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United States Regulations
25 CFR PART 1000—ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT
Title 25: Indians
PART 1000—ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT
Authority: 25 U.S.C. 458aa–gg.
Source: 65 FR 78703, Dec. 15, 2000, unless otherwise noted.
Subpart A—General Provisions
§ 1000.1 Authority.
This part is prepared and issued by the Secretary of the Interior under the negotiated rulemaking procedures in 5 U.S.C. 565.
§ 1000.2 Definitions.
403(c) Program means a non-BIA program eligible under section 403(c) of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975, as amended, 25 U.S.C. 450 et seq. and, specifically, a program, function, service, or activity that is of special geographic, historical or cultural significance to a self-governance Tribe/Consortium. These programs may be referred to, also, as “nexus” programs.
Act means the Tribal Self-Governance Act, Title IV of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975, Pub. L. 93–638, as added by Pub. L. 103–413, amended by Pub. L. 104–109, as amended.
Applicant pool means Tribes/Consortia that the Director of the Office of Self-Governance has determined are eligible to participate in self-governance in accordance with §1000.16 of these regulations.
BIA means the Bureau of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior.
BIA Program means any program, service, function, or activity, or portion thereof, that is performed or administered by the Department through the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Bureau means a bureau or office of the Department of the Interior.
Compact means an executed document that affirms the government-to-government relationship between a self-governance Tribe and the United States. The compact differs from an annual funding agreement (AFA) in that parts of the compact apply to all bureaus within the Department of the Interior rather than a single bureau.
Consortium means an organization of Indian Tribes that is authorized by those Tribes to participate in self-governance under this part and is responsible for negotiating, executing, and implementing annual funding agreements and compacts.
Construction management services (CMS) means activities limited to administrative support services, coordination, oversight of engineers and construction activities. CMS services include services that precede project design: all project design and actual construction activities are subject to Subpart K of these regulations whether performed by a Tribe subcontractor, or consultant.
Days means calendar days, except where the last day of any time period specified in this part falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or a Federal holiday, the period must carry over to the next business day unless otherwise prohibited by law.
Director means the Director of the Office of Self-Governance (OSG).
DOI or Department means the Department of the Interior.
Funding year means either fiscal or calendar year.
Indian means a person who is a member of an Indian Tribe.
Indian Tribe or Tribe means any Indian Tribe, band, nation or other organized group or community, including pueblos, rancherias, colonies and any Alaska Native village, or regional or village corporations as defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, that is recognized as eligible for special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.
Indirect cost rates means the rate(s) arrived at through negotiation between an Indian Tribe/Consortium and the appropriate Federal agency.
Indirect costs means costs incurred for a common or joint purpose benefitting more than one program and that are not readily assignable to individual programs.
Nexus Program means a 403(c) Program as defined in this section.
Non-BIA Bureau means any bureau or office within the Department of the Interior other than the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Non-BIA programs means those programs administered by bureaus or offices other than the Bureau of Indian Affairs within the Department of the Interior.
Office of Self-Governance (OSG) means the office within the Office of the Assistant Secretary-Indian Affairs responsible for the implementation and development of the Tribal Self-Governance Program.
Program means any program, service, function, or activity, or portions of programs administered by a bureau within the Department of the Interior.
Pub. L. 93–638 means sections 1–9 and Title I of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975, as amended.
Reassumption means that the Secretary reassumes control or operation of a program under §1000.300 et seq.
Retained Tribal shares means those funds that were available as a Tribal share but under the AFA were left with BIA to administer.
Retrocession means the voluntary return by a Tribe/Consortium to a bureau of a program operated under an AFA before the agreement expires.
Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior (DOI) or his or her designee authorized to act on the behalf of the Secretary as to the matter at hand.
Self-governance Tribe/Consortium means a Tribe or Consortium that participates in permanent self-governance through application and selection from the applicant pool or has participated in the Tribal self-governance demonstration project. May also be referred to as “participating Tribe/Consortium.”
Successor AFA means a funding agreement negotiated after a Tribe's/Consortium's initial agreement with a bureau for continuing to perform a particular program. The parties to the AFA should generally use the terms of the existing AFA to expedite and simplify the exchange of information and the negotiation process.
Tribal share means the amount determined for that Tribe/Consortium for a particular program at BIA region, agency, and central office levels under sec. 403(g)(3) and 405(d) of the Act.
§ 1000.3 Purpose and scope.
(a) General. This part codifies uniform and consistent rules for the Department of the Interior (DOI) in implementing Title IV of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (ISDEA) Public Law 93–638, 25 U.S.C. 450 et seq., as amended by Title II of Pub. L. 103–413, the Tribal Self-Governance Act of 1994 (108 Stat. 4250, October 25, 1994).
