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United States Regulations
46 CFR PART 58—MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS
Title 46: Shipping
PART 58—MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS
Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1333; 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.
Source: CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, unless otherwise noted.
Subpart 58.01—General Requirements
§ 58.01-1 Scope.
The regulations in this part contain requirements for the design and construction of main and auxiliary machinery installed on vessels.
§ 58.01-5 Applicable standards.
The applicable standards established by the American Bureau of Shipping or other recognized classification society, may be used as the standard for the design, construction, and testing of main and auxiliary machinery except as modified in this subchapter.
§ 58.01-10 Fuel oil.
(a) The following limits apply to the use of oil as fuel:
(1) Except as otherwise permitted by this section, no fuel oil with a flashpoint of less than 60 °C (140 °F) may be used.
(2) Except as otherwise permitted by §58.50–1(b), fuel oil with a flashpoint of not less than 43 °C (110 °F) may be used in emergency generators.
(3) Subject to such additional precautions as the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center, considers necessary, and provided that the ambient temperature of the space in which such fuel oil is stored or used does not rise to within 10 °C (50 °F) below the flashpoint of the fuel oil, fuel oil having a flashpoint of less than 60 °C (140 °F) but not less than 43 °C (110 °F) may be used in general.
(4) In a cargo vessel, fuel having a lower flashpoint than otherwise specified in this section—for example, crude oil—may be used provided that such fuel is not stored in any machinery space and that the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center, approves the complete installation.
(b) The flashpoint of oil must be determined by the Pensky-Martens Closed Tester, ASTM D 93 (incorporated by reference, see §58.03–1).
[CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24775, May 10, 1995, as amended by USCG–1999–5151, 64 FR 67180, Dec. 1, 1999]
§ 58.01-20 Machinery guards.
Gears, couplings, flywheels and all machinery capable of injuring personnel shall be provided with adequate covers or guards.
§ 58.01-25 Means of stopping machinery.
Machinery driving forced-draft and induced-draft fans, fuel-oil transfer pumps, fuel-oil unit and service pumps, and similar fuel-oil pumps must be fitted with remote controls from a readily accessible position outside the space concerned so that the fans or pumps may be stopped in case of fire in the compartment in which they are located. The controls must be suitably protected against accidental operation and against tampering and must be suitably marked.
[CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24775, May 10, 1995]
§ 58.01-30 Trial-trip observance.
The operation of main and auxiliary engines, boilers, steering gear, and auxiliaries shall be observed on the trial trip of each new vessel and all deficiencies which affect the safety of the vessel shall be corrected to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
§ 58.01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.
Auxiliary machinery vital to the main propulsion system must be provided in duplicate unless the system served is provided in independent duplicate, or otherwise provides continued or restored propulsion capability in the event of a failure or malfunction of any single auxiliary component.
Note: Partial reduction of normal propulsion capability as a result of malfunction or failure is acceptable if the reduced capability is not below that necessary for the vessel to run ahead at 7 knots or half speed, whichever is less, and is adequate to maintain control of the ship.
[CGD 81–030, 53 FR 17837, May 18, 1988]
§ 58.01-40 Machinery, angles of inclination.
(a) Propulsion machinery and all auxiliary machinery essential to the propulsion and safety of the vessel must be designed to operate when the vessel is upright, when the vessel is inclined under static conditions at any angle of list up to and including 15°, and when the vessel is inclined under dynamic conditions (rolling) at any angle of list up to and including 22.5° and, simultaneously, at any angle of trim (pitching) up to and including 7.5° by bow or stern.
(b) Deviations from these angles of inclination may be permitted by the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center, considering the type, size, and service of the vessel.
[CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24775, May 10, 1995]
§ 58.01-45 Machinery space, ventilation.
Each machinery space must be ventilated to ensure that, when machinery or boilers are operating at full power in all weather including heavy weather, an adequate supply of air is maintained for the operation of the machinery and for the safety, efficiency, and comfort of the crew.
[CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24775, May 10, 1995]
§ 58.01-50 Machinery space, noise.
(a) Each machinery space must be designed to minimize the exposure of personnel to noise in accordance with IMO Assembly Resolution A.468(XII), Code on Noise Levels on Board Ships, 1981. No person may encounter a 24-hour effective noise level greater than 82 dB(A) when noise is measured using a sound-level meter and an A-weighting filter.
(b) Except as allowed by paragraph (c) of this section, no machinery space may exceed the following noise levels:
(1) Machinery control room—75 dB(A)
(2) Manned machinery space—90 dB(A)
(3) Unmanned machinery space—110 dB(A)
(4) Periodically unattended machinery space—110 dB(A)
(5) Workshop—85 dB(A)
(6) Any other work space around machinery—90 dB(A)
(c) If adding a source of noise would cause a machinery space to exceed the noise level permitted by paragraph (b) of this section, the new source must be suitably insulated or isolated so that the space does not exceed that noise level. If the space is manned, a refuge from noise must be provided within the space.
(d) Ear protection must be provided for any person entering any space with a noise level greater than 85 dB(A).
