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United States Regulations
10 CFR PART 851—WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM
Title 10: Energy
PART 851—WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM
Authority: 42 U.S.C. 2201(i)(3), (p); 42 U.S.C. 2282c; 42 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.; 42 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 2401 et seq.
Source: 71 FR 6931, Feb. 9, 2006, unless otherwise noted.
Subpart A—General Provisions
§ 851.1 Scope and purpose.
(a) The worker safety and health requirements in this part govern the conduct of contractor activities at DOE sites.
(b) This part establishes the:
(1) Requirements for a worker safety and health program that reduces or prevents occupational injuries, illnesses, and accidental losses by providing DOE contractors and their workers with safe and healthful workplaces at DOE sites; and
(2) Procedures for investigating whether a violation of a requirement of this part has occurred, for determining the nature and extent of any such violation, and for imposing an appropriate remedy.
§ 851.2 Exclusions.
(a) This part does not apply to work at a DOE site:
(1) Regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration; or
(2) Operated under the authority of the Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion, pursuant to Executive Order 12344, as set forth in Public Law 98–525, 42 U.S.C. 7158 note.
(b) This part does not apply to radiological hazards or nuclear explosives operations to the extent regulated by 10 CFR Parts 20, 820, 830 or 835.
(c) This part does not apply to transportation to or from a DOE site.
§ 851.3 Definitions.
(a) As used in this part:
AEA means the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, 42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.
Affected worker means a worker who would be affected by the granting or denial of a variance, or any authorized representative of the worker, such as a collective bargaining agent.
Closure facility means a facility that is non-operational and is, or is expected to be permanently closed and/or demolished, or title to which is expected to be transferred to another entity for reuse.
Closure facility hazard means a facility-related condition within a closure facility involving deviations from the technical requirements of §851.23 of this part that would require costly and extensive structural/engineering modifications to be in compliance.
Cognizant Secretarial Officer means, with respect to a particular situation, the Assistant Secretary, Deputy Administrator, Program Office Director, or equivalent DOE official who has primary line management responsibility for a contractor, or any other official to whom the CSO delegates in writing a particular function under this part.
Compliance order means an order issued by the Secretary to a contractor that mandates a remedy, work stoppage, or other action to address a situation that violates, potentially violates, or otherwise is inconsistent with a requirement of this part.
Consent order means any written document, signed by the Director and a contractor, containing stipulations or conclusions of fact or law and a remedy acceptable to both DOE and the contractor.
Construction means combination of erection, installation, assembly, demolition, or fabrication activities involved to create a new facility or to alter, add to, rehabilitate, dismantle, or remove an existing facility. It also includes the alteration and repair (including dredging, excavating, and painting) of buildings, structures, or other real property, as well as any construction, demolition, and excavation activities conducted as part of environmental restoration or remediation efforts.
Construction contractor means the lowest tiered contractor with primary responsibility for the execution of all construction work described within a construction procurement or authorization document (e.g., construction contract, work order).
Construction manager means the individual or firm responsible to DOE for the supervision and administration of a construction project to ensure the construction contractor's compliance with construction project requirements.
Construction project means the full scope of activities required on a construction worksite to fulfill the requirements of the construction procurement or authorization document.
Construction worksite is the area within the limits necessary to perform the work described in the construction procurement or authorization document. It includes the facility being constructed or renovated along with all necessary staging and storage areas as well as adjacent areas subject to project hazards.
Contractor means any entity, including affiliated entities, such as a parent corporation, under contract with DOE, or a subcontractor at any tier, that has responsibilities for performing work at a DOE site in furtherance of a DOE mission.
Covered workplace means a place at a DOE site where a contractor is responsible for performing work in furtherance of a DOE mission.
Director means a DOE Official to whom the Secretary assigns the authority to investigate the nature and extent of compliance with the requirements of this part.
DOE means the United States Department of Energy, including the National Nuclear Security Administration.
DOE Enforcement Officer means a DOE official to whom the Director assigns the authority to investigate the nature and extent of compliance with the requirements of this part.
DOE site means a DOE-owned or -leased area or location or other area or location controlled by DOE where activities and operations are performed at one or more facilities or places by a contractor in furtherance of a DOE mission.
Final notice of violation means a document that determines a contactor has violated or is continuing to violate a requirement of this part and includes:
(1) A statement specifying the requirement of this part to which the violation relates;
(2) A concise statement of the basis for the determination;
(3) Any remedy, including the amount of any civil penalty; and
(4) A statement explaining the reasoning behind any remedy.
Final Order means an order of DOE that represents final agency action and, if appropriate, imposes a remedy with which the recipient of the order must comply.
General Counsel means the General Counsel of DOE.