(b) Information Collection. The information provided by the Tribes will be used by the Department for a variety of purposes. The first purpose will be to ensure that qualified applicants are admitted into the applicant pool consistent with the requirements of the Act. In addition, Tribes seeking grant assistance to meet the planning requirements for admission into the applicant pool, will provide information so that grants can be awarded to Tribes meeting basic eligibility (i.e. Tribal resolution indicating that the Tribe wants to plan for Self-Governance and has no material audit exceptions for the last three years of audits). There is no confidential information being solicited and confidentiality is not extended under the law. Other documentation is required to meet the reporting requirements as called for in section 405 of the Act. The information being provided by the Tribes is required to obtain a benefit, however, no person is required to respond to an information collection request unless the form or regulation requesting the information has a currently valid OMB control (clearance) number. Comments were solicited from the Tribes and the general public with respect to this collection. No adverse comments were received. The information collection has been cleared by OMB. The number is OMB control #1076–0143. The approval expires on April 30, 2003.
§ 1000.4 Policy statement.
(a) Congressional findings. In the Tribal Self-Governance Act of 1994, the Congress found that:
(1) The Tribal right of self-governance flows from the inherent sovereignty of Indian Tribes and nations;
(2) The United States recognizes a special government-to-government relationship with Indian Tribes, including the right of the Tribes to self-governance, as reflected in the Constitution, treaties, Federal statues, and the course of dealings of the United States with Indian Tribes;
(3) Although progress had been made, the Federal bureaucracy, with its centralized rules and regulations, had eroded Tribal self-governance and dominated Tribal affairs;
(4) The Tribal Self-Governance Demonstration Project was designed to improve and perpetuate the government-to-government relationship between Indian Tribes and the United States and to strengthen Tribal control over Federal funding and program management; and
(5) Congress has reviewed the results of the Tribal Self-Governance demonstration project and finds that:
(i) Transferring control over funding and decision making to Tribal governments, upon Tribal request, for Federal programs is an effective way to implement the Federal policy of government-to-government relations with Indian Tribes; and
(ii) Transferring control over funding and decision making to Tribal governments, upon request, for Federal programs strengthens the Federal policy of Indian self-determination.
(b) Congressional declaration of policy. It is the policy of the Tribal Self-Governance Act to permanently establish and implement self-governance:
(1) To enable the United States to maintain and improve its unique and continuing relationship with, and responsibility to, Indian Tribes;
(2) To permit each Tribe to choose the extent of its participation in self-governance;
(3) To coexist with the provisions of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act relating to the provision of Indian services by designated Federal agencies;
(4) To ensure the continuation of the trust responsibility of the United States to Indian Tribes and Indian individuals;
(5) To permit an orderly transition from Federal domination of programs and services to provide Indian Tribes with meaningful authority to plan, conduct, redesign, and administer programs, services, functions, and activities that meet the needs of the individual Tribal communities; and
(6) To provide for an orderly transition through a planned and measurable parallel reduction in the Federal bureaucracy.
(c) Secretarial self-governance policies. (1) It is the policy of the Secretary to fully support and implement the foregoing policies to the full extent of the Secretary's authority.
(2) It is the policy of the Secretary to recognize and respect the unique government-to-government relationship between Tribes, as sovereign governments, and the United States.
(3) It is the policy of the Secretary to have all bureaus of the Department work cooperatively and pro-actively with Tribes and Tribal Consortia on a government-to-government basis within the framework of the Act and any other applicable provision of law, so as to make the ideals of self-determination and self-governance a reality.
(4) It is the policy of the Secretary to have all bureaus of the Department actively share information with Tribes and Tribal Consortia to encourage Tribes and Tribal Consortia to become knowledgeable about the Department's programs and the opportunities to include them in an annual funding agreement.
(5) It is the policy of the Secretary that all bureaus of the Department will negotiate in good faith, interpret each applicable Federal law and regulation in a manner that will facilitate the inclusion of programs in each annual funding agreement authorized, and enter into such annual funding agreements under Title IV, whenever possible.
(6) It is the policy of the Secretary to afford Tribes and Tribal Consortia the maximum flexibility and discretion necessary to meet the needs of their communities consistent with their diverse demographic, geographic, economic, cultural, health, social, religious, and institutional needs. These policies are designed to facilitate and encourage Tribes and Tribal Consortia to participate in the planning, conduct, and administration of those Federal programs, included, or eligible for inclusion in an annual funding agreement.
(7) It is the policy of the Secretary, to the extent of the Secretary's authority, to maintain active communication with Tribal governments regarding budgetary matters applicable to programs subject to the Act, and that are included in an individual self-governance annual funding agreement.
(8) It is the policy of the Secretary to implement policies, procedures, and practices at the Department to ensure that the letter, spirit, and goals of the Tribal Self-Governance Act are fully and successfully implemented.
(9) Executive Order 13084 on Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments and any subsequent Executive Orders regarding consultation will apply to the implementation of these regulations.
Subpart B—Selection of Additional Tribes for Participation in Tribal Self-Governance
Purpose and Definitions
§ 1000.10 What is the purpose of this subpart?
This subpart describes the selection process and eligibility criteria that the Secretary uses to decide that Indian Tribes may participate in Tribal self-governance as authorized by section 402 of the Tribal Self-Governance Act of 1994.