(e) Each entrance to a machinery space with a noise level greater than 85 dB(A) must have a warning sign stating that each person entering the space must wear ear protection.
[CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24776, May 10, 1995]
§ 58.01-55 Tanks for flammable and combustible oil.
(a) For the purposes of this section, a machinery space of category A is a space that contains any of the following:
(1) Internal-combustion machinery used for main propulsion.
(2) Internal-combustion machinery used for other than main propulsion, whose power output is equal to or greater than 500 HP (375 kw).
(3) Any oil-fired boiler.
(4) Any equipment used to prepare fuel oil for delivery to an oil-fired boiler, or equipment used to prepare heated oil for delivery to an internal-combustion engine, including any oil-pressure pumps, filters, and heaters dealing with oil pressures above 26 psi.
(b) As far as practicable, each fuel-oil tank must be part of the vessel's structure and be located outside a machinery space of category A.
(c) If a fuel-oil tank, other than a double-bottom tank, must be located adjacent to or within a machinery space of category A—
(1) At least one of its vertical sides must be contiguous to the boundary of the machinery space;
(2) The tank must have a common boundary with the double-bottom tanks; and
(3) The area of the tank boundary common with the machinery spaces must be kept as small as practicable.
(d) If a fuel-oil tank must be located within a machinery space of category A, it must not contain fuel oil with a flashpoint of less than 60 °C (140 °F).
(e) In general, no freestanding fuel-oil tank is permitted in any machinery space of Category A on a passenger vessel. A freestanding fuel-oil tank is permitted in other spaces only if authorized by the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center. If so authorized, each freestanding fuel-oil tank must—
(i) Comply with Subpart 58.50 of this subchapter; and
(ii) Be placed in an oil-tight spill tray with a drain pipe leading to a spill-oil tank.
(f) No fuel-oil tank may be located where spillage or leakage from it can constitute a hazard by falling on heated surfaces. The design must also prevent any oil that may escape under pressure from any pump, filter, or heater from coming into contact with heated surfaces.
[CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24776, May 10, 1995]
Subpart 58.03—Incorporation of Standards
§ 58.03-1 Incorporation by reference.
(a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). To enforce any edition other than that specified in paragraph (b) of this section, the Coast Guard must publish notice of change in the Federal Register and make the material available to the public. All approved material is on file at the U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Design and Engineering Standards (G-MSE), 2100 Second Street SW., Washington, DC 20593–0001 and is available from the sources indicated in paragraph (b) of this section or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html.
(b) The material approved for incorporation by reference in this part and the sections affected are:
American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC)
3069 Solomons Island Road, Edgewater, MD 21037
P–1–73, Safe Installation of Exhaust Systems for Propulsion and Auxiliary Machinery, 1973 58.10–5
American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)
ABS Plaza, 16855 Northchase Drive, Houston, TX 77060
Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels, 1989 58.01–5; 58.05–1; 58.10–15; 58.20–5; 58.25–5
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036
ANSI B31.3, Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping, 1987 58.60–7 ANSI B31.5, Refrigeration Piping, 1987 58.20–5; 58.20–20 ANSI B93.5, Recommended practice for the use of Fire Resistant Fluids for Fluid Power Systems, 1979 58.30–10
American Petroleum Institute (API)
1220 L Street NW., Washington, DC 20005—4070.
API RP 14C, Analysis, Design, Installation and Testing of Basic Surface Safety Systems for Offshore Production Platforms, 1986 58.60–9 API RP 53, Recommended Practice for Blowout Prevention Equipment Systems for Drilling Wells, 1984 58.60–7
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International
Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016—5990.
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code,
Section I, Power Boilers, July 1989 with 1989 addenda 58.30–15 Section VIII, Division 1, Pressure Vessels, July 1989 with 1989 addenda 58.30–15
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428–2959.
ASTM A 193/A 193M–98a, Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting Materials for High-Temperature Service 58.30–15 ASTM B 96–93, Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessels 58.50–5 ASTM B 122/B 122M–95, Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar 58.50–5 ASTM B 152–97a, Standard Specification for Copper Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar 58.50–5 ASTM B 209–96, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate 58.50–5; 58.50–10 ASTM D 92–97, Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup 58.30–10 ASTM D 93–97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester 58.01–10 ASTM D 323–94, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method) 58.16–5
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Publications Section, 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom
A.467(XII), Guidelines for Acceptance of Non-Duplicated Rudder Actuators for Tankers, Chemical Tankers and Gas Carriers of 10,000 Tons Gross Tonnage and Above But Less Than 100,000 Tonnes Deadweight, 1981—58.25–60 A.468(XII), Code on Noise Levels on Board Ships, 1981—58.01–50
Military Specifications (MIL-SPEC)
Naval Publication and Forms Center, Code 1052, 5801 Tabor Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19120
MIL-S-901, Requirements for High Impact Shock Tests of Shipboard Machinery Equipment and Systems, 1963 58.30–17
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269
NFPA 302, Fire Protection Standard for Pleasure and Commercial Craft, 1989 58.10–5
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096
SAE J–1928, Devices Providing Backfire Flame Control for Gasoline Engines in Marine Applications, 1989 58.10–5
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL)
12 Laboratory Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
UL 1111, Marine Carburetor Flame Arresters, 1988 58.10–5
[CGD 88–032, 56 FR 35823, July 29, 1991, as amended by CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24776, May 10, 1995; CGD 95–012, 60 FR 48050, Sept. 18, 1995; CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50462, Sept. 29, 1995; CGD 96–041, 61 FR 50728, Sept. 27, 1996; CGD 97–057, 62 FR 51044, Sept. 30, 1997; USCG–1999–6216, 64 FR 53224, Oct. 1, 1999; USCG–1999–5151, 64 FR 67180, Dec. 1, 1999; USCG–2000–7790, 65 FR 58460, Sept. 29, 2000]
Subpart 58.05—Main Propulsion Machinery
§ 58.05-1 Material, design and construction.