Head of DOE Field Element means an individual who is the manager or head of the DOE operations office or field office.
Interpretative ruling means a statement by the General Counsel concerning the meaning or effect of a requirement of this part which relates to a specific factual situation but may also be a ruling of general applicability if the General Counsel determines such action to be appropriate.
National defense variance means relief from a safety and health standard, or portion thereof, to avoid serious impairment of a national defense mission.
NNSA means the National Nuclear Security Administration.
Nuclear explosive means an assembly containing fissionable and/or fusionable materials and main charge high-explosive parts or propellants capable of producing a nuclear detonation (e.g., a nuclear weapon or test device).
Nuclear explosive operation means any activity involving a nuclear explosive, including activities in which main charge high-explosive parts and pit are collocated.
Occupational medicine provider means the designated site occupational medicine director (SOMD) or the individual providing medical services.
Permanent variance means relief from a safety and health standard, or portion thereof, to contractors who can prove that their methods, conditions, practices, operations, or processes provide workplaces that are as safe and healthful as those that follow the workplace safety and health standard required by this part.
Preliminary notice of violation means a document that sets forth the preliminary conclusions that a contractor has violated or is continuing to violate a requirement of this part and includes:
(1) A statement specifying the requirement of this part to which the violation relates;
(2) A concise statement of the basis for alleging the violation;
(3) Any remedy, including the amount of any proposed civil penalty; and
(4) A statement explaining the reasoning behind any proposed remedy.
Pressure systems means all pressure vessels, and pressure sources including cryogenics, pneumatic, hydraulic, and vacuum. Vacuum systems should be considered pressure systems due to their potential for catastrophic failure due to backfill pressurization. Associated hardware (e.g., gauges and regulators), fittings, piping, pumps, and pressure relief devices are also integral parts of the pressure system.
Remedy means any action (including, but not limited to, the assessment of civil penalties, the reduction of fees or other payments under a contract, the requirement of specific actions, or the modification, suspension or rescission of a contract) necessary or appropriate to rectify, prevent, or penalize a violation of a requirement of this part, including a compliance order issued by the Secretary pursuant to this part.
Safety and health standard means a standard that addresses a workplace hazard by establishing limits, requiring conditions, or prescribing the adoption or use of one or more practices, means, methods, operations, or processes, reasonably necessary or appropriate to provide safe and healthful workplaces.
Secretary means the Secretary of Energy.
Temporary variance means a short-term relief for a new safety and health standard when the contractor cannot comply with the requirements by the prescribed date because the necessary construction or alteration of the facility cannot be completed in time or when technical personnel, materials, or equipment are temporarily unavailable.
Unauthorized discharge means the discharge of a firearm under circumstances other than: (1) during firearms training with the firearm properly pointed down range (or toward a target), or (2) the intentional firing at hostile parties when deadly force is authorized.
Under Secretary means, with respect to a particular situation, the DOE official who serves as the Under Secretary for Energy and Environment, or the Under Secretary for Science, or the Under Secretary for Nuclear Security/Administrator for National Nuclear Security Administration who has primary line management responsibility for a contractor.
Variance means an exception to compliance with some part of a safety and health standard granted by the Under Secretary to a contractor.
Worker means an employee of a DOE contractor person who performs work in furtherance of a DOE mission at a covered workplace.
Workplace hazard means a physical, chemical, biological, or safety hazard with any potential to cause illness, injury, or death to a person.
(b) Terms undefined in this part that are defined in the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 must have the same meaning as under that Act.
§ 851.4 Compliance order.
(a) The Secretary may issue to any contractor a Compliance Order that:
(1) Identifies a situation that violates, potentially violates, or otherwise is inconsistent with a requirement of this part;
(2) Mandates a remedy, work stoppage, or other action; and,
(3) States the reasons for the remedy, work stoppage, or other action.
(b) A Compliance order is a final order that is effective immediately unless the Order specifies a different effective date.
(c) Within 15 calendar days of the issuance of a Compliance Order, the recipient of the Order may request the Secretary to rescind or modify the Order. A request does not stay the effectiveness of a Compliance Order unless the Secretary issues an order to that effect.
(d) A copy of the Compliance Order must be prominently posted, once issued, at or near the location where the violation, potential violation, or inconsistency occurred until it is corrected.
§ 851.5 Enforcement.
(a) A contractor that is indemnified under section 170d. of the AEA (or any subcontractor or supplier thereto) and that violates (or whose employee violates) any requirement of this part shall be subject to a civil penalty of up to $70,000 for each such violation. If any violation under this subsection is a continuing violation, each day of the violation shall constitute a separate violation for the purpose of computing the civil penalty.