§ 1000.11 What is the “applicant pool”?
The applicant pool is the pool of Tribes/Consortia that the Director of the Office of Self-Governance has determined are eligible to participate in self-governance.
§ 1000.12 What is a “signatory”?
A signatory is a Tribe or Consortium that meets the eligibility criteria in §1000.16 and directly signs the agreements. A signatory may exercise all of the rights and responsibilities outlined in the compact and annual funding agreement and is legally responsible for all financial and administrative decisions made by the signatory.
§ 1000.13 What is a “nonsignatory Tribe”?
(a) A nonsignatory Tribe is a Tribe that either:
(1) Does not meet the eligibility criteria in §1000.16 and, by resolution of its governing body, authorizes a Consortium to participate in self-governance on its behalf.
(2) Meets the eligibility criteria in §1000.16 but chooses to be a member of a Consortium and have a representative of the Consortium sign the compact and AFA on its behalf.
(b) A non-signatory tribe under paragraph (a)(1) of this section:
(1) May not sign the compact and AFA. A representative of the Consortium must sign both documents on behalf of the Tribe.
(2) May only become a “signatory Tribe” if it independently meets the eligibility criteria in §1000.16.
§ 1000.14 Who is eligible to participate in Tribal self-governance?
Two types of entities are eligible to participate in Tribal self-governance:
(a) Indian Tribes; and
(b) Consortia of Indian Tribes.
§ 1000.15 How many additional Tribes/Consortia may participate in self-governance per year?
(a) Sections 402(b) and (c) of the Act authorize the Director to select up to 50 additional Indian Tribes per year from an “applicant pool”. A Consortium of Indian Tribes counts as one Tribe for purposes of calculating the 50 additional Tribes per year.
(b) Any signatory Tribe that signed a compact and AFA under the Tribal Self-Governance Demonstration project may negotiate its own compact and AFA in accordance with this subpart without being counted against the 50-Tribe limitation in any given year.
§ 1000.16 What criteria must a Tribe/Consortium satisfy to be eligible for admission to the “applicant pool”?
To be admitted into the applicant pool, a Tribe/Consortium must either be an Indian Tribe or a Consortium of Indian Tribes and comply with §1000.17.
§ 1000.17 What documents must a Tribe/Consortium submit to OSG to apply for admission to the applicant pool?
In addition to the application required by §1000.23, the Tribe/Consortium must submit to OSG documentation that shows all of the following:
(a) Successful completion of a planning phase and a planning report. The requirements for both of these are described in §1000.19 and §1000.20. A Consortium's planning activities satisfy this requirement for all its member Tribes for the purpose of the Consortium meeting this requirement;
(b) A request for participation in self-governance by a Tribal resolution and/or a final official action by the Tribal governing body. For a Consortium, the governing body of each Tribe must authorize its participation by a Tribal resolution and/or a final official action by the Tribal governing body that specifies the scope of the Consortium's authority to act on behalf of the Tribe.
(c) A demonstration of financial stability and financial management capability for the previous 3 fiscal years. This will be done by providing, as part of the application, an audit report prepared in accordance with procedures promulgated under the Single Audit Act Amendments of 1996, 31 U.S.C. 7501, et seq., for the previous 3 years of the self-determination contracts. These audits must not contain material audit exceptions as defined in §1000.21.
§ 1000.18 May a Consortium member Tribe withdraw from the Consortium and become a member of the applicant pool?
In accordance with the expressed terms of the compact or written agreement of the Consortium, a Consortium member Tribe (either a signatory or nonsignatory Tribe) may withdraw from the Consortium to directly negotiate a compact and AFA. The withdrawing Tribe must do the following.
(a) Independently meet all of the eligibility criteria in §§1000.14 through 1000.20. If a Consortium's planning activities and report specifically consider self-governance activities for a member Tribe, that planning activity and report may be used to satisfy the planning requirements for the member Tribe if it applies for self-governance status on its own.
(b) Submit a notice of withdrawal to OSG and the Consortium as evidenced by a resolution of the Tribal governing body.
§ 1000.19 What is done during the “planning phase”?
The Act requires that all Tribes/Consortia seeking to participate in Tribal self-governance complete a planning phase. During the planning phase, the Tribe/Consortium must conduct legal and budgetary research and internal Tribal government and organizational planning. The availability of BIA grant funds for planning activities will be in accordance with subpart C. The planning phase may be completed without a planning grant.
§ 1000.20 What is required in a planning report?
As evidence that the Tribe/Consortium has completed the planning phase, the Tribe/Consortium must prepare and submit to the Secretary a final planning report.
(a) The planning report must:
(1) Identify BIA and non-BIA programs that the Tribe/Consortium may wish to subsequently negotiate for inclusion in a compact and AFA;
(2) Describe the Tribe's/Consortium's planning activities for both BIA and non-BIA programs that may be negotiated;
(3) Identify the major benefits derived from the planning activities;
(4) Identify the process that the Tribe/Consortium will use to resolve any complaints by service recipients;
(5) Identify any organizational planning that the Tribe/Consortium has completed in anticipation of implementing Tribal self-governance; and
(6) Indicate if the Tribe's/Consortium's planning efforts have revealed that its current organization is adequate to assume programs under Tribal self-governance.
