CCLME.ORG - PC 653opr
Loading (50 kb)...'
State
California
PC Sec 653 MISCELLANEOUS OFFENSES

653. Every person who tattoos or offers to tattoo a person under
the age of 18 years is guilty of a misdemeanor.
As used in this section, to "tattoo" means to insert pigment under
the surface of the skin of a human being, by pricking with a needle
or otherwise, so as to produce an indelible mark or figure visible
through the skin.
This section is not intended to apply to any act of a licensed
practitioner of the healing arts performed in the course of his
practice.



653aa. (a) Any person, except a minor, who is located in
California, who, knowing that a particular recording or audiovisual
work is commercial, knowingly electronically disseminates all or
substantially all of that commercial recording or audiovisual work to
more than 10 other people without disclosing his or her e-mail
address, and the title of the recording or audiovisual work is
punishable by a fine not exceeding two thousand five hundred dollars
($2,500), imprisonment in a county jail for a period not exceeding
one year, or by both that fine and imprisonment.
(b) Any minor who violates subdivision (a) is punishable by a fine
not exceeding two hundred fifty dollars ($250). Any minor who
commits a third or subsequent violation of subdivision (a) is
punishable by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000),
imprisonment in a county jail for a period not to exceed one year, or
by both that imprisonment and fine.
(c) Subdivisions (a) and (b) do not apply:
(1) To a person who electronically disseminates a commercial
recording or audiovisual work to his or her immediate family, or
within his or her personal network, defined as a restricted access
network controlled by and accessible to only that person or people in
his or her immediate household.
(2) If the copyright owner, or a person acting under the authority
of the copyright owner, of a commercial recording or audiovisual
work has explicitly given permission for all or substantially all of
that recording or audiovisual work to be freely disseminated
electronically by or to anyone without limitation.
(3) To a person who has been licensed either by the copyright
owner or a person acting under the authority of the copyright owner
to disseminate electronically all or substantially all of a
commercial audiovisual work or recording.
(4) To the licensed electronic dissemination of a commercial
audiovisual work or recording by means of a cable television service
offered over a cable system or direct to home satellite service as
defined in Title 47 of the United States Code.
(d) Nothing in this section shall restrict the copyright owner
from disseminating his or her own copyrighted material.
(e) Upon conviction for a violation of this section, in addition
to the penalty prescribed, the court shall order the permanent
deletion or destruction of any electronic file containing a
commercial recording or audiovisual work, the dissemination of which
was the basis of the violation. This subdivision shall not apply to
the copyright owner or to a person acting under the authority of the
copyright owner.
(f) An Internet service provider does not violate, and does not
aid and abet a violation of subdivision (a), and subdivision (a)
shall not be enforced against an Internet service provider, to the
extent that the Internet service provider enables a user of its
service to electronically disseminate an audiovisual work or sound
recording, if the Internet service provider maintains its valid
e-mail address or other means of electronic notification on its Web
site in a location that is accessible to the public.
For the purposes of this section, "Internet service provider"
means an entity, to the extent that the entity is transmitting,
routing, or providing connections for Internet communications
initiated by or at the direction of another person, between or among
points specified by a user, of material placed online by a user,
storing or hosting that material at the direction of a user, or
referring or linking users to that material.
(g) For purposes of this section:
(1) "Recording" means the electronic or physical embodiment of any
recorded images, sounds, or images and sounds, but does not include
audiovisual works or sounds accompanying audiovisual works.
(2) "Audiovisual work" means the electronic or physical embodiment
of motion pictures, television programs, video or computer games, or
other audiovisual presentations that consist of related images that
are intrinsically intended to be shown by the use of machines or
devices such as projectors, viewers, or electronic equipment, or a
computer program, software, or system, as defined in Section 502,
together with accompanying sounds, if any.
(3) "Commercial recording or audiovisual work" means a recording
or audiovisual work whose copyright owner, or assignee, authorized
agent, or licensee, has made or intends to make available for sale,
rental, or for performance or exhibition to the public under license,
but does not include an excerpt consisting of less than
substantially all of a recording or audiovisual work. A recording or
audiovisual work may be commercial regardless of whether the person
who electronically disseminates it seeks commercial advantage or
private financial gain from that dissemination.
(4) "Electronic dissemination" means initiating a transmission of,
making available, or otherwise offering, a commercial recording or
audiovisual work for distribution on the Internet or other digital
network, regardless of whether someone else had previously
electronically disseminated the same commercial recording or
audiovisual work.
(5) "E-mail address" means a valid e-mail address, or the valid
e-mail address of the holder of the account from which the
dissemination took place.
(6) "Disclosing" means providing information in, attached to, or
discernable or available in or through the process of disseminating
or obtaining a commercial recording or audiovisual work in a manner
that is accessible by any person engaged in disseminating or
receiving the commercial recording or audiovisual work.
(h) Nothing in this section shall preclude prosecution under any
other provision of law.
(i) This section shall become inoperative on January 1, 2010,
unless a later enacted statute deletes or extends that date.