(a) The material, design, construction, workmanship, and arrangement of main propulsion machinery and of each auxiliary, directly connected to the engine and supplied as such, must be at least equivalent to the standards established by the American Bureau of Shipping or other recognized classification society, except as otherwise provided by this subchapter.
(b) When main and auxiliary machinery is to be installed without classification society review, the builder shall submit in quadruplicate to the cognizant Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, such drawings and particulars of the installation as are required by the American Bureau of Shipping rules for similar installations on classed vessels.
[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, as amended by CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24776, May 10, 1995]
§ 58.05-5 Astern power.
(a) All vessels shall have sufficient power for going astern to secure proper control of the ship in all normal circumstances.
§ 58.05-10 Automatic shut-off.
Main propulsion machinery must be provided with automatic shut-off controls in accordance with part 62 of this subchapter. These controls must shut down main propulsion machinery in case of a failure, such as failure of the lubricating-oil supply, that could lead rapidly to complete breakdown, serious damage, or explosion.
[CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24776, May 10, 1995]
Subpart 58.10—Internal Combustion Engine Installations
§ 58.10-5 Gasoline engine installations.
(a) Engine design. All installations shall be of marine type engines suitable for the intended service, designed and constructed in conformance with the requirements of this subchapter.
(b) Carburetors. (1) Drip collectors shall be fitted under all carburetors, except the down-draft type, to prevent fuel leakage from reaching the bilges and so arranged as to permit ready removal of such fuel leakage. Drip collectors shall be covered with flame screens.
Note: It is recommended that drip collectors be drained by a device for automatic return of all drip to engine air intakes.
(2) All gasoline engines must be equipped with an acceptable means of backfire flame control. Installations of backfire flame arresters bearing basic Approval Nos. 162.015 or 162.041 or engine air and fuel induction systems bearing basic Approval Nos. 162.015 or 162.042 may be continued in use as long as they are serviceable and in good condition. New installations or replacements must meet the applicable requirements of this section.
(3) The following are acceptable means of backfire flame control for gasoline engines:
(i) A backfire flame arrester complying with SAE J–1928 or UL 1111 and marked accordingly. The flame arrester must be suitably secured to the air intake with a flametight connection.
(ii) An engine air and fuel induction system which provides adequate protection from propagation of backfire flame to the atmosphere equivalent to that provided by an acceptable backfire flame arrester. A gasoline engine utilizing an air and fuel induction system, and operated without an approved backfire flame arrester, must either include a reed valve assembly or be installed in accordance with SAE J–1928.
(iii) An arrangement of the carburetor or engine air induction system that will disperse any flames caused by engine backfire. The flames must be dispersed to the atmosphere outside the vessel in such a manner that the flames will not endanger the vessel, persons, on board, or nearby vessels and structures. Flame dispersion may be achieved by attachments to the carburetor or location of the engine air induction system. All attachments must be of metallic construction with flametight connections and firmly secured to withstand vibration, shock, and engine backfire. Such installations do not require formal approval and labeling but must comply with this subpart.
(c) Exhaust manifold. The exhaust manifold shall either be water-jacketed and cooled by discharge from a pump which operates whenever the engine is running, or woodwork within nine inches shall be protected by 1/4-inch asbestos board covered with not less than No. 22 USSG (U.S. standard gage) galvanized sheet iron or nonferrous metal. A dead air space of 1/4-inch shall be left between the protecting asbestos and the wood, and a clearance of not less than two inches maintained between the manifold and the surface of such protection.
(d) Exhaust pipe. (1) Exhaust pipe installations shall conform to the requirements of the American Boat and Yacht Council Standard P–1 “Safe Installation for Exhaust Systems” and National Fire Protection Association Standard NFPA 302, part 1, section 23 and the following additional requirements:
(i) All exhaust installations with pressures in excess of 15 pounds per square inch gage or employing runs passing through living or working spaces shall meet the material requirements of part 56 of this subchapter.
(ii) Horizontal dry exhaust pipes are permitted only if they do not pass through living or berthing spaces, they terminate above the deepest load waterline and are so arranged as to prevent entry of cold water from rough or boarding seas, and they are constructed of corrosion resisting material “at the hull penetration.”
[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, as amended by CGD 88–032, 56 FR 35824, July 29, 1991]
§ 58.10-10 Diesel engine installations.