(b) In supplying the information required by paragraph (a)(5) of this section:
(1) For BIA programs, a Tribe/Consortium should describe the process that it will use to debate and decide the setting of priorities for the funds it will receive from its AFA.
(2) For non-BIA programs that the Tribe/Consortium may wish to negotiate, the report should describe how the Tribe/Consortium proposes to perform the programs.
§ 1000.21 When does a Tribe/Consortium have a “material audit exception”?
A Tribe/Consortium has a material audit exception if any of the audits that it submitted under §1000.17(c) identifies:
(a) A material weakness, that is a condition in which the design or operation of one or more of the internal control components does reduce to a relatively low level the risk that misstatements in amounts that would be material in relation to the financial statements being audited may occur and not be detected within a timely period by employees in the normal course of performing their assigned functions;
(b) a single finding of known questioned costs subsequently disallowed by a contracting officer or awarding official that exceeds $10,000. If the audits submitted under §1000.17(c) identify any of the conditions described in this section, the Tribe/Consortium must also submit copies of the contracting officer's findings and determinations.
§ 1000.22 What are the consequences of having a material audit exception?
If a Tribe/Consortium has a material audit exception, the Tribe/Consortium is ineligible to participate in self-governance until the Tribe/Consortium meets the eligibility criteria in §1000.16.
Admission Into the Applicant Pool
§ 1000.23 How is a Tribe/Consortium admitted to the applicant pool?
To be considered for admission in the applicant pool, a Tribe/Consortium must submit an application to the Director, Office of Self-Governance, 1849 C Street NW; MS 2542–MIB; Department of the Interior; Washington, DC 20240. The application must contain the documentation required in §1000.17.
§ 1000.24 When does OSG accept applications to become a member of the applicant pool?
OSG accepts applications to become a member of the applicant pool at any time.
§ 1000.25 What are the deadlines for a Tribe/Consortium in the applicant pool to negotiate a compact and annual funding agreement (AFA)?
(a) To be considered for negotiations in any year, a Tribe/Consortium must be a member of the applicant pool on March 1 of the year in which the negotiations are to take place.
(b) An applicant may be admitted into the applicant pool during one year and selected to negotiate a compact and AFA in a subsequent year. In this case, the applicant must, before March 1 of the negotiation year, submit to OSG updated documentation that permits OSG to evaluate whether the Tribe/Consortium still satisfies the application criteria in 1000.17.
§ 1000.26 Under what circumstances will a Tribe/Consortium be removed from the applicant pool?
Once admitted into the applicant pool, a Tribe/Consortium will only be removed if it:
(a) Fails to satisfy the audit criteria in §1000.17(c); or
(b) Submits to OSG a Tribal resolution and/or official action by the Tribal governing body requesting removal.
§ 1000.27 How does the Director select which Tribes in the applicant pool become self-governance Tribes?
The Director selects up to the first 50 Tribes from the applicant pool in any given year ranked according to the earliest postmark date of complete applications. If multiple complete applications have the same postmark date and there are insufficient slots available for that year, the Director will determine priority through random selection. A representative of each Tribe/Consortium that has submitted an application subject to random selection may, at the option of the Tribe/Consortium, be present when the selection is made.
§ 1000.28 What happens if an application is not complete?
(a) If OSG determines that a Tribe's/Consortium's application is deficient, OSG will immediately notify the Tribe/Consortium of the deficiency by letter, certified mail, return receipt requested. The letter will explain what the Tribe/Consortium must do to correct the deficiency.
(b) The Tribe/Consortium will have 20 working days from the date of receiving the letter to mail or telefax the corrected material and retain the applicant's original postmark.
(c) If the corrected material is deficient, the date of entry into the applicant pool will be the date the complete application is postmarked.
(d) If the postmark or date on the applicant's response letter or telefax is more than 20 working days after the date the applicant received the notice-of-deficiency letter, the date of entry into the applicant pool will be the date of full receipt of a completed application.
§ 1000.29 What happens if a Tribe/Consortium is selected from the applicant pool but does not execute a compact and an AFA during the calendar year?
(a) The Tribe/Consortium remains eligible to negotiate a compact and annual funding agreement at any time unless:
(1) It notifies the Director in writing that it no longer wishes to be eligible to participate in the Tribal Self-Governance Program;
(2) Fails to satisfy the audit requirements of §1000.17(c); or
(3) Submits documentation evidencing a Tribal resolution requesting removal from the application pool.
(b) The failure of the Tribe/Consortium to execute an agreement has no effect on the selection of up to 50 additional Tribes/Consortia in a subsequent year.
§ 1000.30 May a Tribe/Consortium be selected to negotiate an AFA under section 403(b)(2) without having or negotiating an AFA under section 403(b)(1)?