653d. Every person who sells machinery used or to be used for
mining purposes who fails to give to the buyer, at the time of sale,
a bill of sale for the machinery, or who fails to keep a written
record of the sale, giving the date thereof, describing the
machinery, and showing the name and address of the buyer, and every
buyer of such machinery, if in this State, who fails to keep a record
of his purchase of such machinery, giving the name and address of
the seller, describing the machinery, and showing the date of the
purchase, is guilty of a misdemeanor.



653f. (a) Every person who, with the intent that the crime be
committed, solicits another to offer, accept, or join in the offer or
acceptance of a bribe, or to commit or join in the commission of
carjacking, robbery, burglary, grand theft, receiving stolen
property, extortion, perjury, subornation of perjury, forgery,
kidnapping, arson or assault with a deadly weapon or instrument or by
means of force likely to produce great bodily injury, or, by the use
of force or a threat of force, to prevent or dissuade any person who
is or may become a witness from attending upon, or testifying at,
any trial, proceeding, or inquiry authorized by law, shall be
punished by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year
or in the state prison, or by a fine of not more than ten thousand
dollars ($10,000), or the amount which could have been assessed for
commission of the offense itself, whichever is greater, or by both
the fine and imprisonment.
(b) Every person who, with the intent that the crime be committed,
solicits another to commit or join in the commission of murder shall
be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or
nine years.
(c) Every person who, with the intent that the crime be committed,
solicits another to commit rape by force or violence, sodomy by
force or violence, oral copulation by force or violence, or any
violation of Section 264.1, 288, or 289, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for two, three, or four years.
(d) Every person who, with the intent that the crime be committed,
solicits another to commit an offense specified in Section 11352,
11379, 11379.5, 11379.6, or 11391 of the Health and Safety Code shall
be punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding six
months. Every person, who, having been convicted of soliciting
another to commit an offense specified in this subdivision, is
subsequently convicted of the proscribed solicitation, shall be
punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or
in the state prison.
This subdivision does not apply where the term of imprisonment
imposed under other provisions of law would result in a longer term
of imprisonment.
(e) Every person who, with the intent that the crime be committed,
solicits another to commit an offense specified in Section 14014 of
the Welfare and Institutions Code shall be punished by imprisonment
in a county jail for not exceeding six months. Every person who,
having been convicted of soliciting another to commit an offense
specified in this subdivision, is subsequently convicted of the
proscribed solicitation, shall be punished by imprisonment in a
county jail not exceeding one year, or in the state prison.
(f) An offense charged in violation of subdivision (a), (b), or
(c) shall be proven by the testimony of two witnesses, or of one
witness and corroborating circumstances. An offense charged in
violation of subdivision (d) or (e) shall be proven by the testimony
of one witness and corroborating circumstances.




653g. Every person who loiters about any school or public place at
or near which children attend or normally congregate and who remains
at any school or public place at or near which children attend or
normally congregate, or who reenters or comes upon a school or place
within 72 hours, after being asked to leave by the chief
administrative official of that school or, in the absence of the
chief administrative official, the person acting as the chief
administrative official, or by a member of the security patrol of the
school district who has been given authorization, in writing, by the
chief administrative official of that school to act as his or her
agent in performing this duty, or a city police officer, or sheriff
or deputy sheriff, or Department of the California Highway Patrol
peace officer is a vagrant, and is punishable by a fine of not
exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000) or by imprisonment in the
county jail for not exceeding six months, or by both the fine and the
imprisonment.
As used in this section, "loiter" means to delay, to linger, or to
idle about a school or public place without lawful business for
being present.