(a) The requirements of §58.10–5 (a), (c), and (d) shall apply to diesel engine installations.
(b) A diesel engine air intake on a mobile offshore drilling unit must not be in a classified location. 1
(c) A diesel engine exhaust on a mobile offshore drilling unit must not discharge into a classified location. 1
1 Sections 108.171 to 108.175 of this chapter define classified locations for mobile offshore drilling units.
[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, as amended by CGD 73–251, 43 FR 56801, Dec. 4, 1978; CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51202, Sept. 30, 1997]
§ 58.10-15 Gas turbine installations.
(a) Standards. The design, construction, workmanship and tests of gas turbines and their associated machinery shall be at least equivalent to the standards of the American Bureau of Shipping or other recognized classification society.
(b) Materials. The materials used for gas turbine installations shall have properties suitable for the intended service. When materials not conforming to standard ASTM specifications are employed, data concerning their properties, including high temperature strength data, where applicable, shall be furnished.
(c) Exhausts. (1) Where piping is used for gas turbine exhaust lines, Class II is required as a minimum. (See subpart 56.04 of this subchapter.) Where the exhaust pressure exceeds 150 pounds per square inch, such as in closed cycle systems, Class I shall be used. Where ducting other than pipe is employed, the drawings and design data shall be submitted to substantiate suitability and safety for the intended service.
(2) Where considered necessary, gas turbines and associated exhaust systems shall be suitably insulated or cooled, by means of lagging, water spray, or a combination thereof.
(3) Gas turbine exhausts shall not be interconnected with boiler uptakes except for gas turbines used for emergency power and lighting or for emergency propulsion. Dampers or other suitable means shall be installed to prevent backflow of boiler exhaust gases through the turbine. Interconnected exhausts must be specifically approved by the Commandant.
(4) A gas turbine exhaust on a mobile offshore drilling unit must not discharge in a classified location. 1
(d) Air inlets. Air inlets must be designed as follows:
(1) Each air inlet must have means to protect the safety of life and to prevent the entrance of harmful foreign material, including water, into the system.
(2) A gas turbine air inlet must not be in a classified location. 1
1 Sections 108.171 to 108.175 of this Chapter define classified locations for mobile offshore drilling units.
(e) Cooling and ventilation. Means shall be provided for circulating air, either natural or forced, through the engine compartment for cooling and ventilation.
(f) Automatic shutdown. (1) The control system shall be designed for automatic shutdown of the engine with actuation of audible and visible alarms at shutdown. The visible malfunction indicator shall indicate what condition caused the shutdown and remain visible until reset. Automatic shutdown shall occur under the following conditions:
(ii) Low lubricating oil pressure. Consideration will be given providing alarm only (without shutdown) in those cases where suitable antifriction bearings are fitted.
(2) Audible or visible alarms shall also be provided for:
(i) Excessive gas temperature, measured at the turbine inlet, gas generator, interstage turbine or turbine exhaust.
(ii) Excessive lubricating oil temperature.
(iii) Excessive speed.
(iv) Reduced lubricating oil pressure.
(3) A remote, manually operated shutdown device shall be provided. Such device may be totally mechanical or may be electrical with a manually actuated switch.
(g) Drawings and design data. Drawings and design data of the following components shall be submitted to substantiate their suitability and safety for the service intended:
(1) Combustion chamber.
(2) Regenerator or recuperator.
(3) Casing or piping conveying the gas from the combustion device to the gas turbine.
(h) Fuel systems. Gas turbine fuel systems shall meet the requirements of part 56 of this subchapter.
(i) Fire extinguishing systems. A special local fire extinguishing system may be required for gas turbine installations if considered necessary by the Commandant. Such a system would be in addition to any other required in the compartment in which the gas turbine is located.
[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, as amended by CGFR 72–59R, 37 FR 6190, Mar. 25, 1972; CGD 73–251, 43 FR 56801, Dec. 4, 1978; CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24776, May 10, 1995]
Subpart 58.16—Liquefied Petroleum Gases for Cooking and Heating
§ 58.16-1 Scope.
(a) This subpart prescribes standards for the use of liquefied petroleum gas for heating and cooking on inspected vessels, except ferries.
(b) It is the intent of the regulations in this subpart to permit liquefied petroleum gas systems of the vapor withdrawal type only. Cylinders designed to admit liquid gas into any other part of the system are prohibited.
(c) Except as provided by §58.16–7(b), all component parts of the system, except cylinders, appliances, and low pressure tubing, shall be designed to withstand a pressure of 500 pounds per square inch without failure.
[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, as amended by CGD 83–013, 54 FR 6402, Feb. 10, 1989]
§ 58.16-5 Definition.
For the purpose of this subpart the term “liquefied petroleum gas” means any liquefied flammable gas which is composed predominantly of hydrocarbons or mixtures of hydrocarbons, such as propane, propylene, butane, butylene, or butadiene, and which has a Reid ASTM D 323 (incorporated by reference, see §58.03–1). Method of test for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)) vapor pressure exceeding 40 pounds per square inch absolute at 100 °F.