(b) A contractor that violates any requirement of this part may be subject to a reduction in fees or other payments under a contract with DOE, pursuant to the contract's Conditional Payment of Fee clause, or other contract clause providing for such reductions.
(c) DOE may not penalize a contractor under both paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section for the same violation of a requirement of this part.
(d) For contractors listed in subsection d. of section 234A of the AEA, 42 U.S.C. 2282a(d), the total amount of civil penalties under paragraph (a) and contract penalties under paragraph (b) of this section may not exceed the total amount of fees paid by DOE to the contractor in that fiscal year.
(e) DOE shall not penalize a contractor under both sections 234A and 234C of the AEA for the same violation.
(f) DOE enforcement actions through civil penalties under paragraph (a) of this section, start on February 9, 2007.
§ 851.6 Petitions for generally applicable rulemaking.
(a) Right to file. Any person may file a petition for generally applicable rulemaking to amend or interpret provisions of this part.
(b) How to file. Any person who wants to file a petition for generally applicable rulemaking pursuant to this section must file by mail or messenger in an envelope addressed to the Office of General Counsel, GC–1, U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585.
(c) Content of rulemaking petitions. A petition under this section must:
(1) Be labeled “Petition for Rulemaking Under 10 CFR 851;”
(2) Describe with particularity the provision of this part to be amended and the text of regulatory language to be added; and
(3) Explain why, if relevant, DOE should not choose to make policy by precedent through adjudication of petitions for assessment of civil penalty.
(d) Determinations upon rulemaking petitions. After considering the petition and other information DOE deems relevant, DOE may grant the petition and issue an appropriate rulemaking notice, or deny the petition because the rule being sought:
(1) Would be inconsistent with statutory law;
(2) Would establish a generally applicable policy in a subject matter area that should be left to case-by-case determinations; or
(3) For other good cause.
§ 851.7 Requests for a binding interpretative ruling.
(a) Right to file. Any person subject to this part have the right to file a request for an interpretive ruling that is binding on DOE with regard to a question as to how the regulations in this part would apply to particular facts and circumstances.
(b) How to file. Any person who wants to file a request under this section must file by mail or messenger in an envelop addressed to the Office of General Counsel, GC–1, U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585.
(c) Content of request for interpretive ruling. A request under this section must:
(1) Be in writing;
(2) Be labeled “Request for Interpretive Ruling Under 10 CFR 851;”
(3) Identify the name, address, telephone number, e-mail address, and any designated representative of the person filing the request;
(4) State the facts and circumstances relevant to the request;
(5) Be accompanied by copies of relevant supporting documents if any;
(6) Specifically identify the pertinent regulations and the related question on which an interpretive ruling is sought; and
(7) Include explanatory discussion in support of the interpretive ruling being sought.
(d) Public comment. DOE may give public notice of any request for an interpretive ruling and provide an opportunity for public comment.
(e) Opportunity to respond to public comment. DOE may provide an opportunity to any person who requests an interpretive ruling to respond to public comments relating to the request.
(f) Other sources of information. DOE may:
(1) Conduct an investigation of any statement in a request;
(2) Consider any other source of information in evaluating a request for an interpretive ruling; and
(3) Rely on previously issued interpretive rulings with addressing the same or a related issue.
(g) Informal conference. DOE may convene an informal conference with the person requesting the interpretive ruling.
(h) Effect of interpretive ruling. Except as provided in paragraph (i) of this section, an interpretive ruling under this section is binding on DOE only with respect to the person who requested the ruling.
(i) Reliance on interpretive ruling. If DOE issues an interpretive ruling under this section, then DOE may not subject the person who requested the ruling to an enforcement action for civil penalties for actions reasonably taken in reliance on the ruling, but a person may not act in reliance on an interpretive ruling that is administratively rescinded or modified after opportunity to comment, judicially invalidated, or overruled by statute or regulation.
(j) Denial of requests for an interpretive ruling. DOE may deny a request for an interpretive ruling if DOE determines that:
(1) There is insufficient information upon which to base an interpretive ruling;
(2) The interpretive question posed should be treated in a general notice of proposed rulemaking;
(3) There is an adequate procedure elsewhere in this part for addressing the interpretive question such as a petition for variance; or
(4) For other good cause.
(k) Public availability of interpretive rulings. For information of interested members of the public, DOE may file a copy of interpretive rulings on a DOE internet web site.
§ 851.8 Informal requests for information.
(a) Any person may informally request information under this section as to how to comply with the requirements of this part, instead of applying for a binding interpretive ruling under §851.7. DOE responses to informal requests for information under this section are not binding on DOE and do not preclude enforcement actions under this part.
(b) Inquiries regarding the technical requirements of the standards required by this part must be directed to the Office of Environment, Safety and Health, Office of Health (EH–5), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585.