653h. (a) Every person is guilty of a public offense punishable as
provided in subdivisions (b) and (c), who:
(1) Knowingly and willfully transfers or causes to be transferred
any sounds that have been recorded on a phonograph record, disc,
wire, tape, film or other article on which sounds are recorded, with
intent to sell or cause to be sold, or to use or cause to be used for
commercial advantage or private financial gain through public
performance, the article on which the sounds are so transferred,
without the consent of the owner.
(2) Transports for monetary or like consideration within this
state or causes to be transported within this state any such article
with the knowledge that the sounds thereon have been so transferred
without the consent of the owner.
(b) Any person who has been convicted of a violation of
subdivision (a), shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail
not to exceed one year, by imprisonment in the state prison for two,
three, or five years, or by a fine not to exceed two hundred fifty
thousand dollars ($250,000), or by both, if the offense involves the
transfer or transportation, or conduct causing that transfer or
transportation, of not less than 1,000 of the articles described in
subdivision (a).
(c) Any person who has been convicted of any other violation of
subdivision (a) not described in subdivision (b), shall be punished
by imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed one year, or by a
fine of not more than twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), or by
both. A second or subsequent conviction under subdivision (a) not
described in subdivision (b) shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison or by a fine not to exceed one hundred thousand dollars
($100,000), or by both.
(d) Every person who offers for sale or resale, or sells or
resells, or causes the sale or resale, or rents, or possesses for
these purposes, any article described in subdivision (a) with
knowledge that the sounds thereon have been so transferred without
the consent of the owner is guilty of a public offense.
(1) A violation of subdivision (d) involving not less than 100 of
those articles shall be punishable by imprisonment in a county jail
not to exceed one year or by a fine not to exceed ten thousand
dollars ($10,000), or by both. A second or subsequent conviction for
the conduct described in this paragraph shall be punishable by
imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed one year or in the
state prison, or by a fine not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars
($25,000), or by both.
(2) A person who has been convicted of any violation of this
subdivision not described in paragraph (1) shall be punished by
imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed six months or by a fine
not to exceed five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by both. A second
conviction for the conduct described in this paragraph shall be
punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed one year
or by a fine not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000), or by
both. A third or subsequent conviction for the conduct described in
this paragraph shall be punishable by imprisonment in the county jail
not to exceed one year or in the state prison, or by a fine not to
exceed twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), or by both.
(e) As used in this section, "person" means any individual,
partnership, partnership's member or employee, corporation, limited
liability company, association or corporation or association
employee, officer or director; "owner" means the person who owns the
original master recording embodied in the master phonograph record,
master disc, master tape, master film or other article used for
reproducing recorded sounds on phonograph records, discs, tapes,
films or other articles on which sound is or can be recorded, and
from which the transferred recorded sounds are directly or indirectly
derived; and "master recording" means the original fixation of
sounds upon a recording from which copies can be made.
(f) This section shall neither enlarge nor diminish the right of
parties in private litigation.
(g) This section does not apply to any person engaged in radio or
television broadcasting who transfers, or causes to be transferred,
any such sounds (other than from the sound track of a motion picture)
intended for, or in connection with broadcast transmission or
related uses, or for archival purposes.
(h) This section does not apply to any not-for-profit educational
institution or any federal or state governmental entity, if the
institution or entity has as a primary purpose the advancement of the
public's knowledge and the dissemination of information regarding
America's musical cultural heritage, provided that this purpose is
clearly set forth in the institution's or entity's charter, bylaws,
certificate of incorporation, or similar document, and the
institution or entity has, prior to the transfer, made a good faith
effort to identify and locate the owner or owners of the sound
recordings to be transferred and, provided that the owner or owners
could not be and have not been located. Nothing in this section
shall be construed to relieve an institution or entity of its
contractual or other obligation to compensate the owners of sound
recordings to be transferred. In order to continue the exemption
permitted by this subdivision, the institution or entity shall make
continuing efforts to locate such owners and shall make an annual
public notice of the fact of the transfers in newspapers of general
circulation serving the jurisdictions where the owners were
incorporated or doing business at the time of initial affixations.
The institution or entity shall keep on file a record of the efforts
made to locate such owners for inspection by appropriate governmental
agencies.
(i) This section applies only to such articles that were initially
mastered prior to February 15, 1972.