Yes, a Tribe/Consortium may be selected to negotiate an AFA under section 403(b)(2) without having or negotiating an AFA under section 403(b)(1).
§ 1000.31 May a Tribe/Consortium be selected to negotiate an AFA under section 403(c) without negotiating an AFA under section 403(b)(1) and/or section 403(b)(2)?
No, section 403(c) of the Act states that any programs of special geographic, cultural, or historical significance to the Tribe/Consortium must be included in AFAs negotiated under section 403(a) and/or section 403(b). A Tribe may be selected to negotiate an AFA under section 403(c) at the same time that it negotiates an AFA under section 403(b)(1) and/or section 403(b)(2).
Withdrawal From a Consortium Annual Funding Agreement
§ 1000.32 What happens when a Tribe wishes to withdraw from a Consortium annual funding agreement?
(a) A Tribe wishing to withdraw from a Consortium's AFA must notify the Consortium, bureau, and OSG of the intent to withdraw. The notice must be:
(1) In the form of a Tribal resolution or other official action by the Tribal governing body; and
(2) Received no later than 180 days before the effective date of the next AFA.
(b) The resolution referred to in paragraph (a)(1) of this section must indicate whether the Tribe wishes the withdrawn programs to be administered under a Title IV AFA, Title I contract, or directly by the bureau.
(c) The effective date of the withdrawal will be the date on which the current agreement expires, unless the Consortium, the Tribe, OSG, and the appropriate bureau agree otherwise.
§ 1000.33 What amount of funding is to be removed from the Consortium's AFA for the withdrawing Tribe?
When a Tribe withdraws from a Consortium, the Consortium's AFA must be reduced by the portion of funds attributable to the withdrawing Tribe. The Consortium must reduce the AFA on the same basis or methodology upon which the funds were included in the Consortium's AFA.
(a) If there is not a clear identifiable methodology upon which to base the reduction for a particular program, the Consortium, Tribe, OSG, and the bureau must negotiate an appropriate amount on a case-by-case basis.
(b) If a Tribe withdraws in the middle of a funding year, the Consortium agreement must be amended to reflect:
(1) A reduction based on the amount of funds passed directly to the Tribe, or already spent or obligated by the Consortium on behalf of the Tribe; and
(2) That the Consortium is no longer providing those programs associated with the withdrawn funds.
(c) Carryover funds from a previous fiscal year may be factored into the amount by which the Consortium agreement is reduced if:
(1) The Consortium, Tribe, OSG, and bureau agree it is appropriate; and
(2) The funds are clearly identifiable.
§ 1000.34 What happens if there is a dispute between the Consortium and the withdrawing Tribe?
(a) At least 15 days before the 90-day Congressional review period of the next AFA, the Consortium, OSG, bureau, and the withdrawing Tribe must reach an agreement on the amount of funding and other issues associated with the program or programs involved.
(b) If agreement is not reached:
(1) For BIA and OIEP programs, at least 5 days before the 90-day Congressional review, the Director must make a decision on the funding or other issues involved.
(2) For non-BIA programs, the bureau head will make a decision on the funding or other issues involved.
(c) A copy of the decision made under paragraph (b) of this section must be distributed in accordance with the following table.
then a copy of the decision
If the program is . . . must be sent to . . .
(1) A BIA program...................... BIA regional director, the
Deputy Commissioner of Indian
Affairs, the withdrawing
Tribe, and the Consortium.
(2) An OIEP program.................... the OIEP line officer, the
Director of OIEP, the
withdrawing Tribe, and the
(d) Any decision made under paragraph (b) of this section is appealable under subpart R of this part.
§ 1000.35 When a Tribe withdraws from a Consortium, is the Secretary required to award to the withdrawing Tribe a portion of funds associated with a construction project if the withdrawing Tribe so requests?
Under §1000.32 of this part, a Tribe may withdraw from a Consortium and request that the Secretary award the Tribe its portion of a construction project's funds. The Secretary may decide not to award these funds if the Secretary determines that the award of the withdrawing Tribe's portion of funds would affect the ability of the remaining members of the Consortium to complete a severable or non-severable phase of the project within available funding.
(a) An example of a non-severable phase of a project would be the construction of a single building to serve all members of a Consortium.
(b) An example of a severable phase of a project would be the funding of a road in one village where the Consortium would be able to complete the roads in other villages that were part of the project approved initially in the AFA.
(c) The Secretary's decision under this section may be appealed under §1000.428 of these regulations.
Subpart C—Section 402(d) Planning and Negotiation Grants
Purpose and Types of Grants
§ 1000.40 What is the purpose of this subpart?
This subpart describes the availability and process of applying for planning and negotiation grants authorized by section 402(d) of the Act to help Tribes meet costs incurred in:
(a) Meeting the planning phase requirement of the Act, including planning to negotiate for non-BIA programs; and
(b) Conducting negotiations.
§ 1000.41 What types of grants are available?