(c) Information regarding the general statement of enforcement policy in the appendix to this part must be directed to the Office of Environment, Safety and Health, Office of Price-Anderson Enforcement (EH–6), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585.
Subpart B—Program Requirements
§ 851.10 General requirements.
(a) With respect to a covered workplace for which a contractor is responsible, the contractor must:
(1) Provide a place of employment that is free from recognized hazards that are causing or have the potential to cause death or serious physical harm to workers; and
(2) Ensure that work is performed in accordance with:
(i) All applicable requirements of this part; and
(ii) With the worker safety and health program for that workplace.
(b) The written worker safety and health program must describe how the contractor complies with the:
(1) Requirements set forth in Subpart C of this part that are applicable to the hazards associated with the contractor's scope of work; and
(2) Any compliance order issued by the Secretary pursuant to §851.4.
§ 851.11 Development and approval of the worker safety and health program.
(a) Preparation and submission of worker safety and health program. By February 26, 2007, contractors must submit to the appropriate Head of DOE Field Element for approval a written worker safety and health program that provides the methods for implementing the requirements of Subpart C of this part.
(1) If a contractor is responsible for more than one covered workplace at a DOE site, the contractor must establish and maintain a single worker safety and health program for the covered workplaces for which the contractor is responsible.
(2) If more than one contractor is responsible for covered workplaces, each contractor must:
(i) Establish and maintain a worker safety and health program for the workplaces for which the contractor is responsible; and
(ii) Coordinate with the other contractors responsible for work at the covered workplaces to ensure that there are clear roles, responsibilities and procedures to ensure the safety and health of workers at multi-contractor workplaces.
(3) The worker safety and health program must describe how the contractor will:
(i) Comply with the requirements set forth in Subpart C of this part that are applicable to the covered workplace, including the methods for implementing those requirements; and
(ii) Integrate the requirements set forth in Subpart C of this part that are applicable to a covered workplace with other related site-specific worker protection activities and with the integrated safety management system.
(b) DOE evaluation and approval. The Head of DOE Field Element must complete a review and provide written approval of the contractor's worker safety and health program, within 90 days of receiving the document. The worker safety and health program and any updates are deemed approved 90 days after submission if they are not specifically approved or rejected by DOE earlier.
(1) Beginning May 25, 2007, no work may be performed at a covered workplace unless an approved worker safety and health program is in place for the workplace.
(2) Contractors must send a copy of the approved program to the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health.
(3) Contractors must furnish a copy of the approved worker safety and health program, upon written request, to the affected workers or their designated representatives.
(c) Updates. (1) Contractors must submit an update of the worker safety and health program to the appropriate Head of DOE Field Element, for review and approval whenever a significant change or addition to the program is made, or a change in contractors occurs.
(2) Contractors must submit annually to DOE either an updated worker safety and health program for approval or a letter stating that no changes are necessary in the currently approved worker safety and health program.
(3) Contactors must incorporate in the worker safety and health program any changes, conditions, or workplace safety and health standards directed by DOE consistent with the requirements of this part and DEAR 970.5204–2, Laws, Regulations and DOE Directives (December, 2000) and associated contract clauses.
(d) Labor Organizations. If a contractor employs or supervises workers who are represented for collective bargaining by a labor organization, the contractor must:
(1) Give the labor organization timely notice of the development and implementation of the worker safety and health program and any updates thereto; and
(2) Upon timely request, bargain concerning implementation of this part, consistent with the Federal labor laws.
§ 851.12 Implementation.
(a) Contractors must implement the requirements of this part.
(b) Nothing in this part precludes a contractor from taking any additional protective action that is determined to be necessary to protect the safety and health of workers.
§ 851.13 Compliance.
(a) Contractors must achieve compliance with all the requirements of Subpart C of this part, and their approved worker safety and health program no later than May 25, 2007. Contractors may be required to comply contractually with the requirements of this rule before February 9, 2007.
(b) In the event a contractor has established a written safety and health program, an Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) description pursuant to the DEAR Clause, or an approved Work Smart Standards (WSS) process before the date of issuance of the final rule, the Contractor may use that program, description, or process as the worker safety and health program required by this part if the appropriate Head of the DOE Field Element approves such use on the basis of written documentation provided by the contractor that identifies the specific portions of the program, description, or process, including any additional requirements or implementation methods to be added to the existing program, description, or process, that satisfy the requirements of this part and that provide a workplace as safe and healthful as would be provided by the requirements of this part.
(c) Nothing in this part shall be construed to limit or otherwise affect contractual obligations of a contractor to comply with contractual requirements that are not inconsistent with the requirements of this part.