653i. Any person who is involved in a skiing accident and who
leaves the scene of the accident knowing or having reason to believe
that any other person involved in the accident is in need of medical
and other assistance, except to notify the proper authorities or to
obtain assistance, shall be guilty of an infraction punishable by
fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000).



653j. (a) Every person 18 years of age or older who, in any
voluntary manner, solicits, induces, encourages, or intimidates any
minor with the intent that the minor shall commit a felony in
violation of paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 136.1 or
Section 187, 211, 215, 245, 246, 451, 459, or 520 of the Penal Code,
or Section 10851 of the Vehicle Code, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three, five, or
seven years. If the minor is 16 years of age or older at the time of
the offense, this section shall only apply when the adult is at
least five years older than the minor at the time the offense is
committed.
(b) In no case shall the court impose a sentence pursuant to
subdivision (a) which exceeds the maximum penalty prescribed for the
felony offense for which the minor was solicited, induced,
encouraged, or intimidated to commit.
(c) Whenever a sentence is imposed under subdivision (a), the
court shall consider the severity of the underlying crime as one of
the circumstances in aggravation.



653k. Every person who possesses in the passenger's or driver's
area of any motor vehicle in any public place or place open to the
public, carries upon his or her person, and every person who sells,
offers for sale, exposes for sale, loans, transfers, or gives to any
other person a switchblade knife having a blade two or more inches in
length is guilty of a misdemeanor.
For the purposes of this section, "switchblade knife" means a
knife having the appearance of a pocketknife and includes a
spring-blade knife, snap-blade knife, gravity knife or any other
similar type knife, the blade or blades of which are two or more
inches in length and which can be released automatically by a flick
of a button, pressure on the handle, flip of the wrist or other
mechanical device, or is released by the weight of the blade or by
any type of mechanism whatsoever. "Switchblade knife" does not
include a knife that opens with one hand utilizing thumb pressure
applied solely to the blade of the knife or a thumb stud attached to
the blade, provided that the knife has a detent or other mechanism
that provides resistance that must be overcome in opening the blade,
or that biases the blade back toward its closed position.
For purposes of this section, "passenger's or driver's area" means
that part of a motor vehicle which is designed to carry the driver
and passengers, including any interior compartment or space therein.



653m. (a) Every person who, with intent to annoy, telephones or
makes contact by means of an electronic communication device with
another and addresses to or about the other person any obscene
language or addresses to the other person any threat to inflict
injury to the person or property of the person addressed or any
member of his or her family, is guilty of a misdemeanor. Nothing in
this subdivision shall apply to telephone calls or electronic
contacts made in good faith.
(b) Every person who makes repeated telephone calls or makes
repeated contact by means of an electronic communication device with
intent to annoy another person at his or her residence, is, whether
or not conversation ensues from making the telephone call or
electronic contact, guilty of a misdemeanor. Nothing in this
subdivision shall apply to telephone calls or electronic contacts
made in good faith.
(c) Every person who makes repeated telephone calls or makes
repeated contact by means of an electronic communication device with
the intent to annoy another person at his or her place of work is
guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one
thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail for
not more than one year, or by both that fine and imprisonment.
Nothing in this subdivision shall apply to telephone calls or
electronic contacts made in good faith. This subdivision applies
only if one or both of the following circumstances exist:
(1) There is a temporary restraining order, an injunction, or any
other court order, or any combination of these court orders, in
effect prohibiting the behavior described in this section.
(2) The person makes repeated telephone calls or makes repeated
contact by means of an electronic communication device with the
intent to annoy another person at his or her place of work, totaling
more than 10 times in a 24-hour period, whether or not conversation
ensues from making the telephone call or electronic contact, and the
repeated telephone calls or electronic contacts are made to the
workplace of an adult or fully emancipated minor who is a spouse,
former spouse, cohabitant, former cohabitant, or person with whom the
person has a child or has had a dating or engagement relationship or
is having a dating or engagement relationship.
(d) Any offense committed by use of a telephone may be deemed to
have been committed where the telephone call or calls were made or
received. Any offense committed by use of an electronic
communication device or medium, including the Internet, may be deemed
to have been committed when the electronic communication or
communications were originally sent or first viewed by the recipient.