Three categories of grants may be available:
(a) Negotiation grants may be awarded to the Tribes/Consortia that have been selected from the applicant pool as described in subpart B of this part;
(b) Planning grants may be available to Tribes/Consortia requiring advance funding to meet the planning phase requirement of the Act; and
(c) Financial assistance may be available to Tribes/Consortia to plan for negotiating for non-BIA programs, as described in subpart D and §§1000.42–1000.45 of this subpart.
Availability, Amount, and Number of Grants
§ 1000.42 Will grants always be made available to meet the planning phase requirement as described in section 402(d) of the Act?
No, grants to cover some or all of the planning costs that a Tribe/Consortium may incur, depend upon the availability of funds appropriated by Congress. Notice of availability of grants will be published in the Federal Register as described in §1000.45.
§ 1000.43 May a Tribe/Consortium use its own resources to meet its self-governance planning and negotiation expenses?
Yes, a Tribe/Consortium may use its own resources to meet these costs. Receiving a grant is not necessary to meet the planning phase requirement of the Act or to negotiate a compact and an AFA.
§ 1000.44 What happens if there are insufficient funds to meet the Tribal requests for planning/negotiation grants in any given year?
If appropriated funds are available but insufficient to meet the total requests from Tribes/Consortia:
(a) First priority will be given to Tribes/Consortia that have been selected from the applicant pool to negotiate an AFA; and
(b) Second priority will be given to Tribes/Consortia that require advance funds to meet the planning requirement for entry into the self-governance program.
§ 1000.45 How many grants will the Department make each year and what funding will be available?
The number and size of grants awarded each year will depend on Congressional appropriations and Tribal interest. By no later than January 1 of each year, the Director will publish a notice in the Federal Register that provides relevant details about the application process, including the funds available, timeframes, and requirements for negotiation grants, advance planning grants, and financial assistance as described in subpart D of this part.
§ 1000.46 Which Tribes/Consortia may be selected to receive a negotiation grant?
Any Tribe/Consortium that has been accepted into the applicant pool and has been accepted to negotiate a self-governance AFA may apply for a negotiation grant. By March 15 of each year, the Director will publish a list of additional Tribes/Consortia that have been selected for negotiation along with information on how to apply for negotiation grants.
§ 1000.47 What must a Tribe/Consortium do to receive a negotiation grant?
If funds are available, a grant will be awarded to help cover the costs of preparing for and negotiating a compact and an AFA. These grants are not competitive. To receive a negotiation grant, a Tribe/Consortium must:
(a) Be selected from the applicant pool to negotiate an AFA;
(b) Be qualified as eligible to receive a negotiation grant in the Federal Register notice discussed in §1000.45;
(c) Not have received a negotiation grant within the 3 years preceding the date of the latest Federal Register announcement;
(d) Submit a letter affirming its readiness to negotiate; and
(e) Formally request a negotiation grant to prepare for and negotiate an AFA.
§ 1000.48 What must a Tribe do if it does not wish to receive a negotiation grant?
A selected Tribe/Consortium may elect to negotiate without applying for a negotiation grant. In such a case, the Tribe/Consortium should notify OSG in writing so that funds can be reallocated for other grants.
Advance Planning Grant Funding
§ 1000.49 Who can apply for an advance planning grant?
Any Tribe/Consortium that is not a self-governance Tribe and needs advance funding to complete the planning phase requirement may apply. Tribes/Consortia that have received a planning grant within 3 years preceding the date of the latest Federal Register announcement are not eligible.
§ 1000.50 What must a Tribe/Consortium seeking a planning grant submit in order to meet the planning phase requirements?
A Tribe/Consortium must submit the following material:
(a) A Tribal resolution or other final action of the Tribal governing body indicating a desire to plan for Tribal self-governance.
(b) Audits from the last 3 years that document that the Tribe/Consortium is free from material audit exceptions. In order to meet this requirement, a Tribe/Consortium may use the audit currently being conducted on its operations if this audit is submitted before the Tribe/Consortium completes the planning activity.
(c) A proposal that includes:
(1) The Tribe's/Consortium's plans for conducting legal and budgetary research;
(2) The Tribe's/Consortium's plans for conducting internal Tribal government and organizational planning;
(3) A timeline indicating when planning will start and end, and;
(4) Evidence that the Tribe/Consortium can perform the tasks associated with its proposal (i.e., resumes and position descriptions of key staff or consultants to be used).
§ 1000.51 How will Tribes/Consortia know when and how to apply for planning grants?
The number and size of grants awarded each year will depend on Congressional appropriations. By no later than January 1 of each year, the Director will publish in the Federal Register a notice concerning the availability of planning grants for additional Tribes. This notice must identify the specific details for applying.
§ 1000.52 What criteria will the Director use to award advance planning grants?
Advance planning grants are discretionary and based on need. The Director will use the following criteria to determine whether or not to award a planning grant to a Tribe/Consortium before the Tribe/Consortium is selected into the applicant pool.