Subpart C—Specific Program Requirements
§ 851.20 Management responsibilities and worker rights and responsibilities.
(a) Management responsibilities. Contractors are responsible for the safety and health of their workforce and must ensure that contractor management at a covered workplace:
(1) Establish written policy, goals, and objectives for the worker safety and health program;
(2) Use qualified worker safety and health staff (e.g., a certified industrial hygienist, or safety professional) to direct and manage the program;
(3) Assign worker safety and health program responsibilities, evaluate personnel performance, and hold personnel accountable for worker safety and health performance;
(4) Provide mechanisms to involve workers and their elected representatives in the development of the worker safety and health program goals, objectives, and performance measures and in the identification and control of hazards in the workplace;
(5) Provide workers with access to information relevant to the worker safety and health program;
(6) Establish procedures for workers to report without reprisal job-related fatalities, injuries, illnesses, incidents, and hazards and make recommendations about appropriate ways to control those hazards;
(7) Provide for prompt response to such reports and recommendations;
(8) Provide for regular communication with workers about workplace safety and health matters;
(9) Establish procedures to permit workers to stop work or decline to perform an assigned task because of a reasonable belief that the task poses an imminent risk of death, serious physical harm, or other serious hazard to workers, in circumstances where the workers believe there is insufficient time to utilize normal hazard reporting and abatement procedures; and
(10) Inform workers of their rights and responsibility by appropriate means, including posting the DOE-designated Worker Protection Poster in the workplace where it is accessible to all workers.
(b) Worker rights and responsibilities. Workers must comply with the requirements of this part, including the worker safety and health program, which are applicable to their own actions and conduct. Workers at a covered workplace have the right, without reprisal, to:
(1) Participate in activities described in this section on official time;
(2) Have access to:
(i) DOE safety and health publications;
(ii) The worker safety and health program for the covered workplace;
(iii) The standards, controls, and procedures applicable to the covered workplace;
(iv) The safety and health poster that informs the worker of relevant rights and responsibilities;
(v) Limited information on any recordkeeping log (OSHA Form 300). Access is subject to Freedom of Information Act requirements and restrictions; and
(vi) The DOE Form 5484.3 (the DOE equivalent to OSHA Form 301) that contains the employee's name as the injured or ill worker;
(3) Be notified when monitoring results indicate the worker was overexposed to hazardous materials;
(4) Observe monitoring or measuring of hazardous agents and have the results of their own exposure monitoring;
(5) Have a representative authorized by employees accompany the Director or his authorized personnel during the physical inspection of the workplace for the purpose of aiding the inspection. When no authorized employee representative is available, the Director or his authorized representative must consult, as appropriate, with employees on matters of worker safety and health;
(6) Request and receive results of inspections and accident investigations;
(7) Express concerns related to worker safety and health;
(8) Decline to perform an assigned task because of a reasonable belief that, under the circumstances, the task poses an imminent risk of death or serious physical harm to the worker coupled with a reasonable belief that there is insufficient time to seek effective redress through normal hazard reporting and abatement procedures; and
(9) Stop work when the worker discovers employee exposures to imminently dangerous conditions or other serious hazards; provided that any stop work authority must be exercised in a justifiable and responsible manner in accordance with procedures established in the approved worker safety and health program.
§ 851.21 Hazard identification and assessment.
(a) Contractors must establish procedures to identify existing and potential workplace hazards and assess the risk of associated workers injury and illness. Procedures must include methods to:
(1) Assess worker exposure to chemical, physical, biological, or safety workplace hazards through appropriate workplace monitoring;
(2) Document assessment for chemical, physical, biological, and safety workplace hazards using recognized exposure assessment and testing methodologies and using of accredited and certified laboratories;
(3) Record observations, testing and monitoring results;
(4) Analyze designs of new facilities and modifications to existing facilities and equipment for potential workplace hazards;
(5) Evaluate operations, procedures, and facilities to identify workplace hazards;
(6) Perform routine job activity-level hazard analyses;
(7) Review site safety and health experience information; and
(8) Consider interaction between workplace hazards and other hazards such as radiological hazards.
(b) Contractors must submit to the Head of DOE Field Element a list of closure facility hazards and the established controls within 90 days after identifying such hazards. The Head of DOE Field Element, with concurrence by the Cognizant Secretarial Officer, has 90 days to accept the closure facility hazard controls or direct additional actions to either:
(1) Achieve technical compliance; or
(2) Provide additional controls to protect the workers.
(c) Contractors must perform the activities identified in paragraph (a) of this section, initially to obtain baseline information and as often thereafter as necessary to ensure compliance with the requirements in this Subpart.
§ 851.22 Hazard prevention and abatement.