(e) Subdivision (a), (b), or (c) is violated when the person
acting with intent to annoy makes a telephone call requesting a
return call and performs the acts prohibited under subdivision (a),
(b), or (c) upon receiving the return call.
(f) If probation is granted, or the execution or imposition of
sentence is suspended, for any person convicted under this section,
the court may order as a condition of probation that the person
participate in counseling.
(g) For purposes of this section, the term "electronic
communication device" includes, but is not limited to, telephones,
cellular phones, computers, video recorders, fax machines, or pagers.
"Electronic communication" has the same meaning as the term defined
in Subsection 12 of Section 2510 of Title 18 of the United States
Code.



653n. Any person who installs or who maintains after April 1, 1970,
any two-way mirror permitting observation of any restroom, toilet,
bathroom, washroom, shower, locker room, fitting room, motel room, or
hotel room, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
This section does not apply to such areas (a) in state or local
public penal, correctional, custodial, or medical institutions which
are used by, or for the treatment of, persons who are committed or
voluntarily confined to such institutions or voluntarily receive
treatment therein; (b) in private custodial or medical institutions,
which are used by, or for the treatment of, persons who are committed
or voluntarily confined to such institutions or voluntarily receive
treatment therein; (c) in public or private treatment facilities
which are used by, or for the treatment of, persons who are committed
or voluntarily confined to such facilities or voluntarily receive
treatment therein; (d) in buildings operated by state or local law
enforcement agencies; or (e) in public or private educational
institutions.
"Two-way mirror" as used in this section means a mirror or other
surface which permits any person on one side thereof to see through
it under certain conditions of lighting, while any person on the
other side thereof or other surface at that time can see only the
usual mirror or other surface reflection.

653o. (a) It is unlawful to import into this state for commercial
purposes, to possess with intent to sell, or to sell within the
state, the dead body, or any part or product thereof, of any polar
bear, leopard, ocelot, tiger, cheetah, jaguar, sable antelope, wolf
(Canis lupus), zebra, whale, cobra, python, sea turtle, colobus
monkey, kangaroo, vicuna, sea otter, free-roaming feral horse,
dolphin or porpoise (Delphinidae), Spanish lynx, or elephant.
(b) Commencing January 1, 2010, it shall be unlawful to import
into this state for commercial purposes, to possess with intent to
sell, or to sell within the state, the dead body, or any part or
product thereof, of any crocodile or alligator.
(c) Any person who violates any provision of this section is
guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject to a fine of not less
than one thousand dollars ($1,000) and not to exceed five thousand
dollars ($5,000) or imprisonment in the county jail for not to exceed
six months, or both such fine and imprisonment, for each violation.

(d) The prohibitions against importation for commercial purposes,
possession with intent to sell, and sale of the species listed in
this section are severable. A finding of the invalidity of any one or
more prohibitions shall not affect the validity of any remaining
prohibitions.


653p. It is unlawful to possess with the intent to sell, or to
sell, within the state, the dead body, or any part or product
thereof, of any species or subspecies of any fish, bird, mammal,
amphibian, reptile, mollusk, invertebrate, or plant, the importation
of which is illegal under the Federal Endangered Species Act of 1973
(Title 16, United States Code Sec. 1531 et seq.) and subsequent
amendments, or under the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (Title
16, United States Code Sec. 1361 et seq.), or which is listed in the
Federal Register by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to the
above acts. The violation of any federal regulations adopted pursuant
to the above acts shall also be deemed a violation of this section
and shall be prosecuted by the appropriate state or local officials.