(a) Completeness of application as described in §1000.50.
(b) Financial need. The Director will rank applications according to the percent of Tribal resources that comprise total resources covered by the latest A–133 audit. Priority will be given to applications that have a lower level of Tribal resources as a percent of total resources.
(c) Other factors that the Tribe may identify as documenting its previous efforts to participate in self-governance and demonstrating its readiness to enter into a self-governance agreement.
§ 1000.53 Can Tribes/Consortia that receive advance planning grants also apply for a negotiation grant?
Yes, Tribes/Consortia that successfully complete the planning activity and are selected may apply to be included in the applicant pool. Once approved for inclusion in the applicant pool, the Tribe/Consortium may apply for a negotiation grant according to the process in §§1000.46–1000.48.
§ 1000.54 How will a Tribe/Consortium know whether or not it has been selected to receive an advance planning grant?
No later than June 1, the Director will notify the Tribe/Consortium by letter whether it has been selected to receive an advance planning grant.
§ 1000.55 Can a Tribe/Consortium appeal within DOI the Director's decision not to award a grant under this subpart?
No, the Director's decision to award or not to award a grant under this subpart is final for the Department.
Subpart D—Other Financial Assistance for Planning and Negotiation Grants for Non-BIA Programs
Purpose and Eligibility
§ 1000.60 What is the purpose of this subpart?
This subpart describes the availability and process of applying for other financial assistance that may be available for planning and negotiating for a non-BIA program.
§ 1000.61 Are other funds available to self-governance Tribes/Consortia for planning and negotiating with non-BIA bureaus?
Yes, Tribes/Consortia may contact OSG to determine if OSG has funds available for the purpose of planning and negotiating with non-BIA bureaus under this subpart. A Tribe/Consortium may also ask a non-BIA bureau for information on any funds that may be available from that bureau.
Eligibility and Application Process
§ 1000.62 Who can apply to OSG for grants to plan and negotiate non-BIA programs?
Any Tribe/Consortium that is in the applicant pool, or has been selected from the applicant pool or that has an existing AFA.
§ 1000.63 Under what circumstances may planning and negotiation grants be awarded to Tribes/Consortia?
At the discretion of the Director, grants may be awarded when requested by the Tribe. Tribes/Consortia may submit only one application per year for a grant under this section.
§ 1000.64 How does the Tribe/Consortium know when and how to apply to OSG for a planning and negotiation grant?
When funds are available, the Director will publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing their availability and a deadline for submitting an application.
§ 1000.65 What kinds of activities do planning and negotiation grants support?
The planning and negotiation grants support activities such as, but not limited to, the following:
(a) Information gathering and analysis;
(b) Planning activities, that may include notification and consultation with the appropriate non-BIA bureau and identification and/or analysis of activities, resources, and capabilities that may be needed for the Tribe/Consortium to assume non-BIA programs; and
(c) Negotiation activities.
§ 1000.66 What must be included in the application?
The application for a planning and negotiation grant must include:
(a) Written notification by the governing body or its authorized representative of the Tribe's/Consortium's intent to engage in planning/negotiation activities like those described in §1000.65;
(b) Written description of the planning and/or negotiation activities that the Tribe/Consortium intends to undertake, including, if appropriate, documentation of the relationship between the proposed activities and the Tribe/Consortium;
(c) The proposed timeline for completion of the planning and/or negotiation activities to be undertaken; and
(d) The amount requested from OSG.
§ 1000.67 How will the Director award planning and negotiation grants?
The Director must review all grant applications received by the date specified in the announcement to determine whether or not the applications include the required elements outlined in the announcement. OSG must rank the complete applications submitted by the deadline using the criteria in §1000.70.
§ 1000.68 May non-BIA bureaus provide technical assistance to a Tribe/Consortium in drafting its planning grant application?
Yes, upon request from the Tribe/Consortium, a non-BIA bureau may provide technical assistance to the Tribe/Consortium in the drafting of its planning grant application.
§ 1000.69 How can a Tribe/Consortium obtain comments or selection documents received or utilized after OSG has made a decision on a planning grant application?
A Tribe/Consortium may request comments or selection documents under the Freedom of Information Act.
§ 1000.70 What criteria will the Director use to rank the applications and how many maximum points can be awarded for each criterion?
The Director will use the following criteria and point system to rank the applications:
(a) The application contains a clear statement of objectives and timelines to complete the proposed planning or negotiation activity and demonstrates that the objectives are legally authorized and achievable. (20 points)
(b) The proposed budget expenses are reasonable. (10 points)
(c) The proposed project demonstrates a new or unique approach to Tribal self-governance or broadens self-governance to include new activities within the Department. (5 points)
§ 1000.71 Can an applicant appeal a decision not to award a grant?
No, all decisions made by the Director to award or not to award a grant under this subpart are final for the Department.
§ 1000.72 Will OSG notify Tribes/Consortia and affected non-BIA bureaus of the results of the selection process?
Yes, OSG will notify all applicant Tribes/Consortia and affected non-BIA bureaus in writing as soon as possible after completing the selection process.