(a) Contractors must establish and implement a hazard prevention and abatement process to ensure that all identified and potential hazards are prevented or abated in a timely manner.
(1) For hazards identified either in the facility design or during the development of procedures, controls must be incorporated in the appropriate facility design or procedure.
(2) For existing hazards identified in the workplace, contractors must:
(i) Prioritize and implement abatement actions according to the risk to workers;
(ii) Implement interim protective measures pending final abatement; and
(iii) Protect workers from dangerous safety and health conditions;
(b) Contractors must select hazard controls based on the following hierarchy:
(1) Elimination or substitution of the hazards where feasible and appropriate;
(2) Engineering controls where feasible and appropriate;
(3) Work practices and administrative controls that limit worker exposures; and
(4) Personal protective equipment.
(c) Contractors must address hazards when selecting or purchasing equipment, products, and services.
§ 851.23 Safety and health standards.
(a) Contractors must comply with the following safety and health standards that are applicable to the hazards at their covered workplace:
(1) Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 850, “Chronic Beryllium Disease Prevention Program.”
(2) Title 29 CFR, Parts 1904.4 through 1904.11, 1904.29 through 1904.33; 1904.44, and 1904.46, “Recording and Reporting Occupational Injuries and Illnesses.”
(3) Title 29 CFR, Part 1910, “Occupational Safety and Health Standards,” excluding 29 CFR 1910.1096, “Ionizing Radiation.”
(4) Title 29 CFR, Part 1915, “Shipyard Employment.”
(5) Title 29 CFR, Part 1917, “Marine Terminals.”
(6) Title 29 CFR, Part 1918, “Safety and Health Regulations for Longshoring.”
(7) Title 29 CFR, Part 1926, “Safety and Health Regulations for Construction.”
(8) Title 29 CFR, Part 1928, “Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Agriculture.”
(9) American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), “Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices,” (2005) (incorporated by reference, see §851.27) when the ACGIH Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) are lower (more protective) than permissible exposure limits in 29 CFR 1910. When the ACGIH TLVs are used as exposure limits, contractors must nonetheless comply with the other provisions of any applicable expanded health standard found in 29 CFR 1910.
(10) American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Z88.2, “American National Standard for Respiratory Protection,” (1992) (incorporated by reference, see §851.27).
(11) ANSI Z136.1, “Safe Use of Lasers,” (2000) (incorporated by reference, see §851.27).
(12) ANSI Z49.1, “Safety in Welding, Cutting and Allied Processes,” sections 4.3 and E4.3 (1999) (incorporated by reference, see §851.27).
(13) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 70, “National Electrical Code,” (2005) (incorporated by reference, see §851.27).
(14) NFPA 70E, “Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace,” (2004) (incorporated by reference, see §851.27).
(b) Nothing in this part must be construed as relieving a contractor from complying with any additional specific safety and health requirement that it determines to be necessary to protect the safety and health of workers.
§ 851.24 Functional areas.
(a) Contractors must have a structured approach to their worker safety and health program which at a minimum, include provisions for the following applicable functional areas in their worker safety and health program: construction safety; fire protection; firearms safety; explosives safety; pressure safety; electrical safety; industrial hygiene; occupational medicine; biological safety; and motor vehicle safety.
(b) In implementing the structured approach required by paragraph (a) of this section, contractors must comply with the applicable standards and provisions in Appendix A of this part, entitled “Worker Safety and Health Functional Areas.”
§ 851.25 Training and information.
(a) Contractors must develop and implement a worker safety and health training and information program to ensure that all workers exposed or potentially exposed to hazards are provided with the training and information on that hazard in order to perform their duties in a safe and healthful manner.
(b) The contractor must provide:
(1) Training and information for new workers, before or at the time of initial assignment to a job involving exposure to a hazard;
(2) Periodic training as often as necessary to ensure that workers are adequately trained and informed; and
(3) Additional training when safety and health information or a change in workplace conditions indicates that a new or increased hazard exists.
(c) Contractors must provide training and information to workers who have worker safety and health program responsibilities that is necessary for them to carry out those responsibilities.
§ 851.26 Recordkeeping and reporting.
(a) Recordkeeping. Contractors must:
(1) Establish and maintain complete and accurate records of all hazard inventory information, hazard assessments, exposure measurements, and exposure controls.
(2) Ensure that the work-related injuries and illnesses of its workers and subcontractor workers are recorded and reported accurately and consistent with DOE Manual 231.1–1A, Environment, Safety and Health Reporting Manual, September 9, 2004 (incorporated by reference, see §851.27).
(3) Comply with the applicable occupational injury and illness recordkeeping and reporting workplace safety and health standards in §851.23 at their site, unless otherwise directed in DOE Manual 231.1–1A.