653q. It is unlawful to import into this state for commercial
purposes, to possess with intent to sell, or to sell within the
state, the dead body, or any part or product thereof, of any seal.
Any person who violates any provision of this section is guilty of
a misdemeanor and shall be subject to a fine of not less than one
thousand dollars ($1,000) and not to exceed five thousand dollars
($5,000) or imprisonment in the county jail for not to exceed six
months, or both such fine and imprisonment, for each violation.



653r. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 3 of Chapter 1557
of the Statutes of 1970, it shall be unlawful to possess with intent
to sell, or to sell, within this state, after June 1, 1972, the dead
body, or any part or product thereof, of any fish, bird, amphibian,
reptile, or mammal specified in Section 653o or 653p.
Violation of this section constitutes a misdemeanor.



653s. (a) Any person who transports or causes to be transported for
monetary or other consideration within this state, any article
containing sounds of a live performance with the knowledge that the
sounds thereon have been recorded or mastered without the consent of
the owner of the sounds of the live performance is guilty of a public
offense punishable as provided in subdivision (g) or (h).
(b) As used in this section and Section 653u:
(1) "Live performance" means the recitation, rendering, or playing
of a series of musical, spoken, or other sounds in any audible
sequence thereof.
(2) "Article" means the original disc, wire, tape, film,
phonograph record, or other recording device used to record or master
the sounds of the live performance and any copy or reproduction
thereof which duplicates, in whole or in part, the original.
(3) "Person" means any individual, partnership, partnership member
or employee, corporation, association, or corporation or association
employee, officer, or director, limited liability company, or
limited liability company manager or officer.
(c) In the absence of a written agreement or operation of law to
the contrary, the performer or performers of the sounds of a live
performance shall be presumed to own the right to record or master
those sounds.
(d) For purposes of this section, a person who is authorized to
maintain custody and control over business records reflecting the
consent of the owner to the recordation or master recording of a live
performance shall be a proper witness in any proceeding regarding
the issue of consent.
Any witness called pursuant to this section shall be subject to
all rules of evidence relating to the competency of a witness to
testify and the relevance and admissibility of the testimony offered.

(e) This section shall neither enlarge nor diminish the rights and
remedies of parties to a recording or master recording which they
might otherwise possess by law.
(f) This section shall not apply to persons engaged in radio or
television broadcasting or cablecasting who record or fix the sounds
of a live performance for, or in connection with, broadcast or cable
transmission and related uses in educational television or radio
programs, for archival purposes, or for news programs or purposes if
the recordation or master recording is not commercially distributed
independent of the broadcast or cablecast by or through the
broadcasting or cablecasting entity to subscribers or the general
public.
(g) Any person who has been convicted of a violation of
subdivision (a), shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail
not to exceed one year, or by imprisonment in the state prison for
two, three, or five years, or by a fine not to exceed two hundred
fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), or by both, if the offense
involves the transportation or causing to be transported of not less
than 1,000 articles described in subdivision (a).
(h) Any person who has been convicted of any other violation of
subdivision (a) not described in subdivision (g) shall be punished by
imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed one year, or by a fine
not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), or both. A
second or subsequent conviction under subdivision (a) not described
in subdivision (g) shall be punished by imprisonment in the county
jail not to exceed one year or in the state prison, or by a fine not
to exceed one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), or by both.
(i) Every person who offers for sale or resale, or sells or
resells, or causes the sale or resale, or rents, or possesses for
these purposes, any article described in subdivision (a) with
knowledge that the sounds thereon have been so recorded or mastered
without the consent of the owner of the sounds of a live performance
is guilty of a public offense.
(1) A violation of subdivision (i) involving not less than 100 of
those articles shall be punishable by imprisonment in a county jail
not to exceed one year or by a fine not to exceed ten thousand
dollars ($10,000), or by both. A second or subsequent conviction for
the conduct described in this paragraph shall be punishable by
imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed one year or in the
state prison, or by a fine not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars
($25,000), or by both.
(2) A person who has been convicted of any violation of this
subdivision not described in paragraph (1) shall be punished by
imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed six months or by a fine
not to exceed five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by both. A second
conviction for the conduct described in this paragraph shall be
punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed one year
or by a fine not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000), or by
both. A third or subsequent conviction for the conduct described in
this paragraph shall be punishable by imprisonment in the county jail
not to exceed one year or in the state prison, or by a fine not to
exceed twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), or by both.