[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, as amended by USCG–2000–7790, 65 FR 58460, Sept. 29, 2000]
§ 58.16-7 Use of liquefied petroleum gas.
(a) Cooking equipment using liquefied petroleum gas on vessels of 100 gross tons or more that carry passengers for hire must meet the requirements of this subpart.
(b) Cooking equipment using liquefied petroleum gas on vessels of less than 100 gross tons that carry passengers for hire must meet the requirements of 46 CFR 25.45–2 or 184.05, as applicable.
(c) Systems using liquefied petroleum gas for cooking or heating on any other vessels subject to inspection by the Coast Guard must meet the requirements of this subpart.
[CGD 83–013, 54 FR 6402, Feb. 10, 1989]
§ 58.16-10 Approvals.
(a) Gas appliances. (1) All gas-consuming appliances used for cooking and heating shall be of a type approved by the Commandant, and shall be tested, listed and labeled by an acceptable laboratory, such as:
(i) The American Gas Association Testing Laboratories.
(ii) The Marine Department, Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. (formerly Yacht Safety Bureau).
(2) Continuous-burning pilot flames are prohibited for use on gas appliances when installed below the weather deck.
(3) Printed instructions for proper installation, operation, and maintenance of each gas-consuming appliance shall be furnished by the manufacturer.
(b) Cylinders. (1) Cylinders in which liquefied petroleum gas is stored and handled shall be constructed, tested, marked, maintained, and retested in accordance with the regulations of the Department of Transportation.
(2) All liquefied petroleum gas cylinders in service shall bear a test date marking indicating that they have been retested in accordance with the regulations of the Department of Transportation.
(3) Regardless of the date of the previous test, a cylinder shall be rejected for further service when it leaks; when it is weakened appreciably by corrosion, denting, bulging or other evidence of rough usage; when it has lost more than 5 percent of its tare weight; or when it has been involved in a fire.
(c) Safety relief devices. All safety relief devices where required, shall be approved as to type, size, pressure setting, and location, by the Bureau of Explosives in conformance with the regulations of the Department of Transportation.
(d) Valves, regulators, and vaporizers. All component parts of the system, other than cylinders and low pressure distribution tubing between regulators and appliances, shall be tested and approved by and bear the label of the Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., or other recognized testing laboratory.
(e) Plan approval. Drawings in triplicate, showing the location and installation of all piping, gas-consuming appliances, cylinders, and other component parts of the system shall be submitted for approval.
[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, as amended by CGFR 69–127, 35 FR 9980 June 17, 1970]
§ 58.16-15 Valves and safety relief devices.
(a) Each cylinder shall have a manually operated screw-down shutoff valve fitted with a handwheel installed directly at the cylinder outlet.
(b) All cylinders shall be protected by one or more safety relief devices complying with the requirements of §58.16–10(a). The safety relief device shall be a shutoff valve with an integral spring-loaded safety relief valve and supplementary fusible plug, the latter designed to yield when the cylinder has been emptied of liquid gas by the relief valve under conditions of exposure to excessive heat.
(c) Cylinder valves and safety relief devices shall have direct communication with the vapor space of the cylinder.
(d) In addition to the cylinder valve, a multiple cylinder system shall be provided with a two-way positive shutoff manifold valve of the manually operated type. The manifold valve shall be so arranged that the replacement of empty cylinders can be made without shutting down the flow of gas in the system.
(e) A master packless shutoff valve controlling all burners simultaneously shall be installed at the manifold of all gas-consuming appliances.
§ 58.16-16 Reducing regulators.
(a) All systems shall be provided with a regulating device so adjusted as to release gas to the distribution tubing at a pressure not in excess of 18 inches water column, or approximately 10.5 ounces per square inch.
(b) The low pressure side of all regulators shall be protected against excessive pressure by means of a suitable relief valve which shall be integral with the regulator. The relief valve shall be set to start to discharge at a pressure not less than two times and not more than three times the delivery pressure.
(c) All reducing regulators shall be fitted with a pressure gage located on the high pressure side of the regulator.
§ 58.16-17 Piping and fittings.
(a) The piping between the cylinders and the appliances shall be seamless annealed copper tubing or such other seamless tubing as may be approved by the Commandant.
(b) All high pressure tubing between the cylinders and the regulators shall have a minimum wall thickness of 0.049 inch. All low-pressure tubing between the regulator and appliances shall have a minimum wall thickness of 0.032 inch.
(c) Tubing connecting fittings shall be of the flare type; or connections may be soldered or brazed with material having a melting point in excess of 1,000 °F.
§ 58.16-18 Installation.
(a) Cylinders, regulating and safety equipment. (1) Cylinders, regulating and safety equipment shall be installed in a substantially constructed and firmly fixed metal enclosure located on or above the weather deck. The cylinder enclosure shall have access from the weather deck only. The enclosure shall be provided with top and bottom ventilation consisting of a fresh air inlet pipe and an exhaust pipe both entering through the top of the cylinder housing. The enclosure shall be constructed so that when the access opening is closed, no gas can escape except through the ventilation system.