(4) Not conceal nor destroy any information concerning non-compliance or potential noncompliance with the requirements of this part.
(b) Reporting and investigation. Contractors must:
(1) Report and investigate accidents, injuries and illness; and
(2) Analyze related data for trends and lessons learned (reference DOE Order 225.1A, Accident Investigations, November 26, 1997).
§ 851.27 Reference sources.
(a) Materials incorporated by reference. (1) General. The following standards which are not otherwise set forth in part 851 are incorporated by reference and made a part of part 851. The standards listed in this section have been approved for incorporation by reference by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
(2) Availability of standards. The standards incorporated by reference are available for inspection at:
(i) National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For more information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html
(ii) U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environment, Safety and Health, Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Ave., SW., Washington, DC 20585.
(iii) American National Standards Institute Headquarters, 25 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036. Telephone number: 212–642–4980, or go to: http://www.ansi.org.
(iv) National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169. Telephone: 617 770–3000, or go to: http://www.nfpa.org.
(v) American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienist (ACGIH), 1330 Kemper Meadow Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45240. Telephone number 513–742–2020, or go to: http://www.acgih.org.
(vi) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), P.O. Box 2300 Fairfield, NJ 07007. Telephone: 800–843–2763, or got to: http://www.asme.org.
(b) List of standards incorporated by reference. (1) American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Z88.2, “American National Standard for Respiratory Protection,” (1992).
(2) ANSI Z136.1, “Safe Use of Lasers,” (2000).
(3) ANSI Z49.1, “Safety in Welding, Cutting and Allied Processes,” sections 4.3 and E4.3, (1999).
(4) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 70, “National Electrical Code,” (2005).
(5) NFPA 70E, “Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace,” (2004).
(6) American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, “Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices,” (2005).
(7) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boilers and Pressure Vessel Code, sections I through XII including applicable Code Cases, (2004).
(8) ASME B31 (ASME Code for Pressure Piping) as follows:
(i) B31.1—2001—Power Piping, and B31.1a—2002—Addenda to ASME B31.1—2001;
(ii) B31.2—1968—Fuel Gas Piping;
(iii) B31.3—2002—Process Piping;
(iv) B31.4—2002—Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids;
(v) B31.5—2001—Refrigeration Piping and Heat Transfer Components, and B31.5a—2004, Addenda to ASME B31.5—2001;
(vi) B31.8—2003—Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems;
(vii) B31.8S—2001—Managing System Integrity of Gas Pipelines;
(viii) B31.9—1996—Building Services Piping;
(ix) B31.11—2002—Slurry Transportation Piping Systems; and
(x) B31G—1991—Manual for Determining Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipelines.
(9) DOE Manual 231.1–1A, Environment, Safety and Health Reporting Manual, September 9, 2004.
(10) DOE Manual 440.1–1A, DOE Explosives Safety Manual, Contractor Requirements Document (Attachment 2), January 9, 2006.
§ 851.30 Consideration of variances.
(a) Variances shall be granted by the Under Secretary after considering the recommendation of the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health. The authority to grant a variance cannot be delegated.
(b) The application must satisfy the requirements for applications specified in §851.31.
§ 851.31 Variance process.
(a) Application. Contractors desiring a variance from a safety and health standard, or portion thereof, may submit a written application containing the information in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section to the appropriate CSO.
(1) The CSO may forward the application to the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health.
(2) If the CSO does not forward the application to the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health, the CSO must return the application to the contractor with a written statement explaining why the application was not forwarded.
(3) Upon receipt of an application from a CSO, the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health must review the application for a variance and make a written recommendation to:
(i) Approve the application;
(ii) Approve the application with conditions; or
(iii) Deny the application.
(b) Defective applications. If an application submitted pursuant to §851.31(a) is determined by the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health to be incomplete, the Assistant Secretary may:
(1) Return the application to the contractor with a written explanation of what information is needed to permit consideration of the application; or
(2) Request the contractor to provide necessary information.
(c) Content. All variance applications submitted pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section must include:
(1) The name and address of the contractor;
(2) The address of the DOE site or sites involved;
(3) A specification of the standard, or portion thereof, from which the contractor seeks a variance;
(4) A description of the steps that the contractor has taken to inform the affected workers of the application, which must include giving a copy thereof to their authorized representative, posting a statement, giving a summary of the application and specifying where a copy may be examined at the place or places where notices to workers are normally posted; and
(5) A description of how affected workers have been informed of their right to petition the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health or designee for a conference; and
(6) Any requests for a conference, as provided in §851.34.