653t. (a) A person commits a public offense if the person knowingly
and maliciously interrupts, disrupts, impedes, or otherwise
interferes with the transmission of a communication over an amateur
or a citizen's band radio frequency, the purpose of which
communication is to inform or inquire about an emergency.
(b) For purposes of this section, "emergency" means a condition or
circumstance in which an individual is or is reasonably believed by
the person transmitting the communication to be in imminent danger of
serious bodily injury, in which property is or is reasonably
believed by the person transmitting the communication to be in
imminent danger of extensive damage or destruction, or in which that
injury or destruction has occurred and the person transmitting is
attempting to summon assistance.
(c) A violation of subdivision (a) is a misdemeanor punishable by
a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), by imprisonment
in a county jail not to exceed six months, or by both, unless, as a
result of the commission of the offense, serious bodily injury or
property loss in excess of ten thousand dollars ($10,000) occurs, in
which event the offense is a felony.
(d) Any person who knowingly and maliciously interrupts, disrupts,
impedes, or otherwise interferes with the transmission of an
emergency communication over a public safety radio frequency, when
the offense results in serious bodily injury or property loss in
excess of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), is guilty of a felony.




653u. (a) Any person who records or masters or causes to be
recorded or mastered on any article with the intent to sell for
commercial advantage or private financial gain, the sounds of a live
performance with the knowledge that the sounds thereon have been
recorded or mastered without the consent of the owner of the sounds
of the live performance is guilty of a public offense punishable as
provided in subdivisions (d) and (e).
(b) In the absence of a written agreement or operation of law to
the contrary, the performer or performers of the sounds of a live
performance shall be presumed to own the right to record or master
those sounds.
(c) For purposes of this section, a person who is authorized to
maintain custody and control over business records reflecting the
consent of the owner to the recordation or master recording of a live
performance shall be a proper witness in any proceeding regarding
the issue of consent.
Any witness called pursuant to this section shall be subject to
all rules of evidence relating to the competency of a witness to
testify and the relevance and admissibility of the testimony offered.

(d) Any person who has been convicted of a violation of
subdivision (a) shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail
not to exceed one year, or by imprisonment in the state prison for
two, three, or five years, or by a fine not to exceed two hundred
fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), or by both, if the offense
involves the recording, mastering, or causing to be recorded or
mastered at least 1,000 articles described in subdivision (a).
(e) Any person who has been convicted of any other violation of
subdivision (a) not described in subdivision (d), shall be punished
by imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed one year, or by a
fine not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), or by
both. A second or subsequent conviction under subdivision (a) not
described in subdivision (d) shall be punished by imprisonment in the
county jail not to exceed one year or in the state prison or by a
fine not to exceed one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), or by
both.


653v. Whenever any person is convicted of any violation of Section
653h, 653s, 653u, or 653w the court, in its judgment of conviction,
shall, in addition to the penalty therein prescribed, order the
forfeiture and destruction or other disposition of all articles,
including, but not limited to, phonograph records, discs, wires,
tapes, films, or any other article upon which sounds or images can be
recorded or stored, and any and all electronic, mechanical, or other
devices for manufacturing, reproducing or assembling these articles,
which were used in connection with, or which were part of, any
violation of Section 653h, 653s, 653u, or 653w.




653w. (a) A person is guilty of failure to disclose the origin of a
recording or audiovisual work if, for commercial advantage or
private financial gain, he or she knowingly advertises or offers for
sale or resale, or sells or resells, or causes the rental, sale or
resale, or rents, or manufactures, or possesses for these purposes,
any recording or audiovisual work, the cover, box, jacket, or label
of which does not clearly and conspicuously disclose the actual true
name and address of the manufacturer thereof and the name of the
actual author, artist, performer, producer, programmer, or group
thereon. This section does not require the original manufacturer or
authorized licensees of software producers to disclose the
contributing authors or programmers.
As used in this section, "recording" means any tangible medium
upon which information or sounds are recorded or otherwise stored,
including any phonograph record, disc, tape, audio cassette, wire,
film, or other medium on which information or sounds are recorded or
otherwise stored, but does not include sounds accompanying a motion
picture or other audiovisual work.
As used in this section, "audiovisual works" are the physical
embodiment of works that consist of related images that are
intrinsically intended to be shown using machines or devices such as
projectors, viewers, or electronic equipment, together with
accompanying sounds, if any, regardless of the nature of the material
objects such as films or tapes on which the works are embodied.
(b) Any person who has been convicted of a violation of
subdivision (a) shall be punished as follows:
(1) If the offense involves the advertisement, offer for sale or
resale, sale, rental, manufacture, or possession for these purposes,
of at least 100 articles of audio recordings or 100 articles of
audiovisual works described in subdivision (a), the person shall be
punished by imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed one year, or
by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three, or five years, or
by a fine not to exceed two hundred fifty thousand dollars
($250,000), or by both.
(2) Any other violation of subdivision (a) not described in
paragraph (1), shall, upon a first offense, be punished by
imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed one year, or by a fine
not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), or by both.
(3) A second or subsequent conviction under subdivision (a) not
described in paragraph (1), shall be punished by imprisonment in a
county jail not to exceed one year or in the state prison, or by a
fine not to exceed one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), or by
both.



653x. (a) Any person who telephones the 911 emergency line with the
intent to annoy or harass another person is guilty of a misdemeanor
punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000),
by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than six months, or by
both the fine and imprisonment. Nothing in this section shall apply
to telephone calls made in good faith.
(b) An intent to annoy or harass is established by proof of
repeated calls over a period of time, however short, that are
unreasonable under the circumstances.
(c) Upon conviction of a violation of this section, a person also
shall be liable for all reasonable costs incurred by any unnecessary
emergency response.


653y. (a) Any person who knowingly allows the use or who uses the
911 telephone system for any reason other than because of an
emergency is guilty of an infraction, punishable as follows:
(1) For a first or second violation, a written warning shall be
issued to the violator by the public safety entity originally
receiving the call describing the punishment for subsequent
violations. The written warning shall inform the recipient to notify
the issuing agency that the warning was issued inappropriately if
the recipient did not make, or knowingly allow the use of the 911
telephone system for, the nonemergency 911 call. The law enforcement
agency may provide educational materials regarding the appropriate
use of the 911 telephone system.
(2) For a third or subsequent violation, a citation may be issued
by the public safety entity originally receiving the call pursuant
to which the violator shall be subject to the following penalties
that may be reduced by a court upon consideration of the violator's
ability to pay:
(A) For a third violation, a fine of fifty dollars ($50).
(B) For a fourth violation, a fine of one hundred dollars ($100).

(C) For a fifth or subsequent violation, a fine of two hundred
dollars ($200).
(b) The parent or legal guardian having custody and control of an
unemancipated minor who violates this section shall be jointly and
severally liable with the minor for the fine imposed pursuant to this
section.
(c) For purposes of this section, "emergency" means any condition
in which emergency services will result in the saving of a life, a
reduction in the destruction of property, quicker apprehension of
criminals, or assistance with potentially life-threatening medical
problems, a fire, a need for rescue, an imminent potential crime, or
a similar situation in which immediate assistance is required.
(d) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), this section shall not apply
to a telephone corporation or any other entity for acts or omissions
relating to the routine maintenance, repair, or operation of the 911
or 311 telephone system.



653z. (a) Every person who operates a recording device in a motion
picture theater while a motion picture is being exhibited, for the
purpose of recording a theatrical motion picture and without the
express written authority of the owner of the motion picture theater,
is guilty of a public offense and shall be punished by imprisonment
in a county jail not exceeding one year, by a fine not exceeding two
thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500), or by both that fine and
imprisonment.
(b) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the
following meanings:
(1) "Recording device" means a photographic, digital or video
camera, or other audio or video recording device capable of recording
the sounds and images of a motion picture or any portion of a motion
picture.
(2) "Motion picture theater" means a theater or other premises in
which a motion picture is exhibited.
(c) Nothing in this section shall preclude prosecution under any
other provision of law.