(2) Cylinders, regulating and safety devices shall be securely fastened and supported within the metal enclosure. The cylinders and high pressure equipment shall be so mounted as to be readily accessible and capable of easy removal for refilling and inspection. The stowage of high pressure equipment in the housing shall be such that the cylinder valves can be readily operated and the pressure gage dial be easily visible. Where possible cylinders shall be mounted in an upright position.
(3) Stowage of unconnected spare cylinders, filled or empty, shall comply with the requirements for cylinders.
(4) All valves, manifolds and regulators shall be securely mounted in locations readily accessible for inspection, maintenance and testing, and shall be adequately protected.
(5) Discharge of the safety relief valves shall be vented away from the cylinder, and insofar as practicable, upward into the open atmosphere, but in all cases so as to prevent impingement of the escaping gas onto a cylinder.
(b) Piping. (1) All piping shall be installed so as to provide minimum interior runs and adequate flexibility. The piping at the cylinder outlets shall be fitted with flexible metallic connections to minimize the effect of cylinder movement on the outlet piping.
(2) Distribution lines shall be protected from physical damage and be readily accessible for inspection. Lines shall be substantially secured against vibration by means of soft nonferrous metal clips without sharp edges in contact with the tubing. When passing through decks or bulkheads, the lines shall be protected by ferrules of nonabrasive material. The distribution lines shall be continuous length of tubes from the regulator to the shutoff valve at the appliance manifold.
(c) Gas-consuming appliances. All gas-consuming appliances shall be permanently and securely fastened in place.
(d) Electrical. No electrical connections shall be made within the cylinder housing.
§ 58.16-19 Tests.
(a) Installation. (1) After installation, the distribution tubing shall be tested prior to its connection to the regulator and appliance by an air pressure of not less than 5 pounds per square inch.
(2) After satisfactory completion of the tests prescribed in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, the distribution tubing shall be connected to the regulator and appliance and the entire system subjected to a leak test as required by §58.16–30(j).
(b) Periodic. Leak tests as required by §58.16–30(j) shall be conducted at least once each month and at each regular annual or biennial inspection. The tests required at monthly intervals shall be conducted by a licensed officer of the vessel or qualified personnel acceptable to the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. The owner, master, or person in charge of the vessel shall keep records of such tests showing the dates when performed and the name(s) of the person(s) and/or company conducting the tests. Such records shall be made available to the marine inspector upon request and shall be kept for the period of validity of the vessel's current certificate of inspection. Where practicable, these records should be kept in or with the vessel's logbook.
§ 58.16-20 Ventilation of compartments containing gas-consuming appliances.
(a) Compartments containing gas-consuming appliances which are located above the weather deck shall be fitted with at least two natural ventilator ducts led from the atmosphere with one extending to the floor level and the other extending to the overhead of the compartment. Powered ventilation may be used provided the motor is outside the compartment.
(b) Compartments in which gas-consuming appliances are located entirely below the weather deck shall be provided with powered ventilation of sufficient capacity to effect a change of air at least once every 6 minutes. The motor for the powered ventilation shall be located outside the compartment.
§ 58.16-25 Odorization.
(a) All liquefied petroleum gases shall be effectively odorized by an agent of such character as to indicate positively by a distinctive odor, the presence of gas down to concentration in air of not over one-fifth the lower limit of combustibility.
§ 58.16-30 Operating instructions.
(a) Before opening a cylinder valve, the outlet of the cylinder shall be connected tightly to system; and in the case where only a single cylinder is used in the system, all appliance valves and pilots shall be shut off before the cylinder valve is opened.
(b) Before opening cylinder valve after connecting it to system, the cylinder shall be securely fastened in place.
(c) When cylinders are not in use their outlet valves shall be kept closed.
(d) Cylinders when exhausted shall have their outlet valves closed.
(e) Nothing shall be stored in the metal enclosure except liquefied petroleum gas cylinders and permanently fastened parts of the system.
(f) Valve protecting caps, if provided, shall be firmly fixed in place on all cylinders not attached to the system. Caps for cylinders in use may remain in the cylinder enclosure if rigidly fastened thereto.
(g) The opening to the cylinder enclosure shall be closed at all times except when access is required to change cylinders or maintain equipment.
(h) Close master valve whenever gas-consuming appliance is not in use.
(i) No smoking is permitted in the vicinity of the cylinder enclosure when access to enclosure is open.
(j) Test system for leakage in accordance with the following procedure: With appliance valve closed, the master shutoff valve on the appliance open, and with one cylinder valve open, note pressure in the gage. Close cylinder valve. The pressure should remain constant for at least 10 minutes. If the pressure drops, locate leakage by application of liquid detergent or soapy water solution at all connections. Never use flame to check for leaks. Repeat test for each cylinder in a multicylinder system.
(k) Report any presence of gas odor to
§ 58.16-35 Markings.
(a) The outside of the cylinder enclosure housing liquefied petroleum gas cylinders, valves and regulators shall be marked as follows:
Liquefied Petroleum Gas
Keep Open Fires Away.
Inside and In____________________
(b) A durable and permanently legible instruction sign covering safe operation and maintenance of the gas-consuming appliance shall be installed adjacent to the appliance.
(c) “Operating Instructions” as listed in §58.16–30 shall be framed under glass, or other equivalent, clear, transparent material, in plainly visible locations on the outside of the metal enclosure and near the most frequently used gas-consuming appliance, so they may be easily read.
Subpart 58.20—Refrigeration Machinery
§ 58.20-1 Scope.
(a) The regulations in this subpart apply to fixed refrigeration systems for air conditioning, refrigerated spaces, cargo spaces, and reliquefaction of low temperature cargo installed on vessels.
(b) The regulations in this subpart shall not apply to small self-contained units.
§ 58.20-5 Design.
(a) Refrigeration machinery may be accepted for installation provided the design, material, and fabrication comply with the applicable requirements of the American Bureau of Shipping or other recognized classification society. The minimum pressures for design of all components shall be those listed for piping in Table 501.2.4 of ANSI-B31.5 (Refrigeration Piping). In no case shall pressure components be designed for a pressure less than that for which the safety devices of the system are set. Pressure vessels will be designed in accordance with part 54 of this subchapter.
(b) For refrigeration systems other than those for reliquefaction of cargo, only those refrigerants under §147.90 of this chapter are allowed.
[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, as amended by CGFR 69–127, 35 FR 9980, June 17, 1970; CGD 84–044, 53 FR 7748, Mar. 10, 1988]
§ 58.20-10 Pressure relieving devices.
(a) Each pressure vessel containing refrigerants, which may be isolated, shall be protected by a relief valve set to relieve at a pressure not exceeding the maximum allowable working pressure of the vessel. When a pressure vessel forms an integral part of a system having a relief valve, such vessel need not have an individual relief valve.
(b) Relief valves fitted on the high pressure side may discharge to the low pressure side before relieving to atmosphere. When relieving to atmosphere, a relief valve shall be fitted in the atmospheric discharge connection from the receivers and condensers. The relief valve from the receivers may relieve to the condenser which in turn may relieve either to the low side or to atmosphere. It shall be set to relieve at a pressure not greater than the maximum allowable working pressure. A rupture disk may be fitted in series with the relief valve, provided the bursting pressure of the rupture disk is not in excess of the relief valve set pressure. Where a rupture disk is fitted on the downstream side of the relief valve, the relief valve shall be of the type not affected by back pressure.
§ 58.20-15 Installation of refrigerating machinery.
(a) Where refrigerating machines are installed in which anhydrous ammonia is used as a refrigerant, such machines shall be located in a well-ventilated, isolated compartment, preferably on the deck, but in no case shall it be permissible to install such machines in the engineroom space unless the arrangement is such as to eliminate any hazard from gas escaping to the engineroom. Absorption machines using a solution of aqua ammonia and machines using carbon dioxide are exempt from this requirement, provided the maximum charges that might be released in the event of breakage do not exceed 300 pounds.
(b) Machinery compartments containing equipment for ammonia shall be fitted with a sprinkler system providing an effective water spray and having a remote control device located outside the compartment.
(c) All refrigeration compressor spaces shall be effectively ventilated and drained and shall be separated from the insulated spaces by a watertight bulkhead, unless otherwise approved.
[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, as amended by USCG–2004–18884, 69 FR 58346, Sept. 30, 2004]
§ 58.20-20 Refrigeration piping.
(a) All piping materials shall be suitable for handling the primary refrigerant, brine, or fluid used, and shall be of such chemical and physical properties as to remain ductile at the lowest operating temperature.
(b) Piping systems shall be designed in accordance with ANSI-B31.5. Piping used for cargo reliquefaction systems shall also comply with the applicable requirements found in low temperature piping, §56.50–105 of this subchapter.
(c) A relief valve shall be fitted on or near the compressor on the gas discharge side between the compressor and the first stop valve with the discharge therefrom led to the suction side. A check valve shall be fitted in the atmospheric discharge line if it is led through the side of the vessel below the freeboard deck, or a shutoff valve may be employed if it is locked in the open position.
[CGFR 68–82, 33 FR 18878, Dec. 18, 1968, as amended by CGFR 69–127, 35 FR 9980, June 17, 1970]
§ 58.20-25 Tests.
(a) All pressure vessels, compressors, piping, and direct expansion cooling coils shall be leak tested after installation to their design pressures, hydrostatically or pneumatically.
(b) No pneumatic tests in refrigeration systems aboard ships shall be made at pressures exceeding the design pressure of the part of the system being tested. Pneumatic tests may be made with the refrigerant in the system or if the refrigerant has been removed, oil-pumped dry nitrogen or bone dry carbon dioxide with a detectable amount of the refrigerant added, should be used as a testing medium. (Carbon dioxide should not be used to leak test an ammonia system.) In no case should air, oxygen, any flammable gas or any flammable mixture of gases be used for testing.
Subpart 58.25—Steering Gear
Source: CGD 83–043, 60 FR 24776, May 10, 1995, unless otherwise noted
§ 58.25-1 Applicability.
(a) Except as specified otherwise, this subpart applies to—
(1) Each vessel or installation of steering gear contracted for on or after June 9, 1995; and
(2) Each vessel on an international voyage with an installation of steering gear contracted for on or after September 1, 1984.
(b) Each vessel not on an international voyage with an installation of steering gear contracted for before June 9, 1995, and each vessel on an international voyage with such an installation contracted for before September 1, 1984, may meet either the requirements of this subpart or those in effect on the date of the installation.
§ 58.25-5 General.
Ancillary steering equipment means steering equipment, other than the required control systems and power actuating systems, that either is not required, such as automatic pilot or non-followup control from the pilothouse, or is necessary to perform a specific required function, such as the automatic detection and isolation of a defective section of a tanker's hydraulic steering gear.
Auxiliary steering gear means the equipment, other than any part of the main steering gear, necessary to steer the vessel in case of failure of the main steering gear, not including a tiller, quadrant, or other component serving the same purpose. Control system means the equipment by which orders for rudder movement are transmitted from the pilothouse to the steering-gear power units. A control system for steering gear includes, but is not limited to, one or more—
(3) Feedback devices;
(4) Hydraulic servo-control pumps, with associated motors and motor controllers;
(5) Differential units, hunting gear, and similar devices;
(6) All gearing, piping, shafting, cables, circuitry, and ancillary devices for controlling the output of power units; and
(7) Means of bringing steering-gear power units into operation.
Fast-acting valve, as used in this subpart, means a ball, plug, spool, or similar valve with a handle connected for quick manual operation.
Followup control means closed-loop (feedback) control that relates the position of the helm to a specific rudder angle by transmitting the helm-angle order to the power actuating system and, by means of feedback, automatically stopping the rudder when the angle selected by the helm is reached.
Main steering gear means the machinery, including power actuating systems, and the means of applying torque to the rudder stock, such as a tiller or quadrant, necessary for moving the rudder to steer the vessel in normal service.
Maximum ahead service speed means the greatest speed that a vessel is designed to maintain in service at sea at the deepest loadline draft.
Maximum astern speed means the speed that it is estimated the vessel can attain at the maximum designed power astern at the deepest loadline draft.
Power actuating system means the hydraulic equipment for applying torque to the rudder stock. It includes, but is not limited to—
(1) Rudder actuators;
(2) Steering-gear power units; and
(3) Pipes, valves, fittings, linkages, and cables for transmitting power from the power unit or units to the rudder actuator or actuators.
Speedily regained, as used in this subpart, refers to the time it takes one qualified crewmember, after arriving in the steering-gear compartment, and without the use of tools, to respond to a failure of the steering gear and take the necessary corrective action.
Steering capability means steering equivalent to that required of auxiliary steering gear by §58.25–10(c)(2).
Steering gear means the machinery, including power actuating systems, control systems, and ancillary equipment, necessary for moving the rudder to steer the vessel.
Steering-gear power unit means:
(1) In the case of electric steering gear, an electric motor and its associated electrical equipment, including motor controller, disconnect switch, and feeder circuit.
(2) In the case of an electro-hydraulic steering gear, an electric motor, connected pump, and associated electrical equipment such as the motor controller, disconnect switch, and feeder circuit.
(3) In the case of hydraulic steering gear, the pump and its prime mover.
Tank vessel, as used in this subpart, means a self-propelled vessel, including a chemical tanker or a gas carrier, defined either as a tanker by 46 U.S.C. 2101(38) or as a tank vessel by 46 U.S.C. 2101(39).
(b) Unless it otherwise complies with this subpart, each self-propelled vessel must be provided with a main steering gear and an auxiliary steering gear. These gear must be arranged so that—
(1) The failure of one will not render the other inoperative; and
(2) Transfer from the main to the auxiliary can be effected quickly.
(c) Each substantial replacement of steering-gear components or reconfiguration of steering-gear arrangements on an existing vessel must comply with the requirements of this subpart for new installations to the satisfaction of the cognizant Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.
(d) Each non-pressure-containing steering-gear component and each rudder stock must be of sound and reliable construction, meet the minimum material requirements of §58.25–75, and be designed to standards at least equal to those established by the American Bureau of Shipping or other recognized classification society.
(e) The suitability of any essential steering-gear component not duplicated must be specifically approved by the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center. Where a steering-gear component is shared by—
(1) A control system (e.g., a control-system transfer switch located in the steering-gear compartment);
(2) The main and auxiliary steering gear (e.g., an isolation valve); or
(3) A power actuating system and its control system (e.g., a directional control valve)—the requirements for both systems apply, to provide the safest and most reliable arrangement.
(f) Steering gear must be separate and independent of all other shipboard systems, except—
(1) Electrical switchboards from which they are powered;
(2) Automatic pilots and similar navigational equipment; and
(3) Propulsion machinery for an integrated system of propulsion and steering.
(g) Except on a vessel with an integrated system of propulsion and steering, no thruster may count as part of a vessel's required steering capability.
(h) Except for a tank vessel subject to §58.25–85(e), each oceangoing vessel required to have power-operated steering gear must be provided with arrangements for steadying the rudder both in an emergency and during a shift from one steering gear to another. On hydraulic steering gear, a suitable arrangement of stop valves in the main piping is an acceptable means of steadying the rudder. (continued)