(d) Types of variances. Contractors may apply for the following types of variances:
(1) Temporary variance. Applications for a temporary variance pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section must be submitted at least 30 days before the effective date of a new safety and health standard and, in addition to the content required by paragraph (b) of this section, must include:
(i) A statement by the contractor explaining the contractor is unable to comply with the standard or portion thereof by its effective date and a detailed statement of the factual basis and representations of qualified persons that support the contractor's statement;
(ii) A statement of the steps the contractor has taken and plans to take, with specific dates if appropriate, to protect workers against the hazard covered by the standard;
(iii) A statement of when the contractor expects to be able to comply with the standard and of what steps the contractor has taken and plans to take, with specific dates if appropriate, to come into compliance with the standard;
(iv) A statement of the facts the contractor would show to establish that:
(A) The contractor is unable to comply with the standard by its effective date because of unavailability of professional or technical personnel or materials and equipment needed to come into compliance with the standard or because necessary construction or alteration of facilities cannot be completed by the effective date;
(B) The contractor is taking all available steps to safeguard the workers against the hazards covered by the standard; and
(C) The contractor has an effective program for coming into compliance with the standard as quickly as practicable.
(2) Permanent variance. An application submitted for a permanent variance pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section must, in addition to the content required in paragraph (b) of this section, include:
(i) A description of the conditions, practices, means, methods, operations, or processes used or proposed to be used by the contractor; and
(ii) A statement showing how the conditions, practices, means, methods, operations, or processes used or proposed to be used would provide workers a place of employment which is as safe and healthful as would result from compliance with the standard from which a variance is sought.
(3) National defense variance. (i) An application submitted for a national defense variance pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section must, in addition to the content required in paragraph (b) of this section, include:
(A) A statement by the contractor showing that the variance sought is necessary to avoid serious impairment of national defense; and
(B) A statement showing how the conditions, practices, means, methods, operations, or processes used or proposed to be used would provide workers a safe and healthful place of employment in a manner that, to the extent practical taking into account the national defense mission, is consistent with the standard from which a variance is sought.
(ii) A national defense variance may be granted for a maximum of six months, unless there is a showing that a longer period is essential to carrying out a national defense mission.
§ 851.32 Action on variance requests.
(a) Procedures for an approval recommendation. (1) If the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health recommends approval of a variance application, the Assistant Secretary must forward to the Under Secretary the variance application and the approval recommendation including a discussion of the basis for the recommendation and any terms and conditions proposed for inclusion as part of the approval.
(2) If the Under Secretary approves a variance, the Under Secretary must notify the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health who must notify the Office of Price-Anderson Enforcement and the CSO who must promptly notify the contractor.
(3) The notification must include a reference to the safety and health standard or portion thereof that is the subject of the application, a detailed description of the variance, the basis for the approval and any terms and conditions of the approval.
(4) If the Under Secretary denies a variance, the Under Secretary must notify the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health who must notify the appropriate CSO who must notify the contractor.
(5) The notification must include the grounds for denial.
(b) Approval criteria. A variance may be granted if the variance:
(1) Is consistent with section 3173 of the NDAA;
(2) Does not present an undue risk to worker safety and health;
(3) Is warranted under the circumstances;
(4) Satisfies the requirements of §851.31 of this part for the type of variance requested.
(c) Procedures for a denial recommendation. (1) If the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health recommends denial of a variance application, the Assistant Secretary must notify the CSO of the denial recommendation and the grounds for the denial recommendation.
(2) Upon receipt of a denial recommendation, the CSO may:
(i) Notify the contractor that the variance application is denied on the grounds cited by the Assistant Secretary; or
(ii) Forward to the Under Secretary the variance application, the denial recommendation, the grounds for the denial recommendation, and any information that supports an action different than that recommended by the Assistant Secretary.
(3) If the CSO forwards the application to the Under Secretary, the procedures in paragraphs (a)(2), (3), (4) and (5) of this section apply.
(4) A denial of an application pursuant to this section shall be without prejudice to submitting of another application
(d) Grounds for denial of a variance. A variance may be denied if:
(1) Enforcement of the violation would be handled as a de minimis violation (defined as a deviation from the requirement of a standard that has no direct or immediate relationship to safety or health, and no enforcement action will be taken);
(2) When a variance is not necessary for the conditions, practice, means, methods, operations, or processes used or proposed to be used by contractor;
(3) Contractor does not demonstrate that the approval criteria are met.
§ 851.33 Terms and conditions.
A variance may contain appropriate terms and conditions including, but not limited to, provisions that:
(a) Limit its duration;
(b) Require alternative action;
(c) Require partial compliance; and
(d) Establish a schedule for full or partial compliance.
§ 851.34 Requests for conferences.
(a) Within the time allotted by a notice of the filling of an application, any affected contractor or worker may file with the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health a request for a conference on the application for a variance. (continued)