§ 1000.73 Once a Tribe/Consortium has been awarded a grant, may the Tribe/Consortium obtain information from a non-BIA bureau?
Yes, see §1000.169.
Subpart E—Annual Funding Agreements for Bureau of Indian Affairs Programs
§ 1000.80 What is the purpose of this subpart?
This subpart describes the components of annual funding agreements for BIA programs.
§ 1000.81 What is an annual funding agreement (AFA)?
Annual funding agreements are legally binding and mutually enforceable written agreements negotiated and entered into annually between a self-governance Tribe/Consortium and BIA.
Contents and Scope of Annual Funding Agreements
§ 1000.82 What types of provisions must be included in a BIA AFA?
Each AFA must specify the programs and it must also specify the applicable funding:
(a) Retained by BIA for “inherently Federal functions” identified as “residuals” (See §1000.94);
(b) Transferred or to be transferred to the Tribe/Consortium (See §1000.91); and
(c) Retained by BIA to carry out functions that the Tribe/Consortium could have assumed but elected to leave with BIA. (See §1000.101).
§ 1000.83 Can additional provisions be included in an AFA?
Yes, any provision that the parties mutually agreed upon may be included in an AFA.
§ 1000.84 Does a Tribe/Consortium have the right to include provisions of Title I of Pub. L. 93–638 in an AFA?
Yes, under Pub. L. 104–109, a Tribe/Consortium has the right to include any provision of Title I of Pub. L. 93–638 in an AFA.
§ 1000.85 Can a Tribe/Consortium negotiate an AFA with a term that exceeds one year?
Yes, at the option of the Tribe/Consortium, and subject to the availability of Congressional appropriations, a Tribe/Consortium may negotiate an AFA with a term that exceeds one year in accordance with section 105(c)(1) of Title I of Pub. L. 93–638.
Determining What Programs May Be Included in an AFA
§ 1000.86 What types of programs may be included in an AFA?
A Tribe/Consortium may include in its AFA programs administered by BIA, without regard to the BIA agency or office that administers the program, including any program identified in section 403(b)(1) of the Act.
§ 1000.87 How does the AFA specify the services provided, functions performed, and responsibilities assumed by the Tribe/Consortium and those retained by the Secretary?
(a) The AFA must specify in writing the services, functions, and responsibilities to be assumed by the Tribe/Consortium and the functions, services, and responsibilities to be retained by the Secretary.
(b) Any division of responsibilities between the Tribe/Consortium and BIA should be clearly stated in writing as part of the AFA. Similarly, when there is a relationship between the program and BIA's residual responsibility, the relationship should be in writing.
§ 1000.88 Do Tribes/Consortia need Secretarial approval to redesign BIA programs that the Tribe/Consortium administers under an AFA?
No, the Secretary does not have to approve a redesign of a program under the AFA, except when the redesign involves a waiver of a regulation.
(a) The Secretary must approve any waiver, in accordance with subpart J of this part, before redesign takes place.
(b) This section does not authorize redesign of programs where other prohibitions exist.
(c) Redesign shall not result in the Tribe/Consortium being entitled to receive more or less funding for the program from BIA.
(d) Redesign of construction project(s) included in an AFA must be done in accordance with subpart K of this part.
§ 1000.89 Can the terms and conditions in an AFA be amended during the year it is in effect?
Yes, terms and conditions in an AFA may be amended during the year it is in effect as agreed to by both the Tribe/Consortium and the Secretary.
§ 1000.90 What happens if an AFA expires before the effective date of the successor AFA?
If the effective date of the successor AFA is not on or before the expiration of the current AFA, subject to terms mutually agreed upon by the Tribe/Consortium and the Department at the time the current AFA was negotiated or in a subsequent amendment, the Tribe/Consortium may continue to carry out the program authorized under the AFA to the extent adequate resources are available. During this extension period, the current AFA shall remain in effect, including coverage of the Tribe/Consortium under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) 28 U.S.C. 2671–2680 (1994), and the Tribe/Consortium may use any funds remaining under the AFA, savings from other programs or Tribal funds to carry out the program. Nothing in this section authorizes an AFA to be continued beyond the completion of the program authorized under the AFA or the amended AFA. This section also does not entitle a Tribe/Consortium to receive, nor does it prevent a Tribe from receiving, additional funding under any successor AFA. The successor AFA must provide funding to the Tribe/Consortium at a level necessary for the Tribe/Consortium to perform the programs, functions, services, and activities or portions thereof (PFSAs) for the full period it was or will be performed.
Determining AFA Amounts
§ 1000.91 What funds must be transferred to a Tribe/Consortium under an AFA?
(a) At the option of the Tribe/Consortium, the Secretary must provide the following program funds to the Tribe/Consortium through an AFA:
(1) An amount equal to the amount that the Tribe/Consortium would have been eligible to receive under contracts and grants for direct programs and contract support under Title I of Pub. L. 93–638, as amended; (continued)