped for determining emissions increases from an emissions unit under OAR 340-224-0050 through 340-224-0070, or 340 division 210, or for determining the applicability of any New Source Performance Standard (NSPS).
(45) "EPA" or "Administrator" means the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency or the Administrator's designee.
(46) "Equivalent method" means any method of sampling and analyzing for an air pollutant that has been demonstrated to the Department's satisfaction to have a consistent and quantitatively known relationship to the reference method, under specified conditions. An equivalent method used to meet an applicable federal requirement for which a reference method is specified must be approved by EPA unless EPA has delegated authority for the approval to the Department.
(47) "Event" means excess emissions that arise from the same condition and occur during a single calendar day or continue into subsequent calendar days.
(48) "Exceedance" means a condition that is detected by monitoring that provides data in terms of an emission limitation or standard and that indicates that emissions (or opacity) are greater than the applicable emission limitation or standard (or less than the applicable standard in the case of a percent reduction requirement) consistent with any averaging period specified for averaging the results of the monitoring.
(49) "Excess emissions" means emissions in excess of a permit limit or any applicable air quality rule.
(50) "Excursion" means a departure from an indicator range established for monitoring under OAR 340-212-0200 through 340-212-0280 and 340-218-0050(3)(a), consistent with any averaging period specified for averaging the results of the monitoring.
(51) "Federal Land Manager" means with respect to any lands in the United States, the Secretary of the federal department with authority over such lands.
(52) Federal Major Source means a source with potential to emit any individual regulated pollutant, excluding hazardous air pollutants listed in OAR 340 division 244, greater than or equal to 100 tons per year if in a source category listed below, or 250 tons per year if not in a source category listed. Potential to emit calculations must include emission increases due to a new or modified source.
(a) Fossil fuel-fired steam electric plants of more than 250 million BTU/hour heat input;
(b) Coal cleaning plants with thermal dryers;
(c) Kraft pulp mills;
(d) Portland cement plants;
(e) Primary Zinc Smelters;
(f) Iron and Steel Mill Plants;
(g) Primary aluminum ore reduction plants;
(h) Primary copper smelters;
(i) Municipal Incinerators capable of charging more than 50 tons of refuse per day;
(j) Hydrofluoric acid plants;
(k) Sulfuric acid plants;
(l) Nitric acid plants;
(m) Petroleum Refineries;
(n) Lime plants;
(o) Phosphate rock processing plants;
(p) Coke oven batteries;
(q) Sulfur recovery plants;
(r) Carbon black plants, furnace process;
(s) Primary lead smelters;
(t) Fuel conversion plants;
(u) Sintering plants;
(v) Secondary metal production plants;
(w) Chemical process plants;
(x) Fossil fuel fired boilers, or combinations thereof, totaling more than 250 million BTU per hour heat input;
(y) Petroleum storage and transfer units with a total storage capacity exceeding 300,000 barrels;
(z) Taconite ore processing plants;
(aa) Glass fiber processing plants;
(bb) Charcoal production plants.
(53) "Final permit" means the version of an Oregon Title V Operating Permit issued by the Department or Lane Regional Air Pollution Authority that has completed all review procedures required by OAR 340-218-0120 through 340-218-0240.
(54) "Fugitive Emissions":
(a) Except as used in subsection (b) of this section, means emissions of any air contaminant which escape to the atmosphere from any point or area that is not identifiable as a stack, vent, duct, or equivalent opening.
(b) As used to define a major Oregon Title V Operating Permit program source, means those emissions which could not reasonably pass through a stack, chimney, vent, or other functionally equivalent opening.
(55) "General permit":
(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, means an Oregon Air Contaminant Discharge Permit established under OAR 340-216-0060;
(b) As used in OAR 340 division 218 means an Oregon Title V Operating Permit established under OAR 340-218-0090.
(56) "Generic PSEL" means: [Table not included. See ED. NOTE.]
NOTE: Sources are eligible for a generic PSEL if expected emissions are less than or equal to the levels listed in the table above. Baseline emission rate and netting basis do not apply to pollutants at sources using generic PSELs.
(57) "Growth Allowance" means an allocation of some part of an airshed's capacity to accommodate future proposed major sources and major modifications of sources.
(58) "Immediately" means as soon as possible but in no case more than one hour after a source knew or should have known of an excess emission period.
(59) "Inherent process equipment" means equipment that is necessary for the proper or safe functioning of the process, or material recovery equipment that the owner or operator documents is installed and operated primarily for purposes other than compliance with air pollution regulations. Equipment that must be operated at an efficiency higher than that achieved during normal process operations in order to comply with the applicable emission limitation or standard is not inherent process equipment. For the purposes of OAR 340-212-0200 through 340-212-0280, inherent process equipment is not considered a control device.
(60) "Insignificant Activity" means an activity or emission that the Department has designated as categorically insignificant, or that meets the criteria of aggregate insignificant emissions.
(61) "Insignificant Change" means an off-permit change defined under OAR 340-218-0140(2)(a) to either a significant or an insignificant activity which:
(a) Does not result in a redesignation from an insignificant to a significant activity;
(b) Does not invoke an applicable requirement not included in the permit; and
(c) Does not result in emission of regulated air pollutants not regulated by the source's permit.
(62) "Late Payment" means a fee payment which is postmarked after the due date.
(63) "Lowest Achievable Emission Rate" or "LAER" means that rate of emissions which reflects: the most stringent emission limitation which is contained in the implementation plan of any state for such class or category of source, unless the owner or operator of the proposed source demonstrates that such limitations are not achievable; or the most stringent emission limitation which is achieved in practice by such class or category of source, whichever is more stringent. The application of this term cannot permit a proposed new or modified source to emit any air contaminant in excess of the amount allowable under applicable New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) or standards for hazardous air pollutants.
(64) "Maintenance Area" means a geographical area of the State that was designated as a nonattainment area, redesignated as an attainment area by EPA, and redesignated as a maintenance area by the Environmental Quality Commission in OAR chapter 340, division 204.
(65) "Maintenance Pollutant" means a pollutant for which a maintenance area was formerly designated a nonattainment area.
(66) "Major Modification" means any physical change or change of operation of a source that results in the following for any regulated air pollutant:
(a) An increase in the PSEL by an amount equal to or more than the significant emission rate over the netting basis; and
(b) The accumulation of physical changes and changes of operation since baseline would result in a significant emission rate increase.
(A) Calculations of emission increases in (b) must account for all accumulated increases in actual emissions due to physical changes and changes of operation occurring at the source since the baseline period, or since the time of the last construction approval issued for the source pursuant to the New Source Review Regulations in OAR 340 division 224 for that pollutant, whichever time is more recent. These include emissions from insignificant activities.
(B) Emission increases due solely to increased use of equipment or facilities that existed during the baseline period are not included, if that increased use was possible during the baseline period under the baseline configuration of the source, and the increased use of baseline equipment capacity is not to support a physical change or change in operation.
(c) For new or modified major sources that were permitted to construct and operate after the baseline period and were not subject to New Source Review, a major modification means:
(A) Any change at a source, including production increases, that would result in a Plant Site Emission Limit increase of 1 ton or more for any regulated pollutant for which the source is a major source; or
(B) The addition or modification of any stationary source or sources after the initial construction that have cumulative potential emissions greater than or equal to the significant emission rate, excluding any emission decreases.
(C) Changes to the PSEL solely due to the availability of better emissions information are exempt from being considered an increase.
(d) The following are not considered major modifications:
(A) Except as provided in (c), proposed increases in hours of operation or production rates that would cause emission increases above the levels allowed in a permit and would not involve a physical change or change in method of operation in the source;
(B) Pollution control projects that are determined by the Department to be environmentally beneficial;
(C) Routine maintenance, repair, and replacement of components;
(D) Temporary equipment installed for maintenance of the permanent equipment if the temporary equipment is in place for less than six months and operated within the permanent equipment's existing PSEL;
(E) Use of alternate fuel or raw materials, that were available and the source was capable of accommodating in the baseline period.
(67) "Major Source":
(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), means a source that emits, or has the potential to emit, any regulated air pollutant at a Significant Emission Rate. This includes emissions from insignificant activities.
(b) As used in OAR 340 division 210, Stationary Source Notification Requirements, OAR 340 division 218, Rules Applicable to Sources Required to Have Oregon Title V Operating Permits OAR 340 division 220, Oregon Title V Operating Permit Fees, and OAR 340-216-0066 Standard ACDPs, means any stationary source (or any group of stationary sources that are located on one or more contiguous or adjacent properties and are under common control of the same person (or persons under common control)) belonging to a single major industrial grouping or supporting the major industrial group and that is described in paragraphs (A), (B), or (C) of this subsection. For the purposes of this subsection, a stationary source or group of stationary sources is considered part of a single industrial grouping if all of the pollutant emitting activities at such source or group of sources on contiguous or adjacent properties belong to the same Major Group (i.e., all have the same two-digit code) as described in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual (U.S. Office of Management and Budget, 1987) or support the major industrial group.
(A) A major source of hazardous air pollutants, which means:
(i) For pollutants other than radionuclides, any stationary source or group of stationary sources located within a contiguous area and under common control that emits or has the potential to emit, in the aggregate, 10 tons per year (tpy) or more of any hazardous air pollutants that has been listed pursuant to OAR 340-244-0040; 25 tpy or more of any combination of such hazardous air pollutants, or such lesser quantity as the Administrator may establish by rule. Emissions from any oil or gas exploration or production well, along with its associated equipment, and emissions from any pipeline compressor or pump station will not be aggregated with emissions from other similar units, whether or not such units are in a contiguous area or under common control, to determine whether such units or stations are major sources; or
(ii) For radionuclides, "major source" will have the meaning specified by the Administrator by rule.
(B) A major stationary source of air pollutants, as defined in section 302 of the Act, that directly emits or has the potential to emit 100 tpy or more of any regulated air pollutant, including any major source of fugitive emissions of any such pollutant. The fugitive emissions of a stationary source are not considered in determining whether it is a major stationary source for the purposes of section 302(j) of the Act, unless the source belongs to one of the following categories of stationary source:
(i) Coal cleaning plants (with thermal dryers);
(ii) Kraft pulp mills;
(iii) Portland cement plants;
(iv) Primary zinc smelters;
(v) Iron and steel mills;
(vi) Primary aluminum ore reduction plants;
(vii) Primary copper smelters;
(viii) Municipal incinerators capable of charging more than 50 tons of refuse per day;
(ix) Hydrofluoric, sulfuric, or nitric acid plants;
(x) Petroleum refineries;
(xi) Lime plants;
(xii) Phosphate rock processing plants;
(xiii) Coke oven batteries;
(xiv) Sulfur recovery plants;
(xv) Carbon black plants (furnace process);
(xvi) Primary lead smelters;
(xvii) Fuel conversion plants;
(xviii) Sintering plants;
(xix) Secondary metal production plants;
(xx) Chemical process plants;
(xxi) Fossil-fuel boilers, or combination thereof, totaling more than 250 million British thermal units per hour heat input;
(xxii) Petroleum storage and transfer units with a total storage capacity exceeding 300,000 barrels;
(xxiii) Taconite ore processing plants;
(xxiv) Glass fiber processing plants;
(xxv) Charcoal production plants;
(xxvi) Fossil-fuel-fired steam electric plants of more than 250 million British thermal units per hour heat input; or
(xxvii) Any other stationary source category, that as of August 7, 1980 is being regulated under section 111 or 112 of the Act.
(C) A major stationary source as defined in part D of Title I of the Act, including:
(i) For ozone nonattainment areas, sources with the potential to emit 100 tpy or more of VOCs or oxides of nitrogen in areas classified as "marginal" or "moderate," 50 tpy or more in areas classified as "serious," 25 tpy or more in areas classified as "severe," and 10 tpy or more in areas classified as "extreme"; except that the references in this paragraph to 100, 50, 25, and 10 tpy of nitrogen oxides do not apply with respect to any source for which the Administrator has made a finding, under section 182(f)(1) or (2) of the Act, that requirements under section 182(f) of the Act do not apply;
(ii) For ozone transport regions established pursuant to section 184 of the Act, sources with the potential to emit 50 tpy or more of VOCs;
(iii) For carbon monoxide nonattainment areas:
(I) That are classified as "serious"; and
(II) In which stationary sources contribute significantly to carbon monoxide levels as determined under rules issued by the Administrator, sources with the potential to emit 50 tpy or more of carbon monoxide.
(iv) For particulate matter (PM10) nonattainment areas classified as "serious," sources with the potential to emit 70 tpy or more of PM10.
(68) "Material Balance" means a procedure for determining emissions based on the difference in the amount of material added to a process and the amount consumed and/or recovered from a process.
(69) "Modification," except as used in the term "major modification," means any physical change to, or change in the method of operation of, a stationary source that results in an increase in the stationary source's potential to emit any regulated air pollutant on an hourly basis. Modifications do not include the following:
(a) Increases in hours of operation or production rates that do not involve a physical change or change in the method of operation;
(b) Changes in the method of operation due to using an alternative fuel or raw material that the stationary source was physically capable of accommodating during the baseline period; and
(c) Routine maintenance, repair and like-for-like replacement of components unless they increase the expected life of the stationary source by using component upgrades that would not otherwise be necessary for the stationary source to function.
(70) "Monitoring" means any form of collecting data on a routine basis to determine or otherwise assess compliance with emission limitations or standards. Monitoring may include record keeping if the records are used to determine or assess compliance with an emission limitation or standard (such as records of raw material content and usage, or records documenting compliance with work practice requirements). Monitoring may include conducting compliance method tests, such as the procedures in appendix A to 40 CFR part 60, on a routine periodic basis. Requirements to conduct such tests on a one-time basis, or at such times as a regulatory authority may require on a non-regular basis, are not considered monitoring requirements for purposes of this definition. Monitoring may include one or more than one of the following data collection techniques as appropriate for a particular circumstance:
(a) Continuous emission or opacity monitoring systems.
(b) Continuous process, capture system, control device or other relevant parameter monitoring systems or procedures, including a predictive emission monitoring system.
(c) Emission estimation and calculation procedures (e.g., mass balance or stoichiometric calculations).
(d) Maintaining and analyzing records of fuel or raw materials usage.
(e) Recording results of a program or protocol to conduct specific operation and maintenance procedures.
(f) Verifying emissions, process parameters, capture system parameters, or control device parameters using portable or in situ measurement devices.
(g) Visible emission observations and recording.
(h) Any other form of measuring, recording, or verifying on a routine basis emissions, process parameters, capture system parameters, control device parameters or other factors relevant to assessing compliance with emission limitations or standards.
(71) "Netting Basis" means the baseline emission rate MINUS any emission reductions required by rule, orders, or permit conditions required by the SIP or used to avoid SIP requirements, MINUS any unassigned emissions that are reduced from allowable under OAR 340-222-0045, MINUS any emission reduction credits transferred off site, PLUS any emission increases approved through the New Source Review regulations.
(a) With the first permitting action for a source after July 1, 2002, the baseline emissions rate will be frozen and recalculated only if:
(A) A better emission factor is established for the baseline period and approved by the Department;
(B) A currently operating emissions unit that the Department formerly thought had negligible emissions, is determined to have non-de minimis emissions and needs to be added to the baseline emission rate; or
(C) A new pollutant is added to the regulated pollutant list (e.g., PM2.5). For a pollutant that is newly regulated after 11/15/90, the initial netting basis is the actual emissions during any 12 consecutive month period within the 24 months immediately preceding its designation as a regulated pollutant. The Department may allow a prior 12 consecutive month time period to be used if it is shown to be more representative of normal source operation.
(b) Netting basis is zero for:
(A) any source constructed after the baseline period and has not undergone New Source Review;
(B) Any pollutant that has a generic PSEL in a permit;
(C) Any source permitted as portable; and
(D) Any source with a netting basis calculation resulting in a negative number.
(c) If a source relocates to an adjacent site, and the time between operation at the old and new sites is less than six months, the source may retain the netting basis from the old site.
(d) Emission reductions required by rule, order, or permit condition affect the netting basis if the source currently has devices or emissions units that are subject to the rules, order, or permit condition. The baseline emission rate is not affected.
(e) Netting basis for a pollutant with a revised definition will be adjusted if the source is emitting the pollutant at the time of redefining and the pollutant is included in the permit's netting basis.
(f) Where EPA requires an attainment demonstration based on dispersion modeling, the netting basis will be established at no more than the level used in the dispersion modeling to demonstrate attainment with the ambient air quality standard (i.e., the attainment demonstration is an emission reduction required by rule).
(72) "Nitrogen Oxides" or "NOx" means all oxides of nitrogen except nitrous oxide.
(73) "Nonattainment Area" means a geographical area of the State, as designated by the Environmental Quality Commission or the EPA, that exceeds any state or federal primary or secondary ambient air quality standard.
(74) "Nonattainment Pollutant" means a pollutant for which an area is designated a nonattainment area.
(75) "Normal Source Operation" means operations which do not include such conditions as forced fuel substitution, equipment malfunction, or highly abnormal market conditions.
(76) "Offset" means an equivalent or greater emission reduction that is required before allowing an emission increase from a proposed major source or major modification of an existing source.
(77) "Oregon Title V Operating Permit" means any permit covering an Oregon Title V Operating Permit source that is issued, renewed, amended, or revised pursuant to division 218.
(78) "Oregon Title V Operating Permit program" means a program approved by the Administrator under 40 CFR Part 70.
(79) "Oregon Title V Operating Permit program source" means any source subject to the permitting requirements, OAR 340 division 218.
(80) "Ozone Season" means the contiguous 3 month period during which ozone exceedances typically occur (i.e., June, July, and August).
(81) "Particulate Matter" means all finely divided solid or liquid material, other than uncombined water, emitted to the ambient air as measured by an applicable reference method in accordance with the Department's Source Sampling Manual, (January, 1992).
(82) "Permit" means an Air Contaminant Discharge Permit or an Oregon Title V Operating Permit.
(83) "Permit modification" means a permit revision that meets the applicable requirements of OAR 340 division 216, 340 division 224, or 340-218-0160 through 340-218-0180. (